On This Day

What Happened in February 1913

Historical Events


AgreementContract of Interest

Feb 1 American all-round athlete Jim Thorpe signs a contract to play baseball with the New York Giants; unlike his other sporting endeavours the Olympic-medal winner's career in MLB was uninspiring

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 American poet Joyce Kilmer writes his famous poem "Trees" in Mahwah, New Jersey

  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 3 Golden and Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in New York City
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Australian capital Canberra
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot
  • Feb 2 Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (Soldaten og Jenny, Det gælder os alle), born in Ganløse, Denmark (d. 1985)
  • Feb 3 Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)

Person of interestRosa Parks

Feb 4 Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, born in Tuskegee, Alabama (d. 2005)

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • Feb 5 Rozelle Claxton, pianist/arranger
  • Feb 6 John Lund, American actor (High Society, Wackiest Ship in the Army), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1992)

Person of interestMary Leakey

Feb 6 Mary Leakey, British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London (d. 1996)

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • Feb 8 John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal
  • Feb 9 Leo van der Kar, masseur/businessman/founder (Sports funds)
  • Feb 10 Philippa Bevans, British actress (Notorious Landlady, World of Henry Orient), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • Feb 10 Ragnhild Marie Hatton, Norwegian historian, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1995)
  • Feb 10 Douglas Slocombe, British cinematographer (Kind Hearts and Coronets, Raiders of the Lost Ark), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Feb 11 Lucio Diestro San Pedro, composer
  • Feb 12 Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of Emperor Pedro I
  • Feb 13 Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant
  • Feb 13 Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest
  • Feb 14 Woody Hayes, American College Football Hall of Fame coach (National C'ship 1954, 57, 61, 68, 70; Ohio State), born in Clifton, Ohio (d. 1987)
  • Feb 14 Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
  • Feb 14 James Pike, American bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Feb 14 Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
  • Feb 14 Mel Allen, American sportscaster (voice of NY Yankees), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Feb 15 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • Feb 15 Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (d. 1997)
  • Feb 17 Oskar Danon, Yugoslav composer, born in Sarajevo (d. 2009)
  • Feb 17 Rene Leibowitz, Polish-born French composer (d. 1972)
  • Feb 18 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • Feb 19 Alvin Derold Etler, composer
  • Feb 20 Jozef Kresanek, composer
  • Feb 20 Mary Durack, Australian author and historian (Kings in Grass Castles and Keep Him My Country), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Feb 20 Rex Tucker, TV writer/director
  • Feb 20 Tommy Henrich, American baseball utility (MLB All Star 1942, 1947–50; World Series 1938, 41, 47, 49, 51; NY Yankees), born in Massillon, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • Feb 21 Glenn M Anderson, (Rep-D-CA, 1969- )
  • Feb 21 Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver (d. 1997)
  • Feb 22 "Buddy" Tate, American jazz saxophonist, born in Sherman, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Feb 23 Charles Leonard, American pentathelete (Olympic-1936)
  • Feb 23 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Feb 24 Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
  • Feb 25 Gert Fröbe [Karl Gerhart Fröbe], German actor (Goldfinger, Lover's Wood, Upper Hand), born in Saxony, German Empire (d. 1998)
  • Feb 25 James "Jim" Backus, American actor (Mr Magoo, Rebel Without a Cause, Gilligan's Island), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1989)
  • Feb 26 George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
  • Feb 26 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • Feb 27 Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
  • Feb 27 Irwin Shaw, American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • Feb 27 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 10 Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek athlete (Olympic gold standing long jump, bronze high jump 1912, 2 x silver 1908), dies from meningitis at 24
  • Feb 18 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 80
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • Feb 22 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), assassinated in military coup at 39
  • Feb 22 Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a military coup
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), dies at 55
  • Feb 23 Jimmy Sinclair, cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test South African career), dies
  • Feb 26 Felix Draeseke, composer, dies at 77
  • Feb 27 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • Feb 28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia