On This Day

What Happened in August 1916

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Hawaii National Park forms
  • Aug 2 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • Aug 4 Denmark and the United States sign a treaty whereby the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, are to be ceded to the US in 1917 for $25 million
  • Aug 4 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • Aug 8 A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
  • Aug 10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • Aug 17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • Aug 23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • Aug 25 US Department of Interior forms National Park Service
  • Aug 26 Philadelphia Athletic's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleveland, 5-0
  • Aug 27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • Aug 28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • Aug 28 Italy declares war against Germany
  • Aug 29 Congress creates US Naval Reserve
  • Aug 29 Transport ship Hsin-Yu & cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1,000 die
  • Aug 29 US Congress accepts Jones Act: Philippines independence

Historic Event

Aug 29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

  • Aug 30 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • Aug 31 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Aug 2 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • Aug 3 Shakeel Badayuni, Indian poet and lyricist, born in Badayun, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India (d. 1970)
  • Aug 3 José Manuel Moreno, Argentine footballer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1978)
  • Aug 6 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), born in Bormla, Malta (d. 2012)
  • Aug 6 E. Michael Burke, sports executive (President New York Yankees, New York Knicks, Madison Square Garden), born in Enfield, Connecticut (d. 1987)
  • Aug 11 Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (d. 1956)
  • Aug 14 Wellington Mara, Co-Owner of the New York Giants, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2005)
  • Aug 15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 16 Iggy Katona, American race car driver, born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • Aug 18 Moura Lympany, Saltash England, pianist (OBE-1979)
  • Aug 19 Marie Wilson, American actress (The Story of Mankind, My Friend Irma), born in Anaheim, California (d. 1972)
  • Aug 20 Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian-German chess player, born in Narva, Estonia (d. 1984)
  • Aug 21 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 22 John Slater, British actor (Deadlock, Cartel, Devil's Pass), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • Aug 24 Anita V Figueredo, American physician and humanitarian, born in Costa Rica (d. 2010)
  • Aug 24 Léo Ferré, French composer and singer, born in Monaco (d. 1993)
  • Aug 24 Hal Smith, American actor (The Andy Griffith Show-Otis Campbell), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1994)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Robbins, American pediatrician and bacteriologist (Nobel 1954), born in Auburn, Alabama (d. 2003)
  • Aug 25 Van Johnson, American actor (Brigadoon) always wore red socks, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 2008)
  • Aug 25 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator and flying ace of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, born in Saga District, Japan (d. 2000)
  • Aug 26 Allan Merson, English historian and communist, born in Monkseaton, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 26 Virginia Hill, American organized crime figure (girlfriend of Bugsy Siegel), born in Lipscomb, Alabama (d. 1966)
  • Aug 27 Martha Raye [Margaret Reed], American actress (Waikiki Wedding, Martha Raye Show), born in Butte, Montana (d. 1994)
  • Aug 27 Tony Harris, South African cricketer (8 Tests for South Africa 1947-49, 100 runs) and rugby union player (Springbok), born in Kimberley, Cape Province (d. 1993)
  • Aug 28 C. Wright Mills, American sociologist and writer (The Power Elite), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1962)
  • Aug 28 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, American sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • Aug 28 Hélène Baillargeon, Quebec singer and folklorist, born in Saint-Martin, Quebec (d. 1997)
  • Aug 29 George Montgomery, American actor (Battle of Bulge, Hallucination), born in Brady, Montana (d. 2000)
  • Aug 29 Leo Horn, Dutch soccer referee, columnist and businessman, born in Sittard, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Aug 30 John Thoday, British geneticist, born in Chinley, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • Aug 30 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)
  • Aug 31 Daniel Schorr, American broadcast journalist (CBS), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2010)
  • Aug 31 Everett Lee, American violinist, and theater and classical conductor (Cosmopolitan Little Symphony, 1947-55; Norrkoping Symphony, 1962-72), born in Wheeling, West Virgina (d. 2022)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 Claude Newberry, South African cricket All-rounder (v England 1913-14), dies
  • Aug 2 Hamish MacCunn, Scottish composer (The Land of the Mountain and the Flood), and teacher, dies at 48
  • Aug 3 Roger Casement, Irish diplomat, ardent Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916) and poet, hanged after conviction for treason by the British at 51
  • Aug 5 George Butterworth, English composer, dies at 31
  • Aug 5 Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli, Russian composer, dies at 46
  • Aug 7 Charles E Manning, Australian judge/major, dies in battle at 36
  • Aug 9 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), dies at 51
  • Aug 13 Fritz Steinbach, German conductor and composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 18 Edward D Pain, English journalist (NY World), dies in battle at 36
  • Aug 28 Francis Warre-Cornish, English writer and scholar, dies at 77
  • Aug 29 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), dies at 64