On This Day

What Happened in October 1909

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 First Rugby Union match is played at the English RFU owned Twickenham ground; Harlequins beat Richmond, 14-10

Baseball Record

Oct 9 Ty Cobb steals home in World Series game

  • Oct 14 Pirates beat Tigers, 5-4, forces 1st full 7 game world series

Boxing Title Fight

Oct 16 In his 4th title defence Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in the 12th round at Mission St Arena, Colma, California to retain his heavyweight boxing crown

  • Oct 16 Baseball World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates beat Detroit Tigers, 8-0 at Bennett Park to clinch 4-3 series win; Tigers' third straight WS defeat
  • Oct 18 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
  • Oct 24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans

Sports History

Oct 25 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Perth: Anthony Wilding of New Zealand wins his 2nd Australasian title; beats Ernie Parker of Australia 6–1, 7–5, 6–2

Historic Event

Oct 26 Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, and former Japanese Prime Minister is shot and killed by Korean nationalist An Jung-geun in Harbin, China


Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Everett Sloane, American actor (Patsy, Citizen Kane, Enforcer), born in NYC, New York (d. 1965)
  • Oct 1 Samuel Yorty, (Mayor-LA), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • Oct 4 James B. Pritchard, American theologist and archaeologist, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1997)
  • Oct 4 Noel Chiboust, French jazz trumpeter and saxophonist, born in Thorigny-sur-Marne, France (d. 1994)
  • Oct 7 Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian classical pianist, born in Odesa, Ukraine (d. 1995)
  • Oct 7 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • Oct 7 Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
  • Oct 8 Bill Hewitt, American Pro Football HOF end (4 × First-team All-Pro; Chicago Bears, Philadelphia Eagles; one last players to not wear a helmet), born in Bay City, Michigan (d. 1947)
  • Oct 10 Florida Friebus, American actress (Dobie Gillis' mom, Bob Newhart Show), born in Auburndale, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • Oct 10 Luc van Brabant, Flemish writer and erotic poet, born in Lokoren, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Oct 10 Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2010)
  • Oct 13 Herblock [Herbert Lawrence Block], American cartoonist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)
  • Oct 13 Scoville "Toby" Browne, American jazz saxophone and clarinet player, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1994)
  • Oct 14 Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver (Indy 500), born in Lingen, Germany (d. 1938)
  • Oct 14 Kalervo Tuukkanen, Finnish composer (Karhunpyynti (The Bear Hunt)), born in Mikkeli, Finland (d. 1979)
  • Oct 14 Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter (Seven Brides for Seven Brothers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • Oct 15 Robert Trout, American newscaster (ABC), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • Oct 17 (William Randolph) "Cozy" Cole, American jazz drummer ("Topsy I"; "Topsy II"), and educator, born in East Orange, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • Oct 18 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
  • Oct 19 Robert Beatty, Canadian actor (2001: A Space Odyssey, Where Eagles Dare), born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (d. 1992)
  • Oct 19 Marguerite Perey, French physicist (d. 1975)
  • Oct 20 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese Nihonga style painter, and designer, born in Asakusa, (d. 1993)
  • Oct 22 Litz Pisk, movement teacher
  • Oct 23 Zellig S. Harris, Russian-American linguist, born in Balta, Russia (d. 1992)
  • Oct 24 Bill Carr, American athlete (Olympic gold 400m, 4 x 400m 1932), born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas (d. 1966)
  • Oct 25 Philleo Nash, US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67), born in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin (1961-67)
  • Oct 25 Whitner "Whit" Bissell, American actor (Time Machine, Soylent Green, The Magnificent Seven), born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • Oct 27 Henry "Mule" Townsend, American blues singer, guitarist, and piano player, born in Shelby, Mississippi (d. 2006)
  • Oct 28 Ādolfs Skulte, Latvian composer, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 2000)
  • Oct 28 Claude Bourdet, French human rights activist and journalist, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • Oct 28 Francis Bacon, Irish-British abstract painter (Study for a Pope), born in Dublin (d. 1992)
  • Oct 29 Douglass Montgomery, American actor (Forbidden, Harmony Lane), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1966)
  • Oct 29 Frank Wykoff, American athlete (Olympic gold 4x100m relay 1928, 32, 36), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1980)
  • Oct 30 Homi J. Bhabha, Indian nuclear physicist, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1966)

Famous Weddings

Eugene O'Neill

Oct 2 American Playwright Eugene O'Neill (20) marries 1st wife Kathleen Jenkins

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 6 Dudley Buck, American organist, composer, and music writer, dies at 70
  • Oct 13 Francisco Ferrer, Spanish anarchist and teacher, executed by firing squad at 50
  • Oct 14 Gottfred Matthison-Hansen, Danish composer, dies at 76
  • Oct 16 Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer, dies at 53
  • Oct 17 Nicola Spinelli, Italian composer, dies at 44
  • Oct 18 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy), dies at 57
  • Oct 19 Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist and criminologist, dies at 73

AssassinationItō Hirobumi

Oct 26 Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (4 terms between 1885 and 1901) and Resident-General of Korea (1905-09), assassinated at 68 by Korean nationalist An Jung-geun in Harbin, China

  • Oct 26 Itō Horiboemi, Japanese samurai, statesman and four time Prime Minister of Japan, assassinated by a Korean nationalist aged 68