What Happened in December 1914

Historical Events

  • Dec 2 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • Dec 3 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed

Sports History

Dec 4 Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales; Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court

  • Dec 5 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts win first Championship; beat U of Toronto Blues, 14-2
  • Dec 5 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • Dec 6 German troops over run Lodz
  • Dec 8 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron

Music Premiere

Dec 8 Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 8 Boers rebelling against the British in South Africa suffer several defeats, with one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidentally drowning
  • Dec 10 French government returns to Paris
  • Dec 11 Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed
  • Dec 12 The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%

Historic Event

Dec 14 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Harrison Narcotics Tax Act, to regulate and tax production, importation, and distribution of opiates and coca products

  • Dec 14 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • Dec 15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • Dec 15 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
  • Dec 15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary

Battle of Interest

Dec 16 French offensive in Artois, Northern France led by Philippe Pétain

  • Dec 16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • Dec 17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • Dec 17 Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • Dec 17 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities

Film Release

Dec 21 1st feature-length silent film comedy "Tillie's Punctured Romance" released starring Marie Dressler, Mabel Normand and Charlie Chaplin

  • Dec 21 2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances
  • Dec 23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt
  • Dec 24 German plane drops bombs on Dover, England
  • Dec 25 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • Dec 26 US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, on the same day Germans announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; weakens America's protest
  • Dec 28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Johnny Johnston, American singer (Make that Spare), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Dec 2 Eddie Sauter, American musician (Sauter-Finegan Band, Sat Night Revue), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1981)
  • Dec 3 Irving Fine, American composer (Toccata), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1962)
  • Dec 3 Edward "Corky" Cornelius, American jazz trumpeter (Benny Goodman; Gene Krupa), born in Cicero, Indiana (d. 1943)
  • Dec 4 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • Dec 4 Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (Spy Who Loved Me), born in Paris, France (d. 1993)
  • Dec 5 Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (The Lieutenant Must Be Mad), born in Osterode, Germany (d. 1989)
  • Dec 5 Lina Bo Bardi, Italian born Brazilian modernist architect (SESC Pompéia Factory), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Dec 6 Cyril Washbrook, English cricketer (stalwart Lancs & England opener), born in Barrow, Clitheroe, Lancashire, England (d. 1999)
  • Dec 7 Winston Place, English cricketer (England opener in West Indies 1948), born in Rawtenstall, Lancashire, England (d. 2002)
  • Dec 8 Ernie Toshack, Australian cricket fast bowler (12 Tests, 47 wickets), born in Cobar, NSW (d. 2003)
  • Dec 8 Corbett Davis, American NFL football fullback, 1938-42 (Cleveland Rams), born in Lowell, Indiana (d. 1968)
  • Dec 9 Max Manus, Norwegian resistance fighter and author who specialized in sabotage during World War II, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1996)
  • Dec 9 Frances Reid, American actress (Days of Our Lives, The Andromeda Strain), born in Wichita Falls, Texas (d. 2010)
  • Dec 10 Dorothy Lamour [Mary Kaumeyer], American actress and singer (Road to Bali, My Favorite Brunette), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1996)
  • Dec 10 (Jevon) "Jeff" Nicklin, Canadian CFL football player,1934-40 (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), and Army paratrooper office, born in Fort William, Ontario (d. 1945)
  • Dec 12 Buzzie Bavasi, American MLB executive (Brooklyn & LA Dodgers), born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)
  • Dec 12 Denis Begbie, South African cricketer (South African batsman in five Tests 1948-50), born in Middelburg, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2009)
  • Dec 13 Alan Bullock, British historian and author (Hitler: A Study in Tyranny), born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England (d. 2004)
  • Dec 13 George "Tiger" Haynes, American jazz musician (The Three Flames) and actor (In the Heat of the Night; The Wiz), born in Frederiksted, St. Croix (d. 1994)
  • Dec 13 Larry Parks [Samuel Lawrence Parks], American actor (The Jolson Story, Love Is Better Than Ever), born in Olathe, Kansas (d. 1975)
  • Dec 14 Karl Carstens, German politician (President of the Federal Republic of Germany 1979-84), born in Bremen, German Empire (d. 1992)
  • Dec 14 Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist (Bach & Rock), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • Dec 14 Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (Olympic gold 1928, 32), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • Dec 17 Mushtaq Ali, cricketer (prolific Indian batsman of 30's & 40's)
  • Dec 18 Jerry Zipkin, American socialite (friend of Nancy Reagan), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • Dec 18 Connie "Pee Wee" Crayton, American R&B and blues guitarist and singer ("Do Unto Others"), born in Rockdale, Texas (d. 1985)
  • Dec 21 Ivan Generalić, Croatian painter, born in Hlebine, Croatia (d. 1992)
  • Dec 23 Dezider Kardos, Slovak composer, born in Nadlice, Slovakia (d. 1991)
  • Dec 24 Dorothy Hyson, American actress (Ghoul, Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1996)
  • Dec 24 Ralph Marterie, Italian-American trumpeter and big band leader ("Skokiaan"; "Shish-Kebab"; "Dry Marterie"), born in Acerra, Italy (d. 1978)
  • Dec 25 James Fletcher Jr, New Zealand industrialist (Fletcher Construction), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2007)
  • Dec 26 Richard Widmark, American actor (Madigan, Murder on the Orient Express, Judgement at Nuremberg), born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • Dec 26 Annemarie Wendl, German actress (Lindenstraße, Der Seitensprung), born in Trostberg, Germany (d. 2006)
  • Dec 27 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • Dec 27 Ivan Sutton, British concert promoter (City Music Society), born in Purley, London (d. 1996)
  • Dec 28 Bernard Youens [Popley], British actor (Coronation Street, Somewhere in Politics), born in Hove, East Sussex, England (d. 1984)
  • Dec 28 Lee Bowman, American actor (Ellery Queen, Miami Undercover, The Impatient Years), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1979)
  • Dec 29 Billy [Dorothy] Tipton, American jazz pianist/saxophonist/bandleader, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1989)
  • Dec 29 Albert Tucker, Australian artist, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Dec 30 Bert Parks [Jacobson], TV host (Miss America), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Dec 30 (Catherine) Jo Van Fleet, American Tony and Academy Award-winning actress (The Trip To Bountiful; East of Eden; Cool Hand Luke), born in Oakland, California (d. 1996) [some sources give birth as 12/29/15]
  • Dec 31 Pat Brady [Robert Ellsworth O'Brady], American actor (The Roy Rogers Show, Man from Music Mountain), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1972)

Famous Weddings

  • Dec 24 Agatha Miller (later best selling detective author) marries aviator Archibald Christie

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 Alfred Thayer Mahan, American naval officer (Influence of Sea Power), dies at 74
  • Dec 6 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist, dies at 47
  • Dec 8 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • Dec 12 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • Dec 14 Giovanni Sgambati, Italian pianist & composer, dies at 73
  • Dec 16 Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer and conductor, dies at 82
  • Dec 19 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • Dec 21 Arthur Jones, England cricket all-rounder and captain (12 Tests, 3 wickets, 15 catches; Nottinghamshire CCC), dies from tuberculosis at 42

John Muir

Dec 24 John Muir, Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glacier in High Seirras), dies of pneumonia at 76

  • Dec 27 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor, dies at 51