On This Day

What Happened in July 1908

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • Jul 3 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • Jul 4 New York Giants pitcher George "Hooks" Wiltse no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0 in 10 inn
  • Jul 5 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Jul 6 Robert Peary's arctic expedition sails from NYC for the north pole

Arctic Explorer Robert Peary
Arctic Explorer
Robert Peary

BoatGreat White Fleet

Jul 7 Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay

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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
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Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 7 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jul 8 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • Jul 9 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • Jul 10 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • Jul 19 Dutch football club Feyenoord is established in Rotterdam as Wilhelmina; reverts to SC Feijenoord 1912; updated to SC Feyenoord 1974 and to Feyenoord Rotterdam 1978
  • Jul 24 American Johnny Hayes wins London Olympic marathon in Games record 2:55:18.4 after Dorando Pietri of Italy disqualified for receiving assistance before the finish line
  • Jul 24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • Jul 25 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • Jul 26 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)
  • Jul 29 St Louis Browns' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Philadelphia A's in 5-4 win against his previous team at Sportsman's Park II, St. Louis
  • Jul 30 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Ed Gordon Jr, American athlete (Olympic gold long jump 1932), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 1971)
  • Jul 1 Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
  • Jul 1 Peter Anders, German opera singer, born in Essen, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Jul 2 Jean Sinclair, South African campaigner, founder member and first president of the Black Sash in 1955, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 1996)

Person of interestThurgood Marshall

Jul 2 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • Jul 3 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France (d. 1998)
  • Jul 3 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, born in Albion, Michigan (d. 1992)
  • Jul 3 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1984)
  • Jul 6 Léonce Grass, Flemish singer and conductor, born in Borgerhout, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1993)
  • Jul 7 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • Jul 7 Harriette Arnow, Wayne Co, Ky, novelist (Dollmaker)
  • Jul 7 Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)

Person of interestLouis Jordan

Jul 8 Louis Jordan, American musician, songwriter and bandleader (Caldonia), born in Brinkley, Arkansas (d. 1975)

Musician Louis Jordan
Musician
Louis Jordan

Person of interestNelson Rockefeller

Jul 8 Nelson Rockefeller, American politician (Vice President: 1974-1977; Governor of New York (R), 1959-73), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1979)

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller
  • Jul 9 Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, born in Hyderabad, India (d. 1973)
  • Jul 10 Cootie Williams, American jazz trumpeter, born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • Jul 12 Alain Cuny, French actor (La Dolce Vita, Detective, Weite Land, Emmanuelle), born in Saint-Malo, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1994)
  • Jul 12 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Jul 12 Johan Franco, Dutch composer, born in Zaandam, Netherlands (d. 1988)

Person of interestMilton Berle

Jul 12 Milton Berle, American comedian and TV host (Uncle Miltie, Mr Television), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)

Comedian and TV Host Milton Berle
Comedian and TV Host
Milton Berle
  • Jul 12 Paul Runyan, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1934, 38), born in Hot Springs, Arkansas (d. 2002)
  • Jul 14 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • Jul 16 Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist and politician (first Mayor of Delhi), born in Kalka, Punjab, British India (d. 1996)
  • Jul 16 Maurice Adams, British surgeon and rear admiral
  • Jul 17 Rudolf Petzold, composer
  • Jul 18 Peace Pilgrim [Mildred Lisette Norman], American peace activist, born in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • Jul 20 Gunnar de Frumerie, Swedish pianist and composer (Circulus Quintus), born in Nacka, Sweden (d. 1987)

Person of interestMad Dog Coll

Jul 20 [Vincent] Mad Dog Coll, Irish-American mob hitman, born in Gweedore, Ireland (d. 1932)

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Jul 21 Harold "Jug" McSpaden, American golfer, course designer (17 PGA Tour wins), born in Monticello, Kansas (d. 1996)
  • Jul 22 Amy Vanderbilt, American authority on etiquette (Complete Book of Etiquette, Complete Cook Book), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 23 Karl Swenson, American actor (Lars Hanson-Little House on the Prairie), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1978)
  • Jul 25 Jack Gilford, American actor (Save the Tiger, Cocoon, Arthur 2), born in NYC, New York (d. 1990)
  • Jul 25 Joseph Mitchell, American writer (Joe Gould's Secret), born in Fairmont, North Carolina (d. 1996)
  • Jul 25 Bill Bowes, English cricketer (Bodyline bowler, 68 wkts for England), born in Elland, Yorkshire, England (d. 1987)
  • Jul 25 Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian Carnatic vocalist, born in Tirukkodikaval, Thanjavur District, India (d. 2003)

Person of interestSalvador Allende

Jul 26 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • Jul 27 Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2004)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer (created Uncle Remus stories), dies at 59
  • Jul 5 Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (The Family at Gilje: A Domestic Story of the Forties), dies at 74
  • Jul 10 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, dies at 78
  • Jul 10 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer and organist, dies at 69
  • Jul 14 William Mason, composer, dies at 79
  • Jul 18 Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (Mexican national anthem), dies at 83
  • Jul 20 Federico Chueca, Spanish composer, dies at 62
  • Jul 20 Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author, president of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1835)
  • Jul 22 William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • Jul 24 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet, dies at 41 (b. the same day 1867)