On This Day

What Happened in March 1913

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Historic Event

Mar 1 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

Woman Suffrage Procession

Mar 3 Woman suffrage procession through Washington, D.C. organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns and led by Inez Milholland. Ida B. Wells marched with her Illinois delegation despite blacks being told to march in a separate section.

  • Mar 4 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments
  • Mar 4 Gabriel Faure's opera "Pénélope", based on Homer's "The Odyssey", premieres at the Salle Garnie, in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • Mar 4 NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

  • Mar 8 MLB Federal League organizes with 6 teams, including the Chicago Whales, who built and played at Weeghman Park (now Wrigley Field); League folded after 3 seasons
  • Mar 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10 Stanley Cup, Quebec Skating Rink, Quebec City, Quebec: Quebec Bulldogs retain trophy; defeat Sydney Millionaires (NS), 6-2 for a 2-0 sweep of the challenge series
  • Mar 10 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Historic Event

Mar 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

  • Mar 14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
  • Mar 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17 Uruguayan Air Force is founded
  • Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki
  • Mar 21 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400

Historic Event

Mar 22 Song Jiaoren, leader of the Chinese Kuomintang Party, shot at Shanghai Railway Station, dies 2 day later (thought orchestrated by Kuomintang President Yuan Shikai)

  • Mar 24 Dutch soccer forward Huug de Groot scores twice as Netherlands score first ever victory over England; 2-1 at HBS, The Hague
  • Mar 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway, New York City
  • Mar 25 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster
  • Mar 25 Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (NYC) starring Ed Wynn
  • Mar 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami and Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Helmut Gernsheim, German photographer, collector and historian, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1995)
  • Mar 2 Godfried [Jan Arnold] Bomans, Dutch humorist/writer (Pieter Bas)
  • Mar 2 Marjorie Weaver, American actress (Michael Shayne: Private Detective, Young Mr Lincoln), born in Crossville, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • Mar 2 Mort Cooper, American baseball pitcher (MLB All-Star 1942, 43, 45, 46; World Series 1942, 44; NL MVP 1942), born in Atherton, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • Mar 2 Celedonio Romero, Spanish guitarist (d. 1996)
  • Mar 2 Georgy Nikolaevich Flerov, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Physicist (nuclear fission)
  • Mar 3 Roger Caillois, French writer (Les Jeux et les Hommes)
  • Mar 3 Margaret Allison Bonds, American composer (The Ballad of the Brown King), pianist, arranger, and teacher, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1972) [1]
  • Mar 4 Taos Amrouche, Algerian writer (Jacinthe noir), and Kabyle singer, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1976)
  • Mar 4 John Garfield [Jacob Garfinkle], American actor (Four Daughters, Body and Soul), born in NYC, New York (d. 1952)
  • Mar 5 Yulian Krein [Kreyn], Riussian composer and musicologist, born in Moscow (d. 1996)
  • Mar 6 David Bowman, trade unionist
  • Mar 6 Ella Logan [Ina Allan], Scottish actress (52nd Street, Woman Chases Man, Top of the Town), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1969)
  • Mar 9 Gerarda Brautigam, Dutch journalist and politician (Partij van de Arbeid), born in Rotterdam (d. 1982)
  • Mar 11 John Jacob Weinzweig, Canadian composer (The Enchanted Hill; Red Ear Of Corn), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2006)
  • Mar 11 Thomas Gray, English professor & anaesthetist
  • Mar 12 Harold Butler, English cricket fast bowler (2 Tests, 12 wickets; Nottinghamshire), born in Clifton, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1991)
  • Mar 12 Agathe von Trapp, Austrian-born American singer (oldest von Trapp child), born in Pola, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 2010)

William J. Casey

Mar 13 William J. Casey, American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)

  • Mar 13 Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (O blofatzis, Anna of Rhodes), born in Athen, Greeces (d. 1985)
  • Mar 13 Sergey Mikhalkov, Soviet writer and poet, born in Moscow (d. 2009) [NS]
  • Mar 13 Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate (d. 2001)
  • Mar 13 Lightnin' Slim [Otis Hicks], American Louisiana blues electric guitarist, singer, and songwriter ("Nothing But The Devil";"Bad Luck And Trouble"), born near St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1974)
  • Mar 14 Witold Rudzinski, Polish composer, born in Sebezh, Russia Empire (d. 2004)
  • Mar 15 Lex Goudsmit, Dutch actor (Fiddler on the Roof, Thomas en Senior op het spoor van Brute Berend), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • Mar 15 MacDonald Carey, American actor (Days of Our Lives, Lock Up), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 1994)
  • Mar 18 Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/Rhine
  • Mar 18 Rene Clement, director/writer (Is Paris Burning), born in Bordeaux, France
  • Mar 18 William Hutchinson Murray, Scottish mountaineer and author, born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Mar 18 Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander
  • Mar 19 William Chatterton, cricketer (48 in only Test for England 1892)
  • Mar 20 Judith Evelyn [Evelyn Morris], American actress (13th Letter, Tingler, Rear Window), born in Seneca, South Dakota (d. 1967)
  • Mar 21 George Ghita Ionescu, academic
  • Mar 21 Max Youngstein, American producer (United Artists), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 21 George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)
  • Mar 22 James Westerfield, American actor (Jungle Heat, Lucky Johnny), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1971)
  • Mar 22 Tom McCall, American politician, Governor of Oregon (d. 1983)
  • Mar 22 Lew Wasserman, American film studio executive (d. 2002)
  • Mar 26 Paul Erdős, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Mar 27 Godfrey Turner, British composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1948)
  • Mar 27 June Beebe, American golfer (Western Open 1931, 33), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • Mar 27 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Jack Jones, British trade unionist (CH), born in Garston, Liverpool (d. 2009)
  • Mar 29 Niall MacGinnis, Irish character actor (Curse of the Demon, Helen of Troy), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1977)
  • Mar 29 Phil Foster, American comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne & Shirley), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1985)
  • Mar 29 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2000)
  • Mar 30 Frankie Laine [Francesco Paolo LoVecchio], American singer ("Jezebel"; "Rawhide"; "Blazing Saddles"), songwriter ("We'll Be Together Again"), and actor (Bring Your Smile Along), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • Mar 30 Gottfried Reinhardt, Austrian-American theatre producer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1994)
  • Mar 30 Richard Helms, American CIA head (1966-73), born in St. Davids, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • Mar 30 Marc Davis, American animator (Walt Disney), born in Bakersfield, California (d. 2000)
  • Mar 30 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 31 Dai Rees, Scottish golfer (British Open runner-up 1953-54, 61), born in Fontegary, Glamorgan (d. 1983)
  • Mar 31 Etta Baker, American blues guitarist, born in Caldwell County, North Carolina
  • Mar 31 Walter Winterbottom, England soccer manager (first manager England national football team 1946–62; FA Director of Coaching), born in Oldham, England (d. 2002)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 7 Emily Pauline Johnson [Tekahionwake], Native Canadian poet, dies of cancer at 51
  • Mar 9 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61

Harriet Tubman

Mar 10 Harriet Tubman [Araminta Ross], American abolitionist, former slave and humanitarian (Underground Railroad), dies at about 91 {birth date uncertain]

  • Mar 11 John Shaw Billings, American librarian & surgeon, dies at 74
  • Mar 12 Josef Bayer, composer, Austrian composer, and music director (Austrian Court Ballet, 1883-1913), dies at 61
  • Mar 17 Richard Montgomery Gano, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 82
  • Mar 18 George I, king of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
  • Mar 19 John Thomas, Welsh composer and harpist, dies at 87
  • Mar 20 Christian Barnekow, Danish composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 22 Song Jiaoran, Chinese Nationalist and revolutionary (Leader of Kuomintang party 1912-13), assassinated at 30

J. P. Morgan

Mar 31 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, US Steel Corporation, AT&T), dies in his sleep at 75