On This Day

What Happened in December 1906

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
  • Dec 1 German Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 years for forgery after posing as Prussian officer
  • Dec 4 Alpha Phi Alpha, first Black Greek Letter Fraternity, forms
  • Dec 6 The British grant Transvaal self-government
  • Dec 9 NY American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 US President Theodore Roosevelt is the 1st American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Frenchman Henri Moissan is presented with the Nobel prize for Chemistry for isolating Fluoride

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • Dec 11 US President Theodore Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo
  • Dec 12 Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish US government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
  • Dec 13 German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament
  • Dec 20 Venezuela (under vice-pres Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet
  • Dec 21 British Parliament pass two important pieces of social legislation: The Trades Disputes Bill, legalizing peaceful picketing, and The Workingmen's Compensation Act, broadening employers' liability for accidents
  • Dec 24 Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
  • Dec 27 1st annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence, Rhode Island
  • Dec 28 Ecuador adopts its second liberal constitution
  • Dec 29 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers beat New Glasgow (NS), 7-2 for 17-5 aggregate challenge series victory
  • Dec 30 Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • Dec 30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan
  • Dec 31 French, British and Italian treaty concerning rights on Abyssinia
  • Dec 31 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Christchurch, NZ: All-NZ final; Antony Wilding beats Francis Fisher 6-0, 6-4, 6-4

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Jean Cartan, French composer, born in Nancy (d. 1932)
  • Dec 2 Donald Woods, Canadian actor (True Grit, Craig Kennedy; Criminologist), born in Brandon, Manitoba (d. 1998)
  • Dec 2 Eric Dalton, South African cricket batsman (15 Tests, top score 117), born in Durban, Natal, South Africa (d. 1981)
  • Dec 2 Peter Carl Goldmark, German-Hungarian engineer (developed the LP record format), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1977)
  • Dec 6 Antoon Spinoy, Belgian politician, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • Dec 7 George James, American jazz saxophonist, born in Boggs, Oklahoma (d. 1995)
  • Dec 8 Richard Llewellyn, Welsh novelist (How Green Was My Valley), born in Hendon, Middlesex, England (d. 1983)
  • Dec 9 Freddy Martin, American orchestra leader (started Merv Griffin) and tenor saxophonist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1983)

Person of interestGrace Hopper

Dec 9 Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and US Navy admiral who invented the first compiler for a universal computer programming language and is credited with coining the phrase 'debugging’, born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • Dec 9 Greet Koeman, Dutch opera soprano, born in Zaandam, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Dec 10 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • Dec 11 Birago Diop, Senegalese writer and ambassador (Leurres et Lueurs), born in Dakar, French West Africa (d. 1989)
  • Dec 12 William Pahlmann, American interior designer (4 Season restaurant, NYC), born in Pleasant Mound, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • Dec 13 Ingemar Liljefors, Swedish composer, born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1981)
  • Dec 13 Laurens Jan van der Post, South African-born writer, soldier, explorer and conservationist, born in Philippolis (d. 1996)
  • Dec 14 Helmut Bornefeld, German organist and composer, born in Stuttgart-Untertürkheim, Germany (d. 1990)
  • Dec 14 Guy Middleton, British actor (Oh! What a Lovely War, Laughter in Paradise), born in Hove, East Sussex, England (d. 1973)
  • Dec 16 John Morrison, 1st Baron Margadale, English politician and landowner, last non-royal to be raised to the peerage in UK (1965) (d. 1996)
  • Dec 17 Fernando Lopez-Garcia, composer
  • Dec 18 Edwin H "Buddy" Morris, music publisher
  • Dec 18 Kam Tong, Chinese American actor (Have Gun Will Travel, Across the Pacific, Flower Drum Song), born in San Francisco (d. 1969)
  • Dec 19 H Allen Smith, Ill, humorist/author (Low Man on Totem Pole)

Person of interestLeonid Brezhnev

Dec 19 Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1964-82), born in Kamenskoye, Ukraine (d. 1982)

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • Dec 20 Dick White, British intelligence officer (Director General of MI5 1953–1956; Head of the Secret Intelligence Service 1956–1968), born in Tonbridge, Kent
  • Dec 20 Irving Krick, American meteorologist & inventor, born in San Francisco, California
  • Dec 20 Lowell Gilmore, American actor (The Picture of Dorian Gray, Living Christ Series), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1960)
  • Dec 23 Ross Lee Finney, American composer (Landscapes Remembered), born in Wells, Minnesota (d. 1997)
  • Dec 24 John Walker, American art curator, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Dec 24 Franz Waxman, German film composer, born in Chorzów, Poland (d. 1967)
  • Dec 25 Clark M Clifford, US Secretary of Defense (1968-69)
  • Dec 25 Herman J Scheltema, [NEM Pareau], Dutch jurist/poet
  • Dec 25 Lew Grade, British TV mogul (ATV)/movie producer (Boys from Brazil)
  • Dec 25 William McChesney Martin, Chairman of Federal Reserve Bank (1951-70)
  • Dec 25 Ernst Ruska, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • Dec 27 Teun Struycken [Antoon Arnold Marie Struycken], Dutch Minister of Justice (1950-51) and Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (1951-56), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Dec 27 Ivan Brkanović, Croatian composer (Triptych - Funeral Folk Rite), born in Škaljari, Montenegro (d. 1987)
  • Dec 27 Oscar Levant, American pianist, composer and actor (An American in Paris, Dance of Life), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1972)
  • Dec 30 Carol Reed, English motion picture director (3rd Man, Oliver!), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • Dec 30 Johan A earl von Kielmansegg, German general/commandant NATO-Europe
  • Dec 31 Erna Bogen-Bogáti, Hungarian foils (Olympic bronze 1932), born in Jaroslaw, Poland (d. 2002)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 7 Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
  • Dec 14 Jean Abraham Chrétien Oudemans, Dutch geographer & astronomer, dies at 78
  • Dec 21 Adalbert von Goldschmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 58
  • Dec 30 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", dies at 92