What Happened in February 1913

Historical Events

Contract of Interest

Feb 1 American all-round athlete Jim Thorpe signs to play baseball with the NY Giants; unlike his other sporting endeavours the Olympic-medal winner's career in MLB was uninspiring (1913-19)

Historic Event

Feb 2 American poet Joyce Kilmer writes his famous poem "Trees" in Mahwah, New Jersey

  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 3 Golden and Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in New York City
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 Beginning of the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City, with revolts leading to 3,000 deaths
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

Agreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President William Howard Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Historic Event

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Historic Event

Feb 18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Australian capital Canberra
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot
  • Feb 2 Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (Soldaten og Jenny, Det gælder os alle), born in Ganløse, Denmark (d. 1985)
  • Feb 3 Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)

Rosa Parks

Feb 4 Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, born in Tuskegee, Alabama (d. 2005)

  • Feb 5 Rozelle Claxton, pianist/arranger
  • Feb 6 John Lund, American actor (High Society, Wackiest Ship in the Army), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1992)

Mary Leakey

Feb 6 Mary Leakey, British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London (d. 1996)

  • Feb 8 John Grandy, British RAF-marshal, born in London, England (d. 2004)
  • Feb 9 Erskine Butterfield American swing and boogie-woogie jazz pianist, singer, and composer, born in Syracuse, New York (d. 1961)
  • Feb 9 Leo van der Kar, Dutch businessman and sport benefactor (Sports funds)
  • Feb 10 Douglas Slocombe, British cinematographer (Kind Hearts and Coronets, Raiders of the Lost Ark), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Feb 10 Philippa Bevans, British actress (Notorious Landlady, World of Henry Orient), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • Feb 10 Ragnhild Marie Hatton, Norwegian historian, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1995)
  • Feb 11 Lucio Diestro San Pedro, composer
  • Feb 12 Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of Emperor Pedro I
  • Feb 13 Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest
  • Feb 14 Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
  • Feb 14 James Pike, American bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Feb 14 Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
  • Feb 14 Mel Allen, American sportscaster (voice of NY Yankees), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Feb 14 Woody Hayes, American College Football Hall of Fame coach (National C'ship 1954, 57, 61, 68, 70; Ohio State), born in Clifton, Ohio (d. 1987)
  • Feb 15 Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (grandmaster 1952), born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1997)
  • Feb 15 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • Feb 17 Oskar Danon, Yugoslav conductor (Belgrade Opera, 1944-65), born in Sarajevo, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Bosnia and Herzegovina) (d. 2009)
  • Feb 17 Rene Leibowitz, Polish-born French composer (d. 1972)
  • Feb 18 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • Feb 19 Alvin Derold Etler, American oboist, and composer, born in Battle Creek, Iowa (d. 1973)
  • Feb 20 Mary Durack, Australian author and historian (Kings in Grass Castles and Keep Him My Country), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Feb 20 Rex Tucker, TV writer/director
  • Feb 20 Tommy Henrich, American baseball utility (MLB All Star 1942, 1947–50; World Series 1938, 41, 47, 49, 51; NY Yankees), born in Massillon, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • Feb 21 Glenn M. Anderson, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1969-93), born in Hawthorne, California (d. 1994)
  • Feb 21 Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver (d. 1997)
  • Feb 22 George "Buddy" Tate, American jazz saxophonist, born in Sherman, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Feb 23 Charles Leonard, American pentathlete (Olympic-1936)
  • Feb 23 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Feb 24 Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
  • Feb 25 Gert Fröbe [Karl Gerhart Fröbe], German actor (Goldfinger, Lover's Wood, Upper Hand), born in Saxony, German Empire (d. 1988)
  • Feb 25 James "Jim" Backus, American actor (Mr Magoo, Rebel Without a Cause, Gilligan's Island), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1989)
  • Feb 26 George Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini), born in Loughton, England (d. 1991)
  • Feb 26 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • Feb 27 Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
  • Feb 27 Irwin Shaw, American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • Feb 27 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 10 Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek athlete (Olympic gold standing long jump, bronze high jump 1912, 2 x silver 1908), dies from meningitis at 24
  • Feb 18 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 80
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), dies at 55
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • Feb 22 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), assassinated in military coup at 39
  • Feb 22 Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a military coup
  • Feb 23 Jimmy Sinclair, cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test South African career), dies
  • Feb 26 Bud Fowler, American Baseball HOF executive (earliest known African-American player in organized pro baseball), dies at 54
  • Feb 26 Felix Draeseke, German composer (Christus. Mysterium in a Prelude and Three Oratorios), dies from a stroke at 77
  • Feb 27 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • Feb 28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia