On This Day

What Happened in December 1915

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • Dec 3 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • Dec 4 Frank Friday Fletcher is first US admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
  • Dec 4 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Georgia
  • Dec 4 Panama-Pacific International Exposition closes in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas'

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Dec 8 Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • Dec 12 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany
  • Dec 12 Aristide Briand forms French war government
  • Dec 12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • Dec 14 Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
  • Dec 20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • Dec 20 Final withdraw of all allied troops from Anzac Cove
  • Dec 21 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
  • Dec 22 Organized baseball and Federal League sign a peace treaty at Cincinnati, Federal Baseball League dissolves
  • Dec 23 J Kern/S Greene's musical "Very Good Eddie" premieres in NYC

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 25 Irving Berlin & Harry B Smith's musical premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • Dec 27 US Iron and Steel workers begin a 3-week strike in Ohio for a eight-hour-day; they are successful as the US needs steel for armaments
  • Dec 28 San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
  • Dec 28 Today the British Cabinet recognizes the true nature of the war by deciding to institute compulsory military service, with single men to be conscripted before married ones
  • Dec 30 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 2 Adolph Green, American lyricist and playwright (It's Always Fair Weather), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2002)
  • Dec 2 Nico Richter, Dutch composer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1945)
  • Dec 2 Randolph Apperson Hearst, American newspaper publisher (Hearst Newspapers) (d. 2000)
  • Dec 4 Allan Jackson, American newscaster (Youth Takes a Stand), born in Hot Springs, Arkansas (d. 1976)
  • Dec 4 Fred Freer, Australian cricket pace bowler (1 Test 1946), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1998)
  • Dec 5 Carl Donnell "Kansas" Fields, American jazz drummer, born in Chapman, Kansas (d. 1995)
  • Dec 7 Leigh Brackett, American sci-fi author (Ginger Star), Los Angeles, California (d. 1978)
  • Dec 7 Eli Wallach, American actor (Magnificent 7, The Misfits, People Next Door), born in Brooklyn New York, (d. 2014)
  • Dec 8 George Scheuer, Austrian writer and journalist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1996)
  • Dec 8 Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (North by Northwest), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Dec 9 Colin McCool, Australian cricketer (Australian leg-spin all rounder late 40s), born in Paddington, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1986)
  • Dec 9 Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Austro-British soprano (Der Rosenkavalier), born in Jarotschin, German Empire (d. 2006)
  • Dec 9 Herbert Huncke, American writer and poet, born in Greenfield, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • Dec 11 Anna van Beers [Graeve], Dutch actress (A Woman like Eve, Diary of a Hooker), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 2011)

Person of interestFrank Sinatra

Dec 12 Frank Sinatra, American singer (Strangers in the Night, My Way) and actor (From Here to Eternity) known as 'old blue eyes', born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1998)

Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • Dec 13 Balthazar Johannes Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (1966-77), born in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • Dec 13 Ross MacDonald [Kenneth Millar], American-Canadian detective novelist (Goodbye Look), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1983)
  • Dec 13 Curd Jürgens [Curt Jurgens], German-born Austrian actor (Enemy Below, Longest Day), born in Solln, Munich, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Dec 13 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • Dec 14 Daniel "Dan" Dailey, American dancer and actor (You're My Everything, Governor & J.J.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1978)
  • Dec 14 Clay Warnick, American choral director (Jimmie Rodgers Show), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1995)
  • Dec 15 José Toribio Merino, Chilean admiral (one of the principal leaders of the 1973 Chilean coup d'état), born in La Serena, Chile (d. 1996)
  • Dec 16 Georgy Sviridov, Soviet neoromantic composer (The Blizzard, Time, Forward!)
  • Dec 16 Turk Murphy, American trombonist (d. 1987)
  • Dec 17 André Claveau, French pop singer and actor (Dors, mon amour), born in Paris; (d. 2003)
  • Dec 18 Dario Mangiarotti, Italian fencing, gold, 2 silver (Olympic-1948, 52)

Person of interestEdith Piaf

Dec 19 Édith Piaf, [E Giovanna Gassion], chanteuse (Little Sparrow), born in Paris, France (d. 1963)

Singer Edith Piaf
Singer
Edith Piaf
  • Dec 20 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer & humorist, born in Heybeliada, Ottoman Empire (d. 1995)
  • Dec 21 Werner von Trapp, Austrian singer (Trapp Family Singers), born in Zell am See, Austria (d. 2007)
  • Dec 22 Barbara Billingsley, American actress (Leave it to Beaver), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2010)
  • Dec 25 Noelle de Mosa, Neth/British dancer/teacher (Brigadoon)
  • Dec 25 Nora Dunfee, American actress (Forrest Gump, Lorenzo's Oil), born in Belmont, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Dec 25 Pete Rugolo, bandleader/arranger (Fugitive)
  • Dec 26 H. A. Gomperts, Dutch writer (Duck on Attic), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1998)
  • Dec 26 Una Mae Carlisle, US jazz pianist/vocalist (Walkin' By The River), born in Xenia, Ohio; (d. 1956)
  • Dec 27 Mary Kornman, American actress (Desert Trail, Queen of the Jungle, Swing it Professor), born in Idaho Falls, Idaho (d. 1973)
  • Dec 27 William Howell Masters, sex author/physician
  • Dec 27 Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian footballer (d. 1999)
  • Dec 28 Roebuck "Pops" Staples, American gospel singer (The Staple Singers), born in Winona, Mississippi (d. 2000)
  • Dec 29 Charles L. Harness, American sci-fi author (Paradox Men, Wolfhead), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Dec 29 John P W Meefout, Dutch sculptor (Laying Woman)
  • Dec 29 Robert Ruark, American writer (Something of Value), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1965)
  • Dec 29 Jo Van Fleet, American actress (Cool Hand Luke, Cinderella, East of Eden), born in Oakland, California (d. 1996)
  • Dec 29 Bill Osmanski, American football player & coach, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1996)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Journalist Benito Mussolini marries Rachele Guidi in Treviglio Lombardy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 18 28th US President Woodrow Wilson, widowed the year before marries second wife Edith Bolling Galt, a descendant of native American Pocahontas

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 22 Biologist Alexander Fleming (34) weds Sara McElroy


Famous Deaths

  • Dec 2 Jan Malat, Czech composer, dies at 72
  • Dec 4 Gustav Hollaender, composer, dies at 60
  • Dec 13 Francis Cockrell, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • Dec 18 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist, dies at 82
  • Dec 19 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • Dec 23 Roland Leighton, dies at 20
  • Dec 28 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer and politician, dies at 78
  • Dec 29 C. B. Hawley, American organist and composer, dies at 57
  • Dec 29 Thomas Shelvin, College Football Hall of Fame defensive end (Yale), dies of pneumonia at 32
  • Dec 29 Tom Shevlin, American College Football Hall of Fame end (Consensus All-American 1902, 04, 05; National C'ship 1902, 05; Yale University), dies of pneumonia at 32