What Happened in April 1916

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 1st US national women's swiming championships held
  • Apr 2 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 2 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • Apr 5 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 6 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Apr 8 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • Apr 8 In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators.

/flags/germanySS Libau Sets Sail

Apr 9 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
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  • Apr 10 1st professional golf tournament held
  • Apr 10 The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is founded in New York City.
  • Apr 12 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • Apr 18 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Edith Wharton is appointed Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, France’s highest award, for her contribution to the war effort

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • Apr 19 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • Apr 19 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • Apr 19 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • Apr 19 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • Apr 20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • Apr 20 Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cincinnati Reds 7-6
  • Apr 20 Chicago Cubs play their 1st game at Weeghman Park (now known as Wrigley Field) and beat the Cincinnati Reds
  • Apr 21 Ulster Protestant and Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay, Ireland from a German submarine; discovered at McKenna's Fort and arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • Apr 21 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour
  • Apr 22 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • Apr 22 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • Apr 22 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • Apr 23 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

Apr 24 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Apr 27 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • Apr 29 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
  • Apr 30 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 3 Herb Caen, American columnist (SF Chronicle), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1997)
  • Apr 3 Robert Jesse Charleston, museum Curator
  • Apr 4 David White, American actor (Larry Tate-Bewitched), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1990)
  • Apr 4 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) and Communist politician, born in Karan, Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • Apr 4 Mickey Owen, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals), born in Nixa, Missouri (d. 2005)
  • Apr 5 Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician, born in Newport, Wales (d. 2010)
  • Apr 5 Bernard Baily, American comic artist (co-creator of DC Comics), born in New York (d. 1996)

Person of interestGregory Peck

Apr 5 Gregory Peck, American actor (To Kill a Mockingbird, MacArthur), born in San Diego, California (d. 2003)

  • Apr 7 Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
  • Apr 10 Alfie Bass [Abraham Basalinsky], British actor (Moonraker, Are You Being Served), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • Apr 11 Alberto E Ginastera, Argentine composer (Panambi), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • Apr 11 Dan Fortmann, American football guard (Chicago Bears), born in Pearl River, New York (d. 1995)
  • Apr 11 Howard W. Koch, American producer and director (Frankenstein, Airplane II), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • Apr 12 Brian Connell, British writer and broadcaster, born in Hertford (d. 1999)
  • Apr 12 Beverly Cleary, American writer (Ramona and her Mother), born in McMinnville, Oregon
  • Apr 12 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • Apr 13 Phyllis Fraser [Helen Brown Nichols], American actress, journalist, and co-founder of Beginner Books, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • Apr 14 Commandur Rajagopalachari Rangachari, cricketer (India 1947-48)
  • Apr 14 Denis ApIvor, composer
  • Apr 14 Emerson Buckley, composer
  • Apr 15 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • Apr 17 Ryoei Saito, Japanese businessman (Daishowa Paper Manufacturing), born in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 1996)
  • Apr 17 Sirimavo Bandaranaike, World's first female prime minister, Sri Lanka (1960-77), born in Ratnapura, Sri Lanka (d. 2000)
  • Apr 21 Sidney Clute, actor, Lou Grant, Cagney & Lacey), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 22 Earl of Oxford & Asquith, governor (Seychelles)
  • Apr 22 Yehudi Menuhin, violinist, conductor and teacher (Bartok's Sonata), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • Apr 23 Bud Wilkinson, American college football coach (Oklahoma), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • Apr 24 Stanley Kauffmann, American playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Apr 24 Lou Thesz, American professional wrestler, born in Banat, Michigan (d. 2002)
  • Apr 26 Arnoldus Christian Vlok van Wyk, composer
  • Apr 26 Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)
  • Apr 26 Vic Perrin, American actor (d. 1989)
  • Apr 26 Virgil Trucks, MLB picther (two-time All Star), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2013)
  • Apr 27 Jan Rychlik, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1964)
  • Apr 27 Enos Slaughter, American baseball player, born in Roxboro, North Carolina (d. 2002)
  • Apr 28 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer, born in Cento, Ferrara (d. 1993)
  • Apr 30 Claude Shannon, information theorist
  • Apr 30 Dugo D Schenker, Suriname/Antillian producer
  • Apr 30 Robert Shaw, American chorale conductor (Robert Shaw Chorale), born in Red Bluff, California (d. 1999)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 1 Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 9 Vicente Goicoechea Errasti, Basque composer, dies at 62
  • Apr 11 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), dies of a heart attack at 52
  • Apr 15 Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanist, dies at 75
  • Apr 16 Tom Horan, cricketer (15 Tests for Aust, 471 runs, 11 wickets), dies
  • Apr 19 Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • Apr 29 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (b. 1850)