On This Day

What Happened in August 1908

Historical Events

  • Aug 3 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • Aug 6 St Louis Cardinals Johnny Lush pitches 2nd career no-hitter vs Brooklyn Superbas; wins, 2-0 (1st no-hitter 1906)
  • Aug 7 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington
  • Aug 9 Tour de France: French road cyclist Lucien Petit-Breton successfully defends his title beating François Faber of Luxembourg

Meeting of Interest

Aug 11 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy

Model T

Aug 12 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

Sports History

Aug 13 Future Baseball HOF pitcher Cy Young's career is celebrated with special day in his name in Boston; he pitches briefly for Red Sox against an All-Star team

  • Aug 13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • Aug 14 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • Aug 14 The first beauty contest is held in Folkestone, England.

Historic Event

Aug 16 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion

  • Aug 17 Booth Tarkington & Harry Leon Wilson's play "Man from Home" premieres in New York

Historic Event

Aug 17 Bank of Italy (now Bank of America) opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery, San Francisco

  • Aug 17 Projection in Paris of the very first animated cartoon, Fantasmagorie realized by Émile Cohl
  • Aug 20 Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo

Great White Fleet

Aug 20 America's Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia

Boxing Title Fight

Aug 24 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 13th round at the Sydney Stadium, Australia to retain world heavyweight boxing title; Burns' 3rd KO of Squires

  • Aug 24 NY Giants scores shown on electric diamonds known as "Compton's Baseball Bulletin" at Madison Square Garden
  • Aug 25 Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race
  • Aug 25 National Association of Colored Nurses forms
  • Aug 27 Calgary City Rugby Football Club re-organizes as the Tigers
  • Aug 29 US Open Men's Golf, Myopia Hunt GC: Fred McLeod defeats fellow Scot Willie Smith by 6 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only major title
  • Aug 29 NY gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London
  • Aug 29 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Defending champion William Larned beats Beals Wright 6-1, 6-2, 8-6 for his 4th of 7 US singles titles

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Miloslav Kabeláč, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1979)
  • Aug 4 Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor, born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • Aug 4 Leslie Wilkinson, journalist
  • Aug 4 Osbert Lancaster, English cartoonist and author (Daily Express), born in London (d. 1986)
  • Aug 5 Harold Holt, Australian politician, Prime Minister of Australia (1966-67); supported US in Vietnam, disappeared swimming, presumed drowned while PM, born in Stanmore, New South Wales (d. 1967)
  • Aug 6 George Singer, composer
  • Aug 6 Helen Jacobs, American tennis player (7 Grand Slam singles titles, US Open 1932-35), born in Globe, Arizona (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 James Lees-Milne, English writer and architectural historian, born in Wickhamford, Worcestershire (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Sol Adler, economist Sinophile
  • Aug 6 Svend Erik Tarp, Danish composer, born in Thisted, Denmark (d. 1994)
  • Aug 6 William "Will" Lee, American actor (They Live by Night, Melody Lane), born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • Aug 8 Arthur J Goldberg, Ill, UN ambassador/Supreme Court justice (1962-65)
  • Aug 8 Chivu Stoica, premier of Romania (1955-61)
  • Aug 8 Emilio "Don Millo" Flores Márquez, Puerto Rican centenarian, (world's oldest man at 112 in 2021), born in Carolina, Pueto Rico
  • Aug 10 Adelino ("Billy") Gonsalves, American soccer player (d. 1977)
  • Aug 12 Lord Renton, QC/British government minister
  • Aug 13 Gene Raymond [Raymond Guion], American actor (Paris 7000, Love on a Bet, Fireside Theater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • Aug 14 Jean Knox, Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service (1941-43) (d. 1993)
  • Aug 14 Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (Antigone, Marinos Kontaras), born in Kastelli Kissamou, Crete (d. 1984)
  • Aug 16 William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (The New Yorker), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Aug 17 Kurt Hessenberg, German composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d.1994)
  • Aug 18 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu), born in North Sumatra, Indonesia (d. 1970)
  • Aug 18 Bill Merritt, cricketer (early NZ Test leg-spinner, also Northants)
  • Aug 18 Edgar Faure, Prime Minister of France (1952, 52-56) and writer, born in Béziers, France (d. 1988)
  • Aug 18 Milan Ristić, Serbian composer, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1982)
  • Aug 19 Al Morgan, American jazz double-bassist (Cab Calloway; Fats Waller; Louis Jordan), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1974)
  • Aug 19 (Lyle) "Spud" Murphy [Miko Stefanovic], Serbian-American jazz multi-instrumentalist, arranger (Benny Goodman; Casa Loma Orchestra), bandleader, composer (Columbia Pictures), and educator (Equal Interval System), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2005)
  • Aug 20 Al López, Spanish-American baseball player (AL Manager of the year 1959), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 2005)
  • Aug 20 Jeanne Stern, German screenwriter (The Condemned Village), born in Bedous, Aquitaine (d. 1998)
  • Aug 20 John Reginald Bevins, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 1996)
  • Aug 20 Kingsley Davis, American sociologist and demographer (coined the term "population explosion"), born in Tuxedo, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Aug 21 David Farrar, English actor (Beat Girl, I Accuse, Watusi), born in Forest Gate, London (d. 1995)
  • Aug 21 M. M. Kaye, British writer (The Far Pavilions), born in Shimla, India (d. 2004)
  • Aug 21 Tom Tully, American radio, stage, and screen actor (The Caine Mutiny; Shane), born in Durango, Colorado (d. 1982)

