What Happened in October 1912

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 5 Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Athletics, 3 - 0 for their 105th win of the MLB season, an AL record until 1927 Yankees 110
  • Oct 5 NY Highlanders last game at Hilltop stadium; beat Washington, 8-6; Brooklyn Dodgers last game at Washington Park; lose 1-0 v NY Giants
  • Oct 6 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • Oct 7 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • Oct 8 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • Oct 14 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • Oct 14 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • Oct 15 Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres at the Berlin Choralion-Saal sung by Albertine Zehme

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Oct 16 Boston beats NY Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series
  • Oct 17 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • Oct 18 The Treaty of Lausanne ends the Tripolitan War between Turkey and Italy
  • Oct 18 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • Oct 19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • Oct 20 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • Oct 20 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
  • Oct 26 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • Oct 26 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Eric Charles Twelves Wilson, English British Army officer (awarded Victoria Cross), born in Sandown, Isle of Wight, England (d. 2008)
  • Oct 3 Gabriel Julian, original pianist of Bobby Byrne Orchestra, arranger for Glenn Miller and founder Alabama Cavaliers Jazz Ens
  • Oct 4 Alfonso Letelier-Llonas, composer
  • Oct 4 John de Mol, Dutch accordianist/producer (Baantjer, Pril Geluk)
  • Oct 5 Fritz Fischer, German physician and Nazi war criminal, born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • Oct 6 Anthony Cuthbert Baines, writer/curator
  • Oct 6 Joop Zwart, Dutch political activist and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Oct 7 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • Oct 10 Charles Henry Madge, English poet and founder of Mass-Observation, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • Oct 13 Hugo Weisgall, American composer (4 Impressions), born in Ivančice, Czech Republic (d. 1997)
  • Oct 13 Cornel Wilde [Kornel Lajos Weisz], Hungarian-American actor (Sword of Lancelot, High Sierra, 5th Musketeer), born in Prievidza, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Oct 14 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex), born in Chemnitz, Saxony (d. 1984)
  • Oct 14 Jack Crapp, English cricketer (England batsman 1948-49), born in St Columb Major, Cornwall, England (d. 1981)
  • Oct 14 Jack Young, English cricketer (Middlesex & England slow left-armer post-WW2), born in Paddington, London (d. 1993)
  • Oct 17 John Paul I [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978), born in Canale d'Agordo, Belluno, Veneto region of Northern Italy
  • Oct 21 Carlos Don Byas, US jazz saxophonist
  • Oct 21 Georg Solti, Hungarian-born conductor (Fidelio), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1997)
  • Oct 22 Frances Drake [Dean], American actress (Mad Love, The Invisible Ray), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Oct 25 Jack Kent Cooke, Canadian entrepreneur, NFL team owner (Washington Redskins), born in Hamilton, Canada (d. 1997)
  • Oct 25 Minnie Pearl [Sarah Ophelia Colley], American country comedienne (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw), born in Centerville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • Oct 26 Don Siegel, American film director (Escape from Alcatraz, Shootist), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • Oct 27 Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (Soundings 4), born in Texarkana, Arkansas (d. 1997)
  • Oct 28 Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)
  • Oct 30 Preston Lockwood [Reginald], British actor (Time Bandits, Jeeves and Wooster), born in West Ham, Essex (d. 1996)
  • Oct 31 Dale Evans, American actress and singer (Roy Rogers Show), born in Uvalde, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Oct 31 Ollie Johnston, American animator and the last living member of Disney's Nine Old Men, born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2008)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Guido Papini, Italian violinist and composer, dies at 65
  • Oct 4 Gen Zeledon, Nicaraguan opponent of US occupation, is executed
  • Oct 6 Auguste Beernaert, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium (1884-94) and Nobel Peace Prize laureare 1909, dies at 83
  • Oct 8 Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer, dies at 88
  • Oct 9 Millie & Christine McCoy, American Siamese twins born slaves, die at 61
  • Oct 19 E. B. Dwyer, Austalian-born cricketer (Sussex bowler 1906-09), dies at 36
  • Oct 24 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • Oct 30 Jan Karol Gali, composer, dies at 56
  • Oct 30 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), dies at 57