On This Day

What Happened in June 1914

Historical Events

  • Jun 2 Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome
  • Jun 6 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • Jun 8 34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Baseball Record

Jun 9 Pittsburgh Pirate baseball shortstop Honus Wagner is 2nd player to get 3,000 hits

Historic Event

Jun 13 Eleftherios Venizelos announces that Greece intends to annex Chios and Mytilene, two large islands off the Turkish coast; Greece and Turkey have been heading towards conflict for months over claims to Aegean islands

  • Jun 13 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Mary Browne wins her 3rd consecutive US title beating fellow American Marie Wagner 6–2, 1–6, 6–1; event moves to Forest Hills 1915

Sports History

Jun 19 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins a record 6th Open Championship, 3 strokes ahead of defending champion J.H. Taylor

  • Jun 20 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
  • Jun 24 King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent

Historic Event

Jun 26 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 27 Defending champion Jack Johnson beats fellow American Frank Moran on points in 20 rounds in Paris, France to retain his lineal heavyweight boxing title

  • Jun 27 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia

Assassination

Jun 28 Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie by Bosnian-Serb assassin Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, setting off chain of alliances that begin WWI

Assassination Attempt

Jun 29 Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 3 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist
  • Jun 3 Ronald George "Tim" Woodman, British WWII pilot, born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • Jun 3 Roy Glenn, American radio and screen character actor (Rocky Jordan; The Jack Benny Show; Amos 'n' Andy; Guess Who's Coming to Dinner), born in Pittsburg, Kansas (d. 1971)
  • Jun 4 Willy-August Linnemann, Danish writer and journalist, born in Harrislee, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jun 5 Beatrice de Cardi, British archaeologist ( Baluchistan region), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jun 5 Rose Hill, British stage and screen actress ('Allo 'Allo!; Nicholas Nickleby; Shot in the Dark), and lyric soprano (The Beggar's Opera), born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • Jun 5 Stan Jones, American songwriter ("Ghost Riders in the Sky"), and actor (Rio Grande, The Sheriff of Cochise), born in Douglas, Arizona (d. 1963)
  • Jun 6 H. Adams Carter, American mountaineer (Alpine Club President 1954-58; editor American Alpine Journal 1960-95), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Jun 8 Joseph DePietro, American weightlifter (Olympic gold -56kg 1948), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1999)
  • Jun 8 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, born in Garnsdorf (d. 1967)
  • Jun 9 Barbara Mullen, American actress (Thunder Rock, Innocent Sinners), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • Jun 9 Hermann Haller, Swiss composer, born in Burgdorf, Switzerland (d. 2002)
  • Jun 10 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist
  • Jun 11 Gerald Mohr, American actor (The Angry Red Planet, The Sniper, Foreign Intrigue), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • Jun 11 Hendrikus Berkhof, Dutch theologist (Church & Emperor), born in Appeltern, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Jun 11 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, born in Northampton, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 12 Peter Lancelot Williams, English dance journalist, born in Burton Joyce, Nottingham (d. 1995)
  • Jun 12 William Lundigan, American actor (Climax, Pinky, They Asked for It), born in Syracuse, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jun 12 Bill Kenny, American singer (The Bill Kenny Show), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jun 14 Pauline Moore [Joless Love], American actress (Colorado, Young Mr. Lincoln), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • Jun 14 Winifred Milius Lubell, American illustrator and writer (The Outer Lands), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 15 Cees [Cornelis A B] Bantzinger, Dutch cartoonist/illustrator
  • Jun 15 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), born in Râmnicu Sărat, Buzău County, Romania (d. 1999)

Yuri Andropov

Jun 15 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire (d. 1984)

  • Jun 15 Hilda Terry, American Cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • Jun 16 Stewart Cathie "Billy" Griffith, English cricketer (140 for England, 1948) and cricket administrator (MCC), born in London (d. 1993)
  • Jun 17 John Hersey, American author (Hiroshima, Bell for Adano, Wall), born in Tientsin, China (d. 1993)
  • Jun 18 E. G. Marshall [Everett Eugene Grunz], American actor (12 Angry Men, The Defenders), born in Owatonna Minnesota (d. 1998)
  • Jun 18 Billy Wade, South African cricket wicketkeeper (11 Tests, 1 x 100, 17 dismissals; Natal), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 2003)
  • Jun 19 Alan Cranston, American politician (Sen-D-CA, 1969-1993), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2000)
  • Jun 19 Harry Lauter, American actor (Escape from the Planet of the Apes, Waterfront), born in White Plains, New York (d. 1990)
  • Jun 19 Morgan Morgan-Giles, British Naval officer and politician (d. 2013)
  • Jun 19 Lester Raymond Flatt, American bluegrass guitarist (Flatt & Scruggs - Ballad of Jed Clampett; Foggy Mountain Breakdown), born in Duncan's Chapel, Tennessee (d. 1979)
  • Jun 19 Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003)
  • Jun 20 Friedrich Zipp, German composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1997)
  • Jun 21 Jan Decadt, Flemish composer, born in Ypres (d. 1995)
  • Jun 21 William Vickrey, Canadian economist (Nobel 1996), born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Jun 21 Booker Collins, American jazz bassist, valve trombone, and tuba player (Mary Lou Williams and Her Kansas City Seven), born in Roswell, New Mexico
  • Jun 22 Lilo Hardel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1999)
  • Jun 24 Pearl Witherington, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008)
  • Jun 26 Laurie Lee, English poet and author (I Can't Stay Long), born in Slad, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • Jun 26 Richard Maltby Sr., American musician and orchestra leader (Vaughn Monroe Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • Jun 26 Wolfgang Windgassen, German operatic tenor (Stuttgart Opera), born in Annemasse, France (d. 1974)
  • Jun 27 Alexander Pola [Abraham Polak], Dutch actor and writer (Cassata), born in Haarlem, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jun 27 Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament (1948-87)), born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Jun 27 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (co-founding the Inland Waterways Association), born in London (d. 1981)
  • Jun 28 Charles Urbanus, Dutch baseball player, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Jun 28 Aribert Heim, Austrian SS physician (served at the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Mauthausen, known as Dr. Death), born in Bad Radkersburg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)
  • Jun 29 Rafael Kubelik, Czech conductor (Cornelia Farooli), born in Býchory, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Jun 29 Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician, born in Chalandri, Athens, Greece (d. 1976)
  • Jun 29 Ellen Kuzwayo, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman"), born in Thaba-Nchu, Orange Free State (d. 2006)
  • Jun 30 Natko Devčić, Croatian composer, born in Glina, Croatia (d. 1997)
  • Jun 30 Francisco da Costa Gomes, President of Portugal’s ruling military junta (1974-76), born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2001)

Famous Weddings

Walter Johnson

Jun 24 MLB greatest pitcher Walter Johnson (26) weds Hazel Lee Roberts in Northwest, Washington, D.C.

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 6 Walter T Watts-Dunton, English lawyer, poet and writer (Aylwin), dies at 81
  • Jun 11 Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
  • Jun 14 Adlai Stevenson I, American politician (D), 23rd Vice President of the United States (1893-97), dies at 78
  • Jun 15 A G Steel, cricketer (13 Tests, 29 wkts, Eng capt 1886), dies
  • Jun 21 Glauco Velasquez, Brazilian composer, dies at 30
  • Jun 21 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, 1st woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1905), dies at 71
  • Jun 28 Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, assassinated with her husband Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, at 46

AssassinationFranz Ferdinand

Jun 28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, leads to declarations of war in WWI

  • Jun 30 Bai Long [White Wolf], Chinese Robin Hood/crowd leader, dies