On This Day

What Happened in October 1914

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
  • Oct 1 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth
  • Oct 4 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • Oct 5 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • Oct 6 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • Oct 9 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • Oct 10 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WWI)
  • Oct 11 German troops occupy Ghent
  • Oct 12 The First Battle of Ypres begins
  • Oct 13 Baseball World Series: Boston Braves beat Philadelphia A's, 3-1 at Fenway Park for first 4-game sweep in WS history; 'Miracle Braves' last in NL July 4
  • Oct 13 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • Oct 13 Garrett Morgan patents his safety hood device, which would later be refined into the gas mask
  • Oct 13 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • Oct 14 German troops occupy Brug
  • Oct 15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • Oct 15 US Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • Oct 18 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • Oct 21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • Oct 27 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • Oct 28 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • Oct 28 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
  • Oct 29 Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • Oct 30 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins
  • Oct 31 Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and author (The Americans: The Democratic Experience - 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
  • Oct 1 Michael Goodliffe, British actor (A Night to Remember, Cromwell, 5th Day of Peace), born in Bebington, Cheshire, England (d. 1976)
  • Oct 2 Albe Vidaković, Croatian composer, born in Subotica, Serbia (d. 1964)
  • Oct 2 Bengt Johansson, Finnish composer, born in Helsinki (d. 1989)
  • Oct 2 Charles Drake [Ruppert], American actor (Harvey, Air Force, Glenn Miller Story), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Oct 2 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist and Thelemite occultist, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1952)
  • Oct 2 Bernarr Rainbow, English historian of music education, organist, and choir master, born in London (d. 1998)
  • Oct 3 Nel Rose, Dutch dance teacher (d. 1970)
  • Oct 4 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Oct 4 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)

Thor Heyerdahl

Oct 6 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), born in Larvik (d. 2002)

  • Oct 7 Alfred Drake [Capurro], American singer and actor (Trading Places, Hamlet, Kiss Me Kate), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 7 Sarah Churchill, British actress (Matinee Theatre, All Over Town, Royal Wedding), born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • Oct 7 Herman Keiser, American golfer (US Masters 1946), born in Springfield, Missouri (d. 2003)
  • Oct 9 Edward Andrews, American actor (Tea & Sympathy, Glass Bottom Boat), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 1985)
  • Oct 9 Roger Goeb, American composer, born in Cherokee, Iowa (d. 1997)
  • Oct 10 Ivory Joe Hunter "The Baron of the Boogie", American R&B singer, piano player, and songwriter ("Since I Met You Baby"), born in Kirbyville, Texas (d. 1974)
  • Oct 10 Tommy Fine, American baseball player, born in Cleburne, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Oct 11 J. Edward Day, 55th U.S. Postmaster General (1961), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1996)
  • Oct 16 Christian J Modeste, gypsey king
  • Oct 17 Albert Markos, Romanian composer (Torso I), born in Székelykeresztúr, Hungary (now Cristuru Secuiesc, Romania) (d. 1981)
  • Oct 17 Jerry Siegel, American comic book writer (co-creator, with Joe Shuster, of "Superman"), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • Oct 17 John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur
  • Oct 19 Harold Gimblett, English cricket batsman (3 Tests, 1 x 50; 265 career FC sixes; Somerset CCC), born in Bicknoller, England (d. 1978)
  • Oct 19 Juanita Moore, American actress (Imitation Of Life), born in Greenwood, Mississippi (d. 2014)
  • Oct 20 Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers and actor (The Five Heartbeats), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 2006)
  • Oct 21 Martin Gardner, Scientific American math & puzzles columnist
  • Oct 23 Frank "Bruiser" Kinard, American football tackle and coach (Brooklyn (NFL), 1938-44; Navy (AAFC), 1945; NY Yankees (NFL), 1946-7), born in Pelahatchie, Mississippi (d. 1980)
  • Oct 23 Dick Durrance, American skier, born in Tarpon Springs, Florida (d. 2004)
  • Oct 24 Dave Dallwitz, South Australian jazz and classical pianist, bandleader, composer, and visual artist, born in Freeling, South Australia (d. 2003)
  • Oct 25 John Berryman, American poet (The Dream Songs), born in McAlester, Oklahoma (d. 1972)
  • Oct 25 Maudie Prickett [Doyle], American character actress (Harvey; Hazel - "Rosie"), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1976)

Jackie Coogan

Oct 26 Jackie Coogan, American actor (Addams Family, The Kid, Oliver Twist), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1984)

  • Oct 26 Alexander "Sasha" Argov [Abramovich], Israeli composer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1995)
  • Oct 26 Claude Jeter, American gospel music singer (The Swan Silvertones), born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 2009)
  • Oct 27 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (Child's Christmas in Wales), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1953)
  • Oct 27 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist

Jonas Salk

Oct 28 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

  • Oct 28 Richard Laurence Millington Synge, British biochemist (Nobel 1952), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1994)
  • Oct 28 Glenn Robert Davis, American politician, born in Vernon, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • Oct 30 Marion Ladewig, American ten-pin bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2010)
  • Oct 30 Patsy Montana [Ruby Rose Blevins], American country singer, songwriter and yodeler ("I Want To Be A Cowboy's Sweetheart"), born in Beaudry, Arkansas (d. 1996)
  • Oct 30 Richard E. Holz, American composer for brass band (Salvation Army), born in Pittston, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)
  • Oct 30 Marius Flothuis, Dutch composer, (Kleine Suite for 12 Harps; Espressioni Cordiali), artistic director (Concertgebouw Orchestra, 1955–74), musicologist (Mozart), and music critic, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Oct 30 Anna Wing, British stage and screen actress (EastEnders, 1985-88 - "Lou Beale"; Blithe Spirit), born in Hackney, London, England (d. 2013)
  • Oct 31 Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (The Green Grocer) (d. 1988)
  • Oct 31 John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer, born in Westerveld, Netherlands (d. 1995)

Famous Weddings

Babe Ruth

Oct 17 American baseball legend Babe Ruth (19) weds waitress Helen Woodford (17) at St. Paul's Catholic Church in Ellicott City, Maryland


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 10 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, mayor (Amsterdam)/foreign minister, dies at 73
  • Oct 10 Karol I, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies
  • Oct 10 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies at 75
  • Oct 12 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", dies at 76
  • Oct 15 Aleksander Różycki, Polish pianist, composer, and music teacher dies at 59
  • Oct 28 Richard Heuberger, composer, dies at 64
  • Oct 30 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31