On This Day

What Happened in October 1912

Historical Events

Historic Event

Oct 2 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

  • Oct 5 Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Athletics, 3 - 0 for their 105th win of the MLB season, an AL record until 1927 Yankees 110
  • Oct 5 NY Highlanders last game at Hilltop stadium; beat Washington, 8-6; Brooklyn Dodgers last game at Washington Park; lose 1-0 v NY Giants
  • Oct 6 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • Oct 7 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • Oct 8 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • Oct 14 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • Oct 14 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government

Sports History

Oct 15 Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield

Music History

Oct 16 Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres at the Berlin Choralion-Saal sung by Albertine Zehme

  • Oct 16 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat NY Giants, 3-2 at Fenway Park to clinch a 4-3-1 series win; series extended to 8 games as one game tied due to darkness
  • Oct 17 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • Oct 18 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey

Sports History

Oct 18 Black boxer Jack Johnson arrested for violating the Mann Act for "transporting women across state lines for immoral purposes" due to his relationship with white woman Lucille Cameron, allegedly a prostitute. Later convicted by an all-white jury and sentenced to a year in prison.

  • Oct 19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • Oct 20 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • Oct 20 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
  • Oct 26 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • Oct 26 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Johnny Meijer, Dutch accordionist known as the "King of Accordions" (Body & Soul), born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Oct 2 Eric Charles Twelves Wilson, English British Army officer (awarded Victoria Cross), born in Sandown, Isle of Wight, England (d. 2008)
  • Oct 3 Gabriel Julian, American pianist (Bobby Byrne Orchestra), arranger (Glenn Miller), and band leader (Alabama Cavaliers Jazz Ensemble), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • Oct 4 Alfonso Letelier (-Llona), Chilean composer and educator (El Hombre ante la Ciencia - (Man Before Science)), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1994)
  • Oct 4 John de Mol, Dutch accordianist/producer (Baantjer, Pril Geluk)
  • Oct 5 Fritz Fischer, German physician and Nazi war criminal, born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • Oct 6 Anthony Cuthbert Baines, English music scholar (d. 1997)
  • Oct 6 Joop Zwart, Dutch political activist and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Oct 7 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • Oct 9 Henri Dillon, French composer (Arlequin), born in Angers, France (d. 1954)
  • Oct 10 Charles Henry Madge, English poet and founder of Mass-Observation, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • Oct 13 Jan Peeters, Dutch watercolor painter, stained glass, tile, and monument artist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1992)
  • Oct 13 Hugo Weisgall, American composer (4 Impressions), born in Ivančice, Czech Republic (d. 1997)
  • Oct 13 Cornel Wilde [Kornel Lajos Weisz], Hungarian-American actor (Sword of Lancelot, High Sierra, 5th Musketeer), born in Prievidza, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Oct 14 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex), born in Chemnitz, Saxony (d. 1984)
  • Oct 14 Jack Crapp, English cricketer (England batsman 1948-49), born in St Columb Major, Cornwall, England (d. 1981)
  • Oct 14 Jack Young, English cricketer (Middlesex & England slow left-armer post-WW2), born in Paddington, London (d. 1993)
  • Oct 17 John Paul I [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978), born in Canale d'Agordo, Belluno, Veneto region of Northern Italy
  • Oct 21 (Carlos) "Don" Byas, American swing and be-bop jazz saxophonist, and bandleader, born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 1972)
  • Oct 21 Sir Georg Solti [György Stern], Hungarian-British conductor, winner of 31 Grammy awards (Chicago Symphony, 1969-91), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1997)
  • Oct 22 Frances Drake [Dean], American actress (Mad Love, The Invisible Ray), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Oct 25 Jack Kent Cooke, Canadian entrepreneur, NFL team owner (Washington Redskins), born in Hamilton, Canada (d. 1997)
  • Oct 25 Minnie Pearl [Sarah Ophelia Colley], American country comedienne (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw), born in Centerville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • Oct 26 Don Siegel, American film director (Escape from Alcatraz, Shootist), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • Oct 27 Conlon Nancarrow, American-Mexican composer, often of player piano music (Soundings 4), born in Texarkana, Arkansas (d. 1997)
  • Oct 27 Gösta Törner, Swedish hot jazz and session trumpeter and bandleader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1982)
  • Oct 28 Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (pioneer in research linking smoking to health problems), born in Hampton, Middlesex, England (d. 2005)
  • Oct 30 Preston Lockwood [Reginald], British actor (Time Bandits, Jeeves and Wooster), born in West Ham, Essex (d. 1996)
  • Oct 31 Dale Evans, American actress and singer (Roy Rogers Show), born in Uvalde, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Oct 31 Ollie Johnston, American animator and the last living member of Disney's Nine Old Men, born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2008)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Mary Frances Allitsen, Nritish mezzo-soprano, voice coach, and composer (Psalm 27: "The Lord is My Light"), dies at 63
  • Oct 3 Guido Papini, Italian violinist and composer, dies at 65
  • Oct 4 Gen Zeledon, Nicaraguan opponent of US occupation, is executed
  • Oct 6 Auguste Beernaert, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium (1884-94) and Nobel Peace Prize laureare 1909, dies at 83
  • Oct 8 Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer, dies at 88
  • Oct 9 Millie & Christine McCoy, American Siamese twins born slaves, die at 61
  • Oct 19 E. B. Dwyer, Austalian-born cricketer (Sussex bowler 1906-09), dies at 36
  • Oct 24 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • Oct 30 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), dies at 57
  • Oct 30 Jan Karol Gall, Polish conductor and composer of mostly vocal pieces (Mizerna, cicha), dies at 55