On This Day

What Happened in January 1915

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • Jan 1 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • Jan 4 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • Jan 4 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • Jan 7 World War I: Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm approves strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids bombing London, fearing his relatives in the royal family might be killed
  • Jan 9 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated in San Francisco
  • Jan 11 Jacob Ruppert and Colonel Tillinghast Huston purchase the New York Yankees for $460,000, Ruppert pays his portion in cash
  • Jan 12 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • Jan 13 Earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800
  • Jan 13 Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • Jan 15 Japan claims economic control of China
  • Jan 15 Sydney, Kern & Smith's musical "Love o' Mike" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 16 Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • Jan 17 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
  • Jan 17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine

Victory in Battle

Jan 17 Battle of Sarikamish ends with a Russian victory over Ottoman forces led by Enver Pasha with loss of over 30,000 men of the Turkish Third Army during Caucasus Campaign

  • Jan 18 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • Jan 18 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia

First Air Raid on Britain

Jan 19 World War I: 4 people in Norfolk are killed in the 1st German Zeppelin air raid attack on the United Kingdom

  • Jan 19 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
  • Jan 21 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • Jan 24 German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland

Historic Event

Jan 25 Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in San Francisco

  • Jan 25 Giordano, Sardou & Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gêne" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 25 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to San Francisco)
  • Jan 26 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established
  • Jan 27 US Marines occupy Haiti
  • Jan 28 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
  • Jan 28 The United States Coast Guard is created by merging the US Life Saving Service & the US Revenue Cutter Service

Historic Event

Jan 28 US President Woodrow Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

  • Jan 30 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • Jan 30 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • Jan 31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Francois Bondy, writer
  • Jan 1 Lewis Bingham Keeble, town planner
  • Jan 2 John Hope Franklin, historian
  • Jan 2 Nick Fatool, American jazz and session drummer, born in Millbury, Massachusetts (d. 2000)
  • Jan 3 Sid Hudson, American baseball pitcher (MLB All Star 1941, 42; Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox), born in Coalfield, Tennessee (d. 2008)
  • Jan 3 Jack Levine, American social realist painter, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2010),
  • Jan 5 Mabel Leigh, British potter (Shorter and Son), born in Coatesville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • Jan 5 Uta Graf, German-American soprano and teacher, born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany; (d. 1995)
  • Jan 5 Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2004)
  • Jan 6 Alan Watts, British-American philosopher (Book on the Taboo), born in Chislehurst, United Kingdom (d. 1973)
  • Jan 6 Don Edwards, American politician and civil rights champion (Rep-D-CA, 1963-94), born in San Jose, California (d. 2015)
  • Jan 6 John C. Lilly, U.S. psychoanalyst & writer, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • Jan 7 Herman Musaph, Dutch psychiatrist and sexologist (NVSH)
  • Jan 8 Walker Cooper, American baseball catcher (MLB All-Star 1942–44, 46–50; World Series 1942, 44; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Atherton, Missouri (d. 1991)
  • Jan 9 Anita Louise, American actress (The Little Princess, Gorilla, My Friend Flicka), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • Jan 9 Fernando Lamas, Argentine American actor and director (Lost World, You look marvelous), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1982)
  • Jan 10 Dean Dixon, American conductor, born in Harlem, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jan 11 Veda Ann Borg, American model and actress (Kid Galahad, Avalanche, Accomplice), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • Jan 11 Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder Special Air Service (d. 1955)
  • Jan 12 Ernest Armstrong, British politician (L) & teacher, born in Stanley, County Durham (d. 1996)
  • Jan 12 Frank Annunzio, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1965-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)
  • Jan 12 Roy Ralston, British pilot, born in Moss Side, Manchester
  • Jan 12 Martin Agronsky, American journalist (1952 Peabody, 1961 DuPont-Columbia), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • Jan 12 Paul Jarrico, American writer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1997)
  • Jan 12 Joseph-Aurèle Plourde, Catholic archbishop of Ottawa, born in Saint-François-de-Madawaska, Canada (d. 2013)
  • Jan 13 Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property developer
  • Jan 14 Andre Frossard, Catholic columnist, born in Saint-Maurice-Colombier, France (d. 1995)
  • Jan 14 Mark Goodson, American radio and TV game show producer, with Bill Todman ("I've Got A Secret"; "The Price Is Right"; "Password"), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • Jan 18 Vassilis Tsitsanis, Greek singer, rebetiko and laïkó songwriter, and bouzouki player, born in Trikala, Greece (d. 1984)
  • Jan 19 Alvy West, American orchestra leader (Andy Williams Show), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jan 20 C. W. Ceram, German/ journalist & author (March of Archaeology), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1972)
  • Jan 20 Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan, born in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (d. 2006)
  • Jan 21 Alan Hewitt, American actor (Det Brennan-My Favorite Martian), born in NYC, New York (d. 1986)
  • Jan 22 Tom Burtt, cricketer (slow left-armer took 33 wickets for NZ)
  • Jan 23 Herma Bauma, Austrian javelin thrower (Olympic gold 1948), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2003)
  • Jan 23 Potter Stewart, United States Supreme Court justice (1958-81), born in Jackson, Michigan (d. 1985)
  • Jan 23 William Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist (1979 Nobel Prize in Economics for economic development research), born in Castries, Saint Lucia (d. 1991) [1]
  • Jan 24 Robert Motherwell, American painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic), born in Aberdeen, Washington (d. 1991)
  • Jan 24 Vitezslava Kapralova, Czech composer, born in Brno, Czechia (d. 1940)
  • Jan 25 Michael Duane, British progressive educationalist & author, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • Jan 25 Ewan MacColl, Scottish folk singer-songwriter (The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face), born in Broughton, United Kingdom (d. 1989)
  • Jan 26 William Hopper, American actor (Perry Mason, The Bad Seed, Rebel Without a Cause), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • Jan 27 Jack Brymer, clarinetist
  • Jan 29 Frederic Ramsey Jr, folklorist/author
  • Jan 29 Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)
  • Jan 29 John Serry, Sr., American musician and arranger (d. 2003)
  • Jan 30 Dorothy Dell [Goff], American child actress (Little Miss Marker, Wharf Angel), born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi (d. 1934)
  • Jan 30 John Profumo, British cabinet minister (Profumo scandal), born in London, England (d. 2006)
  • Jan 30 Joachim Peiper, German SS officer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1976)
  • Jan 31 Bobby Hackett, American jazz cornetist, trumpeter (Glenn Miller; Benny Goodman; Jackie Gleason), and orchestra leader (Air Time '57), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1976)
  • Jan 31 Garry Moore [Thomas Garrison Morfit], Balt, host (I've Got a Secret)

Thomas Merton

Jan 31 Thomas Merton, French-American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), born in Prades, Pyrénées-Orientales, France

  • Jan 31 William Crosbie, artist
  • Jan 31 Alan Lomax, American ethno-musicologist, and folklorist, born in Austin, Texas (d. 2002)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Karl Goldmark, Austria-Hungarian composer (Queen of Saba), dies at 84
  • Jan 3 James Elroy Flecker, English poet and dramatist (Hassan), dies at 30
  • Jan 6 Reginald Wood, cricketer (one Test England v Australia 1886), dies
  • Jan 13 Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
  • Jan 14 Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
  • Jan 15 Guillaume Couture, Canadian choir conductor, composer, and teacher, dies at 63
  • Jan 15 Fannie Farmer, American culinary pioneer who revolutionised modern cooking through the introduction of precise measurements (Boston Cooking-School Cook Book), dies of complications of a stroke at 57
  • Jan 28 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, dies at 68