On This Day

What Happened in August 1913

Historical Events

  • Aug 3 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses

Royal CoronationA Royal Fantasy!

Aug 13 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.

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Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist
Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist
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  • Aug 13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 26 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Defending champion Maurice McLoughlin beats R. Norris Williams 6-4, 5-7, 6-3, 6-1
  • Aug 27 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Aug 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 30 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
  • Aug 31 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Aug 31 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Jerome Moross, American composer (Frankie & Johnny), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1983)
  • Aug 3 Mel Tolkin, Ukrainian television comedy writer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 2007)
  • Aug 4 Wesley Addy, American actor (Kiss Me Deadly, Bostonians, Loving), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1996)
  • Aug 4 Robert Hayden, African-American poet (Those Winter Sundays), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • Aug 7 George Van Eps, American seven-string jazz guitarist, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 1998)
  • Aug 8 Axel Stordahl, American arranger & orchestra leader (Frank Sinatra Show), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1963)
  • Aug 8 Daan Wildschut, painter/glazenier/author
  • Aug 8 Robert Stafford, American politician (Sen-R-VT, 1971-88), born in Rutland, Vermont (d. 2006)
  • Aug 9 Harry Mills, American baritone singer (Mills Brothers - Paper Doll), born in Piqua, Ohio (d. 1982)
  • Aug 9 Herman Talmadge, American politician (70th Governor of Georgia), born in McRae, Georgia (d. 2002)
  • Aug 10 Noah Beery Jr, American actor (Rockford Files, Quest, Doc Elliot, Gung Ho!, Heaven With a Gun), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Aug 11 Angus Wilson, England, writer (Mulberry Bush-1955)
  • Aug 11 Paul Dupuis, French Canadian actor (The Fortress; Passport to Pimlico), born in Montréal, Québec (d. 1976)
  • Aug 11 Bob Scheffing, American professional baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • Aug 12 Kurt Kaszner [Serwicher], Austrian actor (Kiss Me Kate, Lili, Casino Royale), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1979)
  • Aug 13 Anatoly Bogatyrev, Belarusian composer, born in Vitebsk, Belarus (d. 2003)
  • Aug 13 Francisco Escudero, Basque composer, born in San Sebastián, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain (d. 2002)
  • Aug 13 Liesbeth Askonas, concert agent, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1996)
  • Aug 13 Albert Oram, Baron Oram, British Labour politician, born in Winchester, England (d. 1999)
  • Aug 13 Makarios III [Michail Moeskos], Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, born in Panayia, Paphos, Cyprus (d. 1977)
  • Aug 13 Anna Mae Winburn, African American band leader of all female band (International Sweethearts of Rhythm), born in Port Royal, Tennessee (d. 1999)
  • Aug 13 John Facenda, American sportscaster (NFL Action), born in Portsmouth, Virginia
  • Aug 14 Fred Davis, English snooker player (World C'ship 1948-49, 51), born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire (d. 1998)
  • Aug 14 Paul Dean, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals), born in Lucas, Arkansas (d. 1981)

Person of interestMenachem Begin

Aug 16 Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel (1977-80, 81-83) and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Brest, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1992)

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • Aug 17 Mark Felt, American FBI official and Watergate secret informant known as "Deep Throat", born in Twin Falls, Idaho (d. 2008)
  • Aug 17 Rudy York, American baseball player (Detroit Tigers), born in Ragland, Alabama (d. 1970)
  • Aug 17 Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, Argentine racing driver (d. 1989)
  • Aug 19 Walter B Jones, (Rep-D-NC, 1966-92)
  • Aug 19 Richard Simmons, American actor (Sergeant Preston of the Yukon), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 2003)
  • Aug 19 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
  • Aug 21 Cornelius Johnson, American high jumper (Olympic gold 1936), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1946)
  • Aug 21 Diana Churchill, English actress (Spider, Sally Bishop, Housemaster), born in Wembley, England (d. 1994)
  • Aug 21 Victor Rosow, Russian dramatist, born in Yaroslavl (d. 2004)
  • Aug 22 Robert Schollum, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1987)
  • Aug 22 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)
  • Aug 22 Robert Martineau, British bishop of Blackburn (d. 1999)
  • Aug 23 Bob Crosby, American jazz singer and bandleader (Bob-Cats), born in Spokane, Washington (d. 1993)
  • Aug 23 Luis Felipe Ramón y Rivera, Venezuelan musician and composer, born in San Cristóbal, Táchira, Venezuela (d. 1993)
  • Aug 23 Stanley Kitchen, British chartered accountant
  • Aug 24 Dorothy Comingore [Linda Winters], American actress (Citizen Kane), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1971)
  • Aug 25 Walt Kelly, American cartoonist and animator (Pogo), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1973)
  • Aug 25 Don DeFore, American actor (George-Hazel, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1993)
  • Aug 26 Cees de Lange, Dutch conferencier
  • Aug 27 Arthur Benfield, head of Cheshire CID, born in Ashton Upon Mersey, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 27 Donald M. MacKinnon, Scottish philosopher, born in Oban, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • Aug 27 Stewart Crawford, British diplomat
  • Aug 28 Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist essayist/dramatist, born in Thamesville, Ontario (d. 1995)
  • Aug 28 John Terence Reese, British bridge master, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 28 Lindsay Hassett, Australian cricket batsman and captain (43 Tests; 3,073 runs @ 46.56; 10 x 100s) and broadcaster (ABC 1956-81), born in Geelong, Australia (d. 1993)
  • Aug 28 Richard Tucker [Reuben Ticker], American tenor (NY Met Opera), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1975)
  • Aug 29 Len Butterfield, New Zealand cricketer (NZ all-rounder, Test), born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1999)
  • Aug 30 Thomas F. Torrance, Scottish Protestant theologist, born in Chengdu, Sichuan, China (d. 2007)
  • Aug 31 Michiel P Gorsira, 1st Dutch Antillean in charge of Curacao (1951-67)
  • Aug 31 Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer, founded Jodrell Bank Observatory, born in Oldland Common, Bristol (d. 2012)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 7 David Popper, composer, dies at 70
  • Aug 13 F August Bebel, German social-democrat, dies
  • Aug 14 Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (automatic dishwasher), dies of a stroke at 74