On This Day

What Happened in January 1913

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 US Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 1 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Hastings, NZ: Irishman James Cecil Parke beats Alfred Beamish of England 3-6, 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 7-5
  • Jan 2 National Woman's Party forms

Historic Event

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

  • Jan 6 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7 William M. Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 8 Frank Chance becomes NY Yankees manager
  • Jan 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

Historic Event

Jan 12 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the newspaper Social Democrat

  • Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France

Historic Event

Jan 21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time

Coup d'état

Jan 23 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government, assassinating Minister of War Nazim Pasha

Historic Event

Jan 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Olympic Games

Jan 26 Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing 2 seasons of semi-professional baseball before competing in the Olympics

  • Jan 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
  • Jan 2 Ernest Sidey, British air marshal
  • Jan 2 Gardner Read, American composer (Quiet Music for Strings; Dance of the Locomotives), and pedagogue (Boston University, 1948-78), born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • Jan 2 Juanita E Jackson Mitchell, US head (NAACP)
  • Jan 2 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist
  • Jan 2 Anna Lee [Joan Boniface Winnifrith], British actress (General Hospital, How Green Was My Valley), born in Ightham, Kent, England (d. 2004)
  • Jan 4 Malietoa Tanumafili II, King of West-Samoa (1962- )
  • Jan 5 Jack Haig [John Cecil Coppin], English actor ('Allo, Allo!), born in London, England (d. 1989)
  • Jan 6 Edward Gierek, Polish communist politician, born in Porąbka, Poland (d. 2001)

Loretta Young

Jan 6 Loretta Young, American actress (Farmer's Daughter, Stranger), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2000)

  • Jan 6 Tom Brown, American actor (Buck Privates Come Home, In Old Chicago), born in NYC, New York (d. 1990)
  • Jan 7 Francis De Wolff, British character actor (A Christmas Carol, From Russia With Love), born in Essex, England (d. 1984)
  • Jan 7 Shirley Ross [Bernice Maude Gaunt], American actress (Cafe Society, Prison Farm, Waikiki Wedding), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1975)
  • Jan 7 Johnny Mize, American Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman (10-time MLB All Star), born in Demorest, Georgia (d. 1993)
  • Jan 8 Horace Smith, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (1 Test; lone wicket off first ball), born in Toowoomba, Australia (d. 1986)
  • Jan 9 Dr. Hepcat [Albert Lavada Durst], American blues pianist, born in Austin, Texas (d. 1995)
  • Jan 9 Peter John Norton, British navy officer, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 2004)

Richard Nixon

Jan 9 Richard Nixon, American politician (37th US President (Republican 1969-74; Vice-President, 1953-61; US Senator from California, 1950-53) and navy veteran, born in Yorba Linda, California (d. 1994)

  • Jan 10 Gustav Husak, Slovak politician & president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1991)
  • Jan 10 Haywood Frank Henry, American jazz baritone saxophonist, born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 1994)
  • Jan 10 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician, born in Çorrush, Albania (d. 1981)
  • Jan 14 Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle), born in Wahoo, Nebraska (d. 2007)
  • Jan 15 Lloyd Bridges, American actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane!), born in San Leandro, California (d. 1998)
  • Jan 15 Miriam Hyde, Australian composer, born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 2005)
  • Jan 15 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • Jan 17 Werenfried [Flip] van Straaten, founder (Oostpriesterhulp)
  • Jan 17 Yuvraj of Patiala, cricketer (scored 24 & 60 in only Test India v Eng)
  • Jan 18 Giannis "Yannis" Papaioannou, Greek musician and composer born in Kios, Ottoman Empire (now Gemlik, Turkey) (d. 1972)
  • Jan 19 Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author
  • Jan 19 Anthony Dexter [Walter Fleischmann], Canadian actor (The Phantom Planet, Captain John Smith and Pocahontas), born in Talmage, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • Jan 19 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • Jan 19 "Minnesota Fats", American billiards player (d. 1996)
  • Jan 22 Verdina Shlonsky, Israeli pianist and avant-garde composer, born in Kremenchug, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • Jan 22 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • Jan 22 Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)

Adrian Quist

Jan 23 Adrian Quist, Australian tennis player, analyst (Australian C'ship 1936, 40, 48), born in Medindie, South Australia (d. 1991)

  • Jan 24 Norman Dello Joio [Nicodemo DeGioio], American classical composer (Choreography: Three Dances for Strings), born in New York City, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jan 25 Luis Marden, American photojournalist, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • Jan 25 Witold Lutosławski, Polish pianist, composer, and conductor (Musique funèbre; Trois poèmes d'Henri Michaux), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1994)
  • Jan 26 Jimmy Van Heusen [Edward Chester Babcock], American Acadeny and Emmy Award-winning composer and songwriter ("All The Way"; "Love & Marriage"; "Come Fly With Me"), born in Syracuse, New York (d. 1990)
  • Jan 26 William Prince, American actor (Spies Like Us, The Stepford Wives, City in Fear), born in Nichols, New York, (d. 1996)
  • Jan 27 Milton Adolphus, composer
  • Jan 27 Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky, composer
  • Jan 28 Jan Masseus, Dutch composer, born in Rotterdam (d. 1999)
  • Jan 28 Oliver Chesterton, chartered surveyor
  • Jan 29 Victor Mature, American actor (I Wake Up Screaming, Samson and Delilah), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1999)
  • Jan 29 Daniel Taradash, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • Jan 29 Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • Jan 30 Dicky Fuller, West Indian cricketer (one Test WI v England 1935, 1, 0-12), born in St. Ann Parish, Jamaica (d. 1987)
  • Jan 30 Percy Thrower, English radio host, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1988)
  • Jan 30 Amrita Sher-Gil, Hungarian-Indian painter described as the “Indian Frida Kahlo" and "one of the greatest avant-garde women artists of the early 20th century", born in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1941)

Don Hutson

Jan 31 Don Hutson, American College, Pro Football Halls of Fame wide receiver (Green Bay Packers), born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas (d. 1997)

  • Jan 31 Héctor Iglesias Villoud, Argentine composer, born in San Nicolá, Argentina (d. 1988)
  • Jan 31 Wayne Millner, American NFL Hall of Fame football end, 1936-45 (Boston/Washington Redskins), and US Navy WWII veteran, born in Roxbury Massachusetts (d. 1976)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere), dies at 57
  • Jan 4 Alfred von Schlieffen, Prussian general-field marshal, dies at 79
  • Jan 6 Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
  • Jan 13 Thomas P. Krag, Norwegian author and novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
  • Jan 16 Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, American aeronaut and inventor, dies at 80
  • Jan 17 Carl Baermann, German composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 18 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, dies at 49
  • Jan 19 David Emlyn Evans, British composer, dies at 69
  • Jan 22 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82
  • Jan 22 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, dies at 75
  • Jan 23 Nazim Pasha, Turkish Minister of War, assassinated at 65
  • Jan 24 Gustav Luders, German-American composer, dies at 47