On This Day

What Happened in December 1911

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Willis Carrier presents his influential "Rational Psychrometric Formulae" on air conditioning to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • Dec 7 Leslie J Stuart's musical "Betsy" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 7 National Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria
  • Dec 10 Calbraith Rogers completes 1st crossing of US by airplane in 84 days
  • Dec 10 Dutch lawyer Tobias Asser receives the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 12 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.

Heartbreak and Tragedy for Captain ScottHeartbreak and Tragedy for Captain Scott

Dec 14 Norwegian Roald Amundsen's expedition is the 1st to each the South Pole

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The British party, l-r Scott, Oates, Wilson and Evans reach Amundsen's tent. Photo: Henry Bowers/British Library
The British party, l-r Scott, Oates, Wilson and Evans reach Amundsen's tent. Photo: Henry Bowers/British Library
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 Frank Wedekind's "Oaha, die Satire der Satire" premieres in Munich

Actor and Playwright Frank Wedekind
Actor and Playwright
Frank Wedekind
  • Dec 23 Opera "I Gioielli Della Madonna" is produced (Berlin)
  • Dec 25 Edward Knoblock's "Kismet" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 29 Proclamation restores "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins
  • Dec 29 San Francisco Symphony forms

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 29 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Dec 29 Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty
  • Dec 30 English cricketer Sydney Barnes takes 5-6 in 1st 11 overs v Australia at MCG

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 31 Marie Curie receives her second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, for her work with radioactivity

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Walter Alston, American Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman and manager (Brooklyn/LA Dodgers), born in Venice, Ohio (d. 1984)
  • Dec 1 Calvin Griffith, Canadian baseball team owner (Washington Senators/Minnesota Twins 1955-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1999)
  • Dec 1 Franz Binder, Austrian soccer striker and manager (19 caps Austria, 9 caps Germany; Rapid Vienna), born in St. Pölten, Austria (d. 1989)
  • Dec 3 Nino Rota [Giovanni Rota Rinaldi], Italian classical and film score composer (Il cappello di paglia di Firenze; The Godfather (I & II; 16 Fellini films), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1979)
  • Dec 5 Alfred Manessier, French painter (leaded windows), born in Saint-Ouen, Somme, France (d. 1993)
  • Dec 5 Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist and classical composer, born in Sosnowiec, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (d. 2000)
  • Dec 6 Alfred James Broomhall, British Protestant Christian medical missionary to China, born in Shandong, China (d. 1994)
  • Dec 8 Lee J. Cobb [Leo Jacoby], American actor (Virginian, 12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • Dec 8 Nikos Gatsos, Greek poet and lyricist, born in Asea, Greece (d. 1992)

Person of interestBroderick Crawford

Dec 9 Broderick Crawford, American actor (All the King's Men, Highway Patrol), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)

  • Dec 9 Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese army officer and educator, born in Toyama, Japan (d. 2007)
  • Dec 10 Chet Huntley, American newscaster (NBC Huntley-Brinkley Report), born in Cardwell, Montana (d. 1974)
  • Dec 11 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2006)

Person of interestKenneth Patchen

Dec 13 Kenneth Patchen, American poet and novelist (Cloth of the Tempest), born in Niles, Ohio (d. 1972)

Poet and Novelist Kenneth Patchen
Poet and Novelist
Kenneth Patchen
  • Dec 13 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, born in Skedsmo, Norway (d. 1999)
  • Dec 13 Buzz Borries, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Navy 1932–34), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1969)
  • Dec 14 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Federal Trust), born in Kraslice, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • Dec 14 Spike Jones [Lindley Armstrong Jones], American bandleader (Der Fueher's Face, Cocktails For Two), born in Long Beach, California (d. 1965)
  • Dec 14 Hans von Ohain, German-American aerospace engineer, born in Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt German Empire (d. 1998)
  • Dec 15 Stan Kenton, American musician, jazz pianist, arranger and bandleader (Artistry In Rhythm), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 1979)
  • Dec 15 Nicholas P. Dallis, American psychiatrist and comic strip writer (Rex Morgan, M.D.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Dec 17 William Roerick, American actor (The Wasp Woman, Guiding Light), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Dec 18 Helen Vlachos, journalist
  • Dec 18 Jules Dassin, American film director (The Naked City; Night And The City; Rififi), blacklisted during McCarthy era, born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • Dec 18 Peg Leg Sam [Arthur Jackson], American country blues harmonica player, singer and comedian, born in Jonesville, South Carolina (d. 1977)
  • Dec 20 Hortense Calisher, American novelist (Arts & Letters 1967), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 21 Josh Gibson, American Negro League baseball legend (hit 800+ HRs), born in Buena Vista, Georgia (d. 1947)
  • Dec 21 Paul Burkhard, Swiss composer, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1977)
  • Dec 22 Grote Reber, American radio astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope), born in Wheaton, Illinois (d. 2002)
  • Dec 23 James Gregory, American actor (My Favorite Martian, Barney Miller), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2002)
  • Dec 23 Niels Jerne, Danish immunologist (1984 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Dec 24 Eric Briault, educationalist
  • Dec 24 Malcolm MacEwen, Scottish conservationist & communist activist, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Dec 25 Burne Hogarth, strip-cartoon artist
  • Dec 25 Louise Bourgeois, French American artist (Femme Maison), born in Paris, France (d, 2010)
  • Dec 26 Arsenio Lacson, Filipino politician and sportswriter (d. 1962)
  • Dec 26 Steve Kordek, pinball machine designer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Dec 27 Anna Russell, English music satirist and composer, born in London (d. 2006)
  • Dec 27 Endre Szervanszky, composer [or Jan 1]
  • Dec 28 Phani Majumdar, filmmaker
  • Dec 28 Sam Levenson, American humorist (Sam Levenson Show, Masquerade Party), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 30 Jeanette Nolan, American actress (Richard Boone Show, Virginian), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1998)
  • Dec 31 Dal Stivens, Australian novelist, born in Blayney, Australia (d. 1997)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 7 William Griggs, English inventor (photo chromo lithography), dies at 79
  • Dec 10 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, dies at 94
  • Dec 11 Thomas Ball, American sculptor, painter and musician, dies at 92
  • Dec 13 Reggie Duff, Australian cricket batsman (23 Tests; 104 on debut), dies of alcoholism at 33
  • Dec 18 Alberto Randegger, Italian composer, dies at 79
  • Dec 19 John Bigelow, American statesman and author, dies at 94
  • Dec 23 Karl Hoschna, Bohemian born Tin Pan Alley-era composer (Every Little Movement), dies at 34