Henri Cartier-Bresson

Aug 22 Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer famous for 'The Decisive Moment', born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, France (d. 2004)

  • Aug 23 Arthur Adamov, Russian-French playwright (Paolo Paoli), born in Kislovodsk, Terek Oblast, Russia (d. 1970)
  • Aug 23 Cornelis van Dis Sr., Dutch chemist and politician, born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • Aug 23 Hannah Frank, Scottish artist and sculptor, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • Aug 25 Philip Coolidge, American actor (North by Northwest, North by Northwest, I Want to Live, Tingler), born in Concord, Massachusetts
  • Aug 26 Bill Hunt, Australian cricketer (NSW slow left-armer, Test for Australia 1933), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1983)
  • Aug 26 W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)

Donald Bradman

Aug 27 Sir Donald Bradman AC, Australian Cricket Batsman and captain (52 Tests; 6,996 runs @ WR 99.94 average; HS 334; 29 x 100s), born in Cootamundra, Australia (d. 2001)

  • Aug 27 Frank Leahy, American football coach (Notre Dame), born in O'Neill, Nebraska (d. 1973)

Lyndon B. Johnson

Aug 27 Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President (Democrat: 1963-69), born in Stonewall, Texas (d. 1973)

  • Aug 27 Kurt Wegner, German artist, born in Köln, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Aug 28 Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and writer (How to Know Birds), born in Jamestown, New York (d. 1996)
  • Aug 30 Fred MacMurray, American actor (Double Indemnity, The Apartment, My Three Sons), born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • Aug 30 Leonor Fini, Argentine artist, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1996)
  • Aug 30 Willie Bryant, American jazz singer, band leader, and disc jockey (Sugar Hill Times), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1964)
  • Aug 31 Peter Conrad Baden, composer
  • Aug 31 William Saroyan, American novelist and playwright (Time of Your Life), born in Fresno, California (d. 1981)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 8 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, architect (Wiener Sezession), dies at 40
  • Aug 11 Khudiram Bose, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1889)
  • Aug 13 Ira D. Sankey, American evangelist, singer, composer and publisher (Gospel Hymns and Sacred Songs), dies at 67
  • Aug 20 Louis Varney, French composer, dies at 64

Henri Becquerel

Aug 25 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), dies at 55

  • Aug 25 Eyre Massey Shaw, British first chief of London Fire Brigade, dies at 78
  • Aug 26 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, dies at 71
  • Aug 30 Alexander P. Stewart, American Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), dies at 86