On This Day

What Happened in October 1908

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
The mass-produced Model T that brought motoring to the masses
The mass-produced Model T that brought motoring to the masses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Jack Chesbro records final victory for the NY Highlanders before waived and claimed by Red Sox; beats Walter Johnson and Washington Senators, 2-1

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Oct 2 Cleveland Naps and future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Addie Joss hurls a classic perfect game, beating Ed Walsh and the White Sox, 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 5 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • Oct 5 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh beats Detroit Tigers, 6-1, his 40th victory of the MLB season; forces AL pennant race to the final day
  • Oct 6 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Oct 6 Tigers beat White Sox, 7-0 to win AL pennant
  • Oct 6 Yanks lose 100th game of year go 51-103 for season
  • Oct 7 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • Oct 7 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • Oct 8 NY Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
  • Oct 14 Upset over seating arrangements at the Baseball World Series, sports reporters form a professional group that will become Baseball Writers Association of America
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cubs beat Detriot Tigers, 2-0 at Bennett Park, Detroit to clinch World Series, 4-1; 6,210 fans is smallest crowd in World Series history
  • Oct 16 Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux
  • Oct 18 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • Oct 20 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • Oct 24 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Oct 31 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in London

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Herman David Koppel, composer
  • Oct 1 Doug Young, Canadian NHL defenceman (Stanley Cup 1936-37, Detroit Red Wings captain), born in Medicine Hat, Alberta (d. 1990)
  • Oct 3 David Herbert, British writer and raconteur (d. 1995)
  • Oct 5 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), born in Texarcana, Texas (d. 1988)
  • Oct 6 Carole Lombard [Jane Alice Peters], American actress (My Man Godfrey, In Name Only), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 1942)
  • Oct 6 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
  • Oct 7 Richard Caldicot, British actor (Horse's Mouth, Strife, Mrs Thursday), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 8 Paul Van Buskirk Yoder, American composer, born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1990)
  • Oct 9 Jim Folsom, American politician (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59), born in Coffee County, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • Oct 9 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, England (d. 1961)
  • Oct 9 Lee Wiley, American jazz singer (Night in Manhattan), born in Fort Gibson, Oklahoma (d. 1975)
  • Oct 10 Johnny Green, American singer (Body and Soul) and film score composer who won 5 Academy Awards, born in NYC, New York (d. 1989)
  • Oct 10 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • Oct 11 Armen Carapetyan, Americn musicologist and composer, born in Isfahan, Iran (d. 1992)
  • Oct 12 Ann Lane Petry, American journalist and author (Street), born in Old Saybrook, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Oct 12 Paul Engle, American poet and writer (Worm Earth, American Song), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1991)
  • Oct 13 John Grant, British rear-admiral (Royal Navy) (d. 1996)
  • Oct 13 Werner Reinowski, German writer, born in Bernburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • Oct 14 Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress, born in Granger, Utah (d. 2003)

Person of interestJohn Kenneth Galbraith

Oct 15 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), born in Iona Station, Ontario (d. 2006)

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • Oct 16 Enver Hoxha, post-war leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania (d. 1985)
  • Oct 17 Red Rolfe, American baseball player (d. 1969)
  • Oct 19 Nils Geirr Tveitt, composer
  • Oct 19 Patrick Cairns "Spike" Hughes, British jazz musician/composer (Elegy)
  • Oct 20 Stuart Hamblen, American singer and composer (This Ole House), born in Kellyville, Texas (d. 1989)
  • Oct 21 Alexander Schneider, Vilna Lith, violinist (Budapest String Quartet)
  • Oct 21 Howard Ferguson, composer
  • Oct 22 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist
  • Oct 22 John Sutton, British actor (The Three Musketeers, Tower of London, Return of Fly), born in Rawalpindi, Punjab, British India (d. 1963)
  • Oct 22 John Gould, American humorist, essayist, and columnist (d. 2003)
  • Oct 23 Sally O'Neil, American actress (Beggar's Holiday, Moth), born in Bayonne, New Jersey (d. 1968)
  • Oct 23 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1990
  • Oct 24 John Alwyne Kitching, British zoologist (d. 1996)
  • Oct 24 John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 1993)
  • Oct 25 Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (L'histoire de Jonas), born in Belgium (d. 2004)
  • Oct 27 Lee Krasner, American abstract expressionist painter, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1984)
  • Oct 29 Stewart Myles MacPherson, Canadian-born British broadcaster (WWII), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • Oct 29 Jimmy Thomson, Scottish golfer (US Open 1935, PGA C'ship 1936 runner-up), born in North Berwick, Scotland (d. 1985)
  • Oct 30 Franco Margola, Italian composer, born in Orzinuovi, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1992)