What Happened in July 1914

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 General J. B. M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers wins her 7th and last Wimbledon singles title beating Ethel Larcombe 7-5, 6-4
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Norman Brookes beats 4-time defending champion Anthony Wilding of New Zealand 6-4, 6-4, 7-5
  • Jul 5 MLB Boston Braves (26-40) are 15 games back in NL, go on to win World Series 4-0 vs Philadelphia A's
  • Jul 5 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Baltimore Orioles owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10k to Connie Mack (Philadelphia A's), refuses pleading poverty

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • Jul 9 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jul 11 Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 14 Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jul 14 NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • Jul 15 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • Jul 16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • Jul 17 Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
  • Jul 18 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jul 19 Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
  • Jul 20 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • Jul 23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • Jul 25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Last day of club cricket for W. G. Grace at age 66: he made 69 runs

Cricketer W. G. Grace
Cricketer
W. G. Grace
  • Jul 25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 26 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • Jul 26 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrive from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • Jul 26 12th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 27 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • Jul 27 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • Jul 28 Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden, in NYC, by Harry Fox
  • Jul 28 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow
  • Jul 28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental phone link made between New York City and San Francisco
  • Jul 29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • Jul 29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • Jul 30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • Jul 30 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jul 31 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Christl Cranz, German alpine skier (combined gold Winter Olympics 1936), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2004)
  • Jul 1 Earle Warren, alto sax player
  • Jul 2 Frederick Fennell, conductor (Time & Winds), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 2 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer, born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1997)
  • Jul 5 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, born in Amsterdam d. 1976)
  • Jul 6 Jens Rohiner, composer
  • Jul 7 Cor de Groot, pianist/conductor/composer (Old-Dutch Suite)
  • Jul 7 Serafim Sergeyevich Tulikov, composer
  • Jul 8 Billy Eckstine, jazz singer (Tenderly, A Fool in Love), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 8 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • Jul 9 Bill Tallon, Australian cricketer (brother of Don, Queensland leggie), born in Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia (d. 1972)
  • Jul 9 Willi Stoph, German politician (Prime Minister of German Democratic Republic 1964-73), born in Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Jul 10 Joe Shuster, Canadian-American cartoonist (co-creator of Superman), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • Jul 11 Ahti Sonninen, Finnish composer (Pessi and Illusia, Rauhaa, vain rauhaa), born in Kuopio, Finland (d. 1984)
  • Jul 15 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • Jul 15 Howard Vernon, Swiss actor (Love and Death, Delicatessen), born in Baden, Switzerland (d. 1996)
  • Jul 17 Lucille Benson, American actress (Halloween II, 1941, Bosom Buddies), born in Scottsboro, Alabama (d. 1984)
  • Jul 17 James Purdy, Hicksville, Ohio, writer (The House of the Solitary Maggot), (disputed birthdate, 1923), (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 Herbert Collum, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Jul 18 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • Jul 18 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Jul 18 Mack Robinson, American 200m dash (Olympic silver 1932), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • Jul 18 Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (Tour de France 1938), born in Ponte a Ema, Florence, Italy (d. 2000)
  • Jul 19 Josef Páleníček, Czech composer, born in Travnik, Bosnia, Yugoslavia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Marius Russo, American baseball player (New York Yankees), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
  • Jul 20 William John Phillips, British actor (Nothing but a Man, Z-Cars), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 22 Cecil Effinger, composer
  • Jul 23 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil), born in Kirkcaldy, Fife (d. 2004)
  • Jul 24 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, born in Colchester, England (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman (Honest Ed's) and philanthropist, born in Colonial Beach, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Frank Silvera, Jamaican-American actor (High Chaparral, Killer's Kiss, Fear and Desire), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1970)
  • Jul 24 Kenneth Bancroft Clark, American civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto) and first black president of the American Psychological Association, born in Panama Canal Zone (d. 2005)
  • Jul 24 Riccardo Malipiero, Italian composer, born in Milan (d. 2003)
  • Jul 24 Robert Emhardt, American actor (Another World, Underworld USA, Mooncussers), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)

Person of interestWoody Strode

Jul 25 Woody Strode, African American football player and actor (Posse, Cotton Club, Vigilante, Scream), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1994)

Actor and Sportsman Woody Strode
Actor and Sportsman
Woody Strode
  • Jul 26 Ralph Blane [Hunsecker], American songwriter (Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas, The Trolley Song), born in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma (d. 1995)
  • Jul 26 Erskine Hawkins, American trumpeter and composer (After Hours), born in Brimingham, Alabama (d. 1993)
  • Jul 26 Ellis Kinder, American baseball player, born in Atkins, Arkansas (d. 1968)
  • Jul 28 Carmen Dragon, American composer (d. 1984)
  • Jul 29 "Professor" Irwin Corey, comedian (Car Wash, Doc), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jul 29 Abram Games, graphic artist
  • Jul 29 Dovie Hudson, community activist in rural Mississippi
  • Jul 30 Lord Killanin, Irish 6th International Olympic Committee President (1972-80), born in London (d. 1999)
  • Jul 31 Jose Ignacio Domecq, Spanish wine maker, born in Jerez, Spain (d. 1997)
  • Jul 31 Louis De Funes, French actor and writer (The Mad Adventures of Rabbi Jacobs), born in Courbevoie, France (d. 1983)
  • Jul 31 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 13 British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband

  • Jul 21 Fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli (23) marries Wilhelm Frederick Wendt de Kerlor (30) in London

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 29 Mountain climber George Mallory (28) weds Ruth Mallory

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • Jul 6 Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet, murdered at 27
  • Jul 11 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies at 83
  • Jul 19 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • Jul 20 Leo van Gheluwe, composer, dies at 76
  • Jul 30 Albert Trott, cricketer (3 Tests for Aus, 2 for Eng), commits suicide
  • Jul 30 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • Jul 31 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=