On This Day

What Happened in December 1913

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)

Historic InventionModel T

Dec 1 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford
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The 1910 Model T Ford
The 1910 Model T Ford
  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 6 White Sox beat Giants 9-4 in exhibition game in Tokyo
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco
  • Dec 9 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris
  • Dec 9 John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 10 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore becomes the first non-European to be presented with the Nobel Prize for Literature for "Gitanjali"

  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • Dec 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • Dec 13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • Dec 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • Dec 15 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 16 Charlie Chaplin begins his film career at Keystone for $150 a week

Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker
Charlie Chaplin
  • Dec 18 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • Dec 19 Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 rounds for heavyweight boxing title
  • Dec 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 26 Ambrose Bierce’s last known communication, a letter to his close friend Blanche Partington

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Dec 29 1st movie serial "Adventures of Kathlyn" premieres in Chicago
  • Dec 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestMary Martin

Dec 1 Mary Martin, American actress (Peter Pan) and Larry Hagman's mom, born in Weatherford, Texas (d. 1990)

Actress Mary Martin
Actress
Mary Martin
  • Dec 3 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish politician and resistance fighter, born in Diest, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • Dec 4 Robert Adler, Austrian-American inventor (remote control for television), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2007)
  • Dec 6 John Mikaelsson, Swedish race walker (Olympic gold 10k 1948, 52), born in Kristinehamn, Sweden (d. 1987)
  • Dec 6 Eleanor Holm, American 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic gold 1932), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • Dec 8 Delmore Schwartz, American poet, short story writer and critic (Shenandoah), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1966)
  • Dec 8 Paul Félix, Flemish architect (Sun Song), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • Dec 10 Morton Gould, American prolific composer (Verdun), born in Richmond Hill, New York (d. 1996)
  • Dec 10 Harry Locke, British actor (Passport to Pimlico, Town on Trial), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • Dec 11 Jean Marais, French actor (Donkey Skin, Orpheus), born Cherbourg, Manche, France (d. 1998)
  • Dec 12 Eve Lister, British film and television actress (No Limit, Hyde Park), born in Brighton, Sussex, England (d. 1997)
  • Dec 12 Hal Dickinson, American singer (Modernaires), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1970)
  • Dec 12 Stanley Bate, English composer, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1959)
  • Dec 12 Ferenc Csik, Hungarian swimmer (Olympics gold medal 100m freestyle 1936), born in Kaposvár, Hungary (d. 1945)

Person of interestArchie Moore

Dec 13 Archie Moore, American light-heavyweight boxing champion (1952-60), born in Benoit, Mississippi, (d. 1998)

Boxing Champion Archie Moore
Boxing Champion
Archie Moore
  • Dec 13 Jimmy Carroll, American pianist (Most Important People), born in NYC, New York (d. 1972)
  • Dec 13 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian and director of British Museum (1974-76), born in London (d. 1994)
  • Dec 15 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (The Book of the Dead), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • Dec 15 Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager, born in Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1985)
  • Dec 18 Alfred Bester, American sci-fi author (Decievers, Starlight)
  • Dec 18 Donald Phillips, British pianist and composer (Spanish Fiesta, Concerto In Jazz), born in Dalston, London (d. 1994)
  • Dec 18 Lynn Bari [Margaret Schuyler Fisher], American actress (Shock, Nocturne, 6 Gun Law), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1989)
  • Dec 18 Saburo Takata, Japanese composer, born in Nagoya (d. 2000)

Person of interestWilly Brandt

Dec 18 Willy Brandt [Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm], German statesman, leader of the SPD party (1964-1987) and Chancellor of West Germany (1969-74, Nobel 1971), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1992)

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • Dec 18 Ray Meyer, American basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • Dec 21 Raich Carter, English soccer star and cricketer, born in Hendon, Sunderland (d. 1994)
  • Dec 22 Anthony Barber Doncaster, English bookseller, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • Dec 23 Hans Henkemans, composer
  • Dec 23 Leo A Ketelaars, Dutch oratorio vocalist
  • Dec 24 Karl Michael Komma, German composer & music publicist, born in Aš, Czech Republic
  • Dec 25 Henri Nannen, journalist
  • Dec 25 Tony Martin [Alvin Morris], American singer (It's a Blue World, To Each), born in San Francisco, California
  • Dec 25 Candy Candido [Jonathan Joseph Candido], American actor and radio performer (Peter Pan, The Great Mouse Detective), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1999)
  • Dec 26 Frank Swift, English soccer goalkeeper and journalist (19 caps; Manchester City 376 games; died Munich air disaster), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1958)

Person of interestElizabeth Smart

Dec 27 Elizabeth Smart, Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • Dec 28 Lou Jacobi, comedian (Dean Martin Show, Melba), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Dec 29 Laurence Gower, English lawyer & academic, born in Forest Gate, London (d. 1997)
  • Dec 30 Svend Simon Schultz, Danish composer, born in Nykøbing Falster (d. 1998)
  • Dec 30 Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), dies at 49
  • Dec 7 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX, dies at 85

Person of interestMenelik II

Dec 12 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1889-1913) and Negus/King of Shewa (1866–89), dies at 69

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • Dec 17 Stefano Gobatti, Italian composer, dies at 61
  • Dec 23 James Middleton, cricketer (24 wkt of lefty pace S Af 1895-1903), dies