On This Day

What Happened in January 1906

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • Jan 1 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

Historic Invention

Jan 2 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

  • Jan 4 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win

Music History

Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 8 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • Jan 10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • Jan 12 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • Jan 12 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Election of Interest

Jan 12 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

  • Jan 16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)

Theater Premiere

Jan 19 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

  • Jan 22 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • Jan 25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • Jan 27 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • Jan 29 Dutch speed skater Coen de King skates a world record 32,370m in one hour
  • Jan 31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Giovanni D'Anzi, Italian songwriter (d. 1974)
  • Jan 3 Roman Brandstaetter, writer
  • Jan 3 Doc Hayes, American basketball coach (Southern Methodist University 1947-67), born in Krum, Texas (d. 1973)
  • Jan 3 Gus Suhr, American baseball first baseman (1435 MLB games Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies; only player to be sued by a fan injured after struck by a foul ball), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2004)
  • Jan 3 Aleksey Stachanov, Russian model miner, born in Lugovaya, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • Jan 6 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • Jan 6 Jaap Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jan 7 Herbert Magidson, American lyricist, winner of first Academy Award for Best Original Song ("The Continental"; "Gone With The Wind"; "The Masquerade Is Over"), born in Braddock, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)
  • Jan 8 Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
  • Jan 8 Serge Poliakoff, Russian/French painter/guitarist

Albert Hofmann

Jan 11 Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist who first synthesized and ingested LSD, born in Baden, Switzerland (d. 2008)

  • Jan 11 Johannes Paul Thilman, composer
  • Jan 11 Robert Nesbitt, impresario
  • Jan 12 (Woodward) "Tex" Ritter, American country singer (5 Star Jubilee, "Wayward Wind"), born in Murvaul, Texas (d. 1974)
  • Jan 13 Maxime Jacob, composer
  • Jan 13 Zhou Youguang [Zhou Yaoping], Chinese language scholar (father of pinyin), born in Changzhou (d. 2017)
  • Jan 14 Walter Knape, German conductor & composer, born in Bernburg, Germany (d. 2000)
  • Jan 14 William Bendix, American actor (Lifeboat, Babe Ruth Story, Life of Riley), born in NYC, New York (d. 1964)
  • Jan 15 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)
  • Jan 15 Rezső Kókai, Hungarian pianist, composer, musicologist, and pedagogue, born in Budapest (d. 1962)
  • Jan 16 Clement Greenberg, art critic
  • Jan 16 Diana Wynyard, British actress (Cavalcade), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • Jan 18 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours), born in Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Jan 19 Ish Kabbible [Merwyn Bogue], Penns, comedian (Kay Kyser's Kollege)
  • Jan 19 Lanny Ross, radio singer (Show Boat, The Swift Show), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Jan 19 Lillian Harvey [Pape], British actress (Invitation to the Waltz; Congress Dance), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • Jan 21 Fred Fehl, Austrian/US Broadway photographer
  • Jan 21 John Putz, British journalist (Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 22 Robert E. Howard, American pulp fiction author (Conan the Barbarian), born in Peaster, Texas (d. 1936)
  • Jan 22 Willa B Brown (Coffey), US African American air pioneer (NAAA)
  • Jan 22 Joe Gladwin, British actor (Nearest and Dearest, No Hard Feelings), born in Salford, Lancashire, England (d. 1987)
  • Jan 24 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • Jan 27 Radames Gnattali, composer
  • Jan 28 Harry van Kruiningen [Henri A Janssen], painter and graphic artist
  • Jan 28 Henry Foley, cricketer (batted in New Zealand's 1st Test 1930)
  • Jan 29 Franciscus Hin, Dutch yachtsman (Olympic gold 1920)
  • Jan 29 Joe Primeau, Canadian NHL center (Toronto Maple Leafs), born in Lindsay, Ontario (d. 1989)
  • Jan 30 Greta Nissen, Norwegian-born American actress (Ambassador Bill), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1988)
  • Jan 31 Benjamin Frankel, British composer, born in London, England (d. 1973)
  • Jan 31 R W Bonham, founder (International Braille Chess Association)
  • Jan 31 Roosevelt Sykes, American blues and boogie-woogie pianist, and singer (The Honeydripper), born in Elmar, Arkansas (d. 1983)

Famous Weddings

Igor Stravinsky

Jan 23 Composer Igor Stravinsky (23) weds Yekaterina Nosenko

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Joseph Miroslav Weber, Czech composer, dies at 51
  • Jan 1 Sir Hugh Nelson, Australian politician (Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, English Archaeologist who excavated Jericho (the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement that has been inhabited for the last 11,000 years), dies at 72
  • Jan 13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • Jan 16 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, dies at 71
  • Jan 19 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), dies at 84
  • Jan 25 Joseph Wheeler, American Major General (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee), dies at 70
  • Jan 25 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, dies at 78
  • Jan 29 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1893-1906), dies at 87