What Happened in October 1915

Historical Events

  • Oct 3 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • Oct 4 Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established
  • Oct 5 Allies land troops at the northern Greek city of Salonika; Greece is nominally neutral but allows the landing
  • Oct 5 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.

Baseball Record

Oct 5 Detroit Tigers speedster Ty Cobb steals his 96th base of the season in 5-0 loss to Cleveland Indians; stands as MLB record until 1962 (Maury Wills, 104)

Historic Event

Oct 7 English nurse Edith Cavell sentenced to death along with 34 others by German court martial for running underground network to free Allied soldiers

  • Oct 8 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)
  • Oct 8 Phillies win their 1st & only World Series game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
  • Oct 9 Belgrade, Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • Oct 9 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York
  • Oct 9 Louis Kaufmans comedy "Unchastened Woman" premieres in New York City

Sports History

Oct 9 Woodrow Wilson becomes first US President to attend a World Series game

  • Oct 11 Bulgarian anti-Serbian offensive begins
  • Oct 12 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners

Model T

Oct 12 Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth automobile at the River Rouge plant in Detroit

Historic Event

Oct 12 Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citizens who identify themselves with dual nationalities

  • Oct 13 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Phillies, 5-4 at the Baker Bowl to clinch series 4-1
  • Oct 16 Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
  • Oct 18 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • Oct 19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • Oct 19 US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French
  • Oct 21 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Va to Paris

Historic Event

Oct 21 William Jennings Bryan's successor as US Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, sends a note to Britain protesting interference with US shipping

  • Oct 23 1st national horseshoe throwing championship at Kellerton, Iowa

Women's Suffrage March on Fifth Ave, New York

Oct 23 An estimated 25,000 supporters in a women's suffrage march on New York's Fifth Ave, led by Dr. Anna Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, founder of the League of Women Voters

  • Oct 25 James L Curtis named US Minister for Liberia

Historic Event

Oct 27 Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war

Music Premiere

Oct 28 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin

Election of Interest

Oct 29 Aristide Briand becomes Prime Minister of France for the 3rd time


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Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Robert Russell "Chubby" Wise, American musician, born in Lake City, Florida (d. 1996)
  • Oct 3 Ray Stark, American stage and film producer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • Oct 4 (Francisco) "Chino" Pozo, Cuban-American latin jazz and Afro-Cuban drummer, bongosero and conguero, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1980)
  • Oct 4 Koos Schuur, Dutch writer, poet (Novemberland), translator, and editor (Het Woord), born in Veendam, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Oct 6 Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (d. 2007)
  • Oct 6 Edgardo Martín, Cuban classical pianist, composer, and educator, born in Cienfuegos, Cuba (d. 2004)
  • Oct 6 Harry van Doorn [Henri W], CRM minister/Dutch politician (KVP/PPR)
  • Oct 7 Margarita Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1992) [NS]
  • Oct 7 Roman Padlewski, Polish violinist and composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Oct 9 Clifford M. Hardin, American politician (17th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • Oct 11 Florence Finch, Filipino-American war hero who fought against the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, born in Santiago, Philippines (d. 2016) [1]
  • Oct 13 Jack Fallon, Canadian-British jazz double and electric bass player, fiddler (The Beatles -"Don't Pass Me By"), and concert promoter, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 2006)
  • Oct 13 Terry Frost, British artist, born in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England (d. 2003)

Yitzhak Shamir

Oct 15 Yitzḥak Shamir, Israeli Prime Minister (1983–84, 1986–1992) and Zionist, born in Ruzinoy, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 2012)

Arthur Miller

Oct 17 Arthur Miller, American playwright (Death of a Salesman, Crucible), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

  • Oct 18 Thomas Round, British tenor (Gilbert and Sullivan For All), born in Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, Engaland (d. 2016)
  • Oct 18 Victor Sen Yung [Cheung Young], American actor (Across the Pacific, Charlie Chan in Honolulu), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1980)
  • Oct 19 Farid al-Atrash [El-Atrache], Syrian composer, musician, virtuoso oud player, and actor (Akher kedba), born in Jebel Ed-Druz, Southern Syria (d. 1974)
  • Oct 20 Giora Schuster, German-Israeli composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2006)
  • Oct 22 Harry Hickox, Big Springs Tx, (Herb-Please Don't Eat the Daisies)
  • Oct 24 Bob Kane, American comic artist and Batman co-creator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • Oct 24 Marghanita Laski, English journalist and author (Victorian chaise-lounge), born in Manchester, England (d. 1988)
  • Oct 24 Roger Milliken, American millionaire (CEO of Milliken & Company), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • Oct 25 Ivan M. Niven, Canadian-American mathematician, born in Vancouver (d. 1999)
  • Oct 26 Golfredo Corradetti, Canadian conductor and composer, born in Calgary, Alberta; (d. 1995)
  • Oct 27 Harry Saltzman, Canadian theater and film producer (Goldfinger), born in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada (d. 1994)
  • Oct 28 Dody Goodman, American comedienne (Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman - "Martha Shumway"; Max Duggan), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • Oct 28 Michael Fraser, British Conservative Party political administrator, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Oct 29 Dennis Brookes, English cricketer (one Test England v WI 1948, scored 10 & 7), born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2006)
  • Oct 30 Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and broadcast executive, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • Oct 30 Jane Randolph, American actress (Cat People, Railroaded!), born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • Oct 30 Pierre Wissmer, Swiss-French composer (Capitaine Bruno), born in Geneva (d. 1992)
  • Oct 30 Verne Winchell, American doughnut entrepreneur, and horse breeder, born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 2002)

Famous Weddings

Sun Yat-sen

Oct 25 Leader of China's 1911 revolution Sun Yat-sen (48) weds second wife Soong Ching-ling

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Russell Alexander, American vaudenille performer, euphonium virtuoso, and march composer, dies at 38
  • Oct 4 George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl), dies at 59
  • Oct 5 José María Usandizaga, Spanish Basque composer (Mendi Mendiyan - High in the Mountains), dies of tuberculosis at 28
  • Oct 5 Otto Valdemar Malling, Danish organist and composer (Det hellige Land, opus 46), dies at 67
  • Oct 7 Samuel Prowse Warren, Canadian composer and organist, dies at 74
  • Oct 9 Constant A M Cap, Flemish poet/etcher, dies at 73
  • Oct 12 Edith Louisa Cavell, British nurse, executed by German firing squad in Belgium during World War I at 49
  • Oct 22 Andrew Noble, Scottish physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, dies at 84

W. G. Grace

Oct 23 W. G. Grace, English cricket all-rounder and captain (22 Tests; 54,896 runs over record 44 first class seasons; Gloucestershire), dies of a heart attack at 67

  • Oct 24 Désiré Charnay, French traveller and archaeologist, dies at 87
  • Oct 30 Gervys Rignold Hazlitt, cricketer (9 Tests for Aust 1907-12), dies