On This Day

What Happened in March 1914

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • Mar 1 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Mar 7 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • Mar 9 Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 US Senator albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

US Senator Albert B. Fall
US Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Mar 10 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • Mar 14 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • Mar 18 White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen, China
  • Mar 19 Stanley Cup, Arena Gardens, Toronto ON: Toronto HC (NHA) defeat Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-0 series sweep; final series of the "challenge" era
  • Mar 20 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • Mar 27 1st successful non-direct blood transfusion is performed by Dr. Albert Hustin in Brussels
  • Mar 27 76th Grand National: Bill Smith aboard Sunloch wins by 8 lengths from Trianon III

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Archibald J Gumede, South African ANC member/chairman (UDF)
  • Mar 1 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast), born in Oklahoma City (d. 1994)
  • Mar 1 Harry Caray, American Baseball Hall of Fame broadcaster (Chicago Cubs), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 1998)
  • Mar 3 Martin Ritt, American actor and director (The Spy Who Came In from the Cold, Slugger's Wife, End of the Game), born in NYC, New York (d. 1990)
  • Mar 4 Gino Colaussi (Luigi Colaussi), Italian footballer (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • Mar 4 Robert R. Wilson, American physicist (The Manhattan Project), sculptor and architect , born in , Frontier, Wyoming (d. 2000)
  • Mar 5 Joan Sterndale-Bennett, British actress (Brighton Rock, Those Fantastic Flying Fools), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Mar 5 Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992)
  • Mar 5 Ursula Reit [Reith], German actress (Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory), born in Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (d. 1998)
  • Mar 6 Kirill Kondrashin, Russian conductor (Bolshoi Theatre, 1943-56; Moscow Philharmonic, 1960-75; Concertgebouw, 1978-81), born in Moscow, Russia (d.1981)
  • Mar 7 Morton DaCosta, director (Island of Love, Music Man), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 8 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Mar 8 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • Mar 9 Paul Winter, American classical and session violinist (NBC Orchestra, 1937-58), born in New York City (d. 1992)
  • Mar 10 Chandler Harper, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1950), born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 2004)
  • Mar 12 Jan Kapr, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1988)
  • Mar 13 Carl-Olof Anderberg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • Mar 13 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, born in Cardiff (d. 1995)
  • Mar 13 Edward O'Hare, American naval aviator of the U.S. Navy, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1943)
  • Mar 13 W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (Who Has Seen the Wind?), born in Weyburn, Canada (d. 1998)
  • Mar 13 Bob Haggart, American dixieland, swing jazz, and session double bass player, and composer ("What's New?"), born in New York City (d. 1998)
  • Mar 14 Henry Ralph Carr, soldier
  • Mar 14 Jiri Reinberger, composer
  • Mar 14 Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (d. 1981)
  • Mar 14 Bill Owen [William Owen Rowbotham], British actor (Last of the Summer Wine, Not So Dusty), born in Acton, Middlesex, England (d. 1999)
  • Mar 14 Lee Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • Mar 15 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • Mar 15 Joe E. Ross, American actor and comedian (Car 54), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1982)

Person of interestSammy Baugh

Mar 17 Sammy Baugh, American NFL hall of fame quarterback (Washington Redskins), born in Temple, Texas (d. 2008)

American Football Player and Coach Sammy Baugh
American Football Player and Coach
Sammy Baugh
  • Mar 18 César Guerra-Peixe, Brazilian violinist and composer (Brasilia Symphony), born in Petrópolis, Brazil (d. 1993)
  • Mar 18 James Pack, naval officer museum curator
  • Mar 19 Fred Clark, American actor (Burns & Allen, Auntie Mame, Hazard), born in Lincoln, California (d. 1968)
  • Mar 19 Jay Berwanger, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (1st Heisman Trophy winner 1935, Chicago), born in Dubuque, Iowa (d. 2002)
  • Mar 19 Patricia Morison, American actress (Peyton Place, Dressed to Kill, Kiss Me, Kate The King and I), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 19 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)

Person of interestJiang Qing

Mar 19 Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China (d. 1991)

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • Mar 19 James "Buster" Bennett, American blues saxophonist and blues shouter, born in Pensacola, Florida (d. 1980)
  • Mar 20 Wendell Corey, American actor (Rear Window, 11th Hour, Peck's Bad Girl), born in Dracut, Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • Mar 20 William Baddeley, rector (St James's Piccadilly)
  • Mar 21 Herman Siles Zuazo, politician
  • Mar 21 Paul Tortelier, French concert cellist, composer, and teacher, born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • Mar 22 Lord Stokes [Donald Stokes], English industrialist (British Leyland), born in Plymouth, England (d. 2008)
  • Mar 22 Masao Maruyama, Japanese social scientist, born in Osaka, Japan (d. 1996)
  • Mar 23 Robert Gross, composer
  • Mar 25 Marthe Robert, French essayist and translator who influenced Sigmund Freud, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • Mar 25 Norman Borlaug, American agronomist (Green Revolution - Nobel Peace Prize 1970), born in Cresco, Iowa (d. 2009)
  • Mar 26 Ian McGeoch, Scottish Vice-Admiral with Royal Navy (submarine HMS Splendid WWII), born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)

Person of interestWilliam Westmoreland

Mar 26 William Westmoreland, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1964-68), born in Saxon, South Carolina (d. 2005)

  • Mar 26 Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematics educator (Kumon Institute of Education,), born in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1995)
  • Mar 27 Budd Schulberg, American novelist and screenwriter (On the Waterfront), born in NYC, New York (d. 2009)
  • Mar 27 Richard Denning [Louis Denninger Jr.], American actor (An Affair to Remember, The Black Scorpion), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1998)
  • Mar 27 Snooky Lanson [Roy Landman], American singer (Your Hit Parade; 5 Star Jubilee), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • Mar 28 Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (Closely Observed Trains), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • Mar 28 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • Mar 28 Edward Anhalt, American screenwriter (Escape to Athena), born in New York (d. 2000)
  • Mar 28 Dick Norris, Australian entomologist, born in Geraldton, Western Australia (d. 2003)
  • Mar 29 Chapman Pincher, British journalist and author (about secret service), born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 2014)
  • Mar 30 Sonny Boy Williamson I [John Lee], American blues musician ("Down & Out Blues"), born in Madison County, Tennessee (d. 1948)
  • Mar 31 Octavio Paz, Mexican writer/diplomat (Salamandra, Topoemas)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Tor Aulin, Swedish composer, dies at 47
  • Mar 1 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, dies at 63

Person of interestGeorge Westinghouse

Mar 12 George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur, engineer (Westinghouse Electric) and pioneer of the electrical industry,, dies at 67

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 16 Gaston Calmette, editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55
  • Mar 16 John Murray, piloted HMS Challenger to Christmas Island, dies
  • Mar 16 Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, dies at 70
  • Mar 19 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • Mar 23 Teunis Stoel, Dutch actor and director (Small Theater), dies at 62
  • Mar 23 Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)

Person of interestFrederic Mistral

Mar 25 Frederic Mistral, French poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1904), dies at 83

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • Mar 28 Hanus Trnecek, composer, dies at 55
  • Mar 31 Christian Morgenstern, German poet (Ich und die Welt), dies at 42