On This Day

What Happened in July 1914

Historical Events

Historic Event

Jul 1 General J. B. M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party

  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers wins her 7th and last Wimbledon singles title beating Ethel Larcombe 7-5, 6-4

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Norman Brookes beats 4-time defending champion Anthony Wilding of New Zealand 6-4, 6-4, 7-5

  • Jul 5 MLB Boston Braves (26-40) are 15 games back in NL, go on to win World Series 4-0 vs Philadelphia A's
  • Jul 5 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia

Sports History

Jul 7 Baltimore Orioles owner Jack Dunn offers future baseball legend Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10k to Connie Mack (Philadelphia A's); refuses pleading lack of finance

  • Jul 9 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY

Contract of Interest

Jul 9 Boston Red Sox purchase future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth's contract from minor league Baltimore Orioles

  • Jul 11 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth makes his MLB debut as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox; earns 4-3 win against the Cleveland Naps at Fenway Park

Historic Invention

Jul 14 American engineer Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design

  • Jul 14 NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • Jul 15 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • Jul 16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • Jul 18 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Historic Event

Jul 18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

  • Jul 19 Boston Braves begin drive from last to the NL pennant with a 3-2 win against the 2nd placed Cincinnati Reds
  • Jul 20 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • Jul 23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • Jul 25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary

Sports History

Jul 25 Last day of club cricket for English legend W. G. Grace at age 66: makes unbeaten 69 runs for Eltham against Grove Park

  • Jul 25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing

Historic Event

Jul 26 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

  • Jul 26 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • Jul 26 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrive from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • Jul 26 12th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 27 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • Jul 27 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • Jul 28 Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden, in NYC, by Harry Fox
  • Jul 28 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow
  • Jul 28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental phone link made between New York City and San Francisco
  • Jul 29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • Jul 29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • Jul 30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • Jul 30 John French appointed British supreme commander

Historic Event

Jul 30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Historic Event

Jul 31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

  • Jul 31 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Christl Cranz, German alpine skier (combined gold Winter Olympics 1936), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2004)
  • Jul 1 Earle Warren, American alto sax player, born in Springfield, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 2 Frederick Fennell, American conductor (Time & Winds), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2004)
  • Jul 2 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist and electrical engineer, born in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer, born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1997)
  • Jul 5 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, born in Amsterdam d. 1976)
  • Jul 7 Cor de Groot, pianist/conductor/composer (Old-Dutch Suite)
  • Jul 7 Serafim Sergeyevich Tulikov, composer
  • Jul 8 Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer ("Tenderly"; "A Fool In Love"), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1993)
  • Jul 8 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • Jul 9 Willi Stoph, German politician (Prime Minister of German Democratic Republic 1964-73), born in Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Jul 10 Joe Shuster, Canadian-American cartoonist (co-creator, with Jerry Siegel, of "Superman"), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • Jul 11 Ahti Sonninen, Finnish composer (Pessi and Illusia; The Karelian Wedding), born in Kuopio, Finland (d. 1984)
  • Jul 15 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • Jul 15 Howard Vernon, Swiss actor (Love and Death, Delicatessen), born in Baden, Switzerland (d. 1996)
  • Jul 17 Lucille Benson, American actress (Halloween II; 194;1 Bosom Buddies), born in Scottsboro, Alabama (d. 1984)
  • Jul 17 James Purdy, American writer (The House of the Solitary Maggot), born near Fremont, Ohio, (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 Herbert Collum, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Jul 18 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • Jul 18 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Jul 18 Mack Robinson, American 200m dash (Olympic silver 1932), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • Jul 18 Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (Tour de France 1938, 48; Giro d'Italia 1936-7, 46), born in Ponte a Ema, Florence, Italy (d. 2000)
  • Jul 19 Josef Páleníček, Czech composer, born in Travnik, Bosnia, Yugoslavia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Marius Russo, American baseball player (New York Yankees), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
  • Jul 20 William John Phillips, British actor (Nothing but a Man, Z-Cars), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 22 Cecil Effinger, American composer, born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1990)
  • Jul 23 Alastair Down, Scottish CEO (Burmah Oil), born in Kirkcaldy, Fife (d. 2004)
  • Jul 24 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, born in Colchester, England (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman (Honest Ed's) and philanthropist, born in Colonial Beach, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Frank Silvera, Jamaican-American actor (High Chaparral, Killer's Kiss, Fear and Desire), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1970)
  • Jul 24 Kenneth Bancroft Clark, American civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto) and first black president of the American Psychological Association, born in Panama Canal Zone (d. 2005)
  • Jul 24 Riccardo Malipiero, Italian pianist, composer, critic, and educator, born in Milan (d. 2003)
  • Jul 24 Robert Emhardt, American actor (Another World, Underworld USA, Mooncussers), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)

Woody Strode

Jul 25 Woody Strode, American football end (LA Rams, Calgary Stampeders) and actor (Posse, Cotton Club, Vigilante, Scream), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1994)

  • Jul 26 Ralph Blane [Hunsecker], American songwriter ("Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas"; "The Trolley Song"), born in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma (d. 1995)
  • Jul 26 Erskine Hawkins, American trumpeter and composer ("After Hours"), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 1993)
  • Jul 26 Ellis Kinder, American baseball player, born in Atkins, Arkansas (d. 1968)
  • Jul 28 Carmen Dragon, American composer and conductor (Hollywood Bowl Symphony), born in Antioch, California (d. 1984)
  • Jul 29 "Professor" Irwin Corey, comedian (Car Wash, Doc), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jul 29 Abram Games, graphic artist
  • Jul 29 Dovie Hudson, community activist in rural Mississippi
  • Jul 30 Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, MBE, TD, Irish journalist, author, sports official (6th President International Olympic Committee 1972-80), born in London, England (d. 1999)
  • Jul 31 Jose Ignacio Domecq, Spanish wine maker, born in Jerez, Spain (d. 1997)
  • Jul 31 Louis De Funes, French actor and writer (The Mad Adventures of Rabbi Jacobs), born in Courbevoie, France (d. 1983)
  • Jul 31 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • Jul 31 Elmer Riddle, American baseball pitcher (NL wins leader 1943; Cincinnati Reds), born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1984)
  • Jul 31 Isolde Ahlgrimm, Austrian harpsichordist, fortepianist, early music and original instrument proponent, and teacher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)

Famous Weddings

D. H. Lawrence

Jul 13 British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband

Elsa Schiaparelli

Jul 21 Fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli (23) marries Wilhelm Frederick Wendt de Kerlor (30) in London

George Mallory

Jul 29 Mountain climber George Mallory (28) weds Ruth Dixon Turner


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Joseph Chamberlain, British statesman, minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • Jul 6 Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco), murdered at 27
  • Jul 11 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies at 83
  • Jul 19 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • Jul 20 Leo van Gheluwe, Belgian composer, dies at 76
  • Jul 30 Albert Trott, cricketer (3 Tests for Aus, 2 for Eng), commits suicide
  • Jul 30 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • Jul 31 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=