On This Day

What Happened in August 1916

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Hawaii National Park forms
  • Aug 2 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • Aug 4 Denmark and the United States sign a treaty whereby the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, are to be ceded to the US in 1917 for $25 million
  • Aug 4 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • Aug 8 A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
  • Aug 10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia

Famous PhotoPicasso and Friends

Aug 12 Pablo Picasso, Max Jacob, Moïse Kisling, Ortiz and Paquerette are photographed in Paris

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Manuel Ortiz de Zarate, Moïse Kisling, Max Jacob, Pablo Picasso and Pâquerette in Paris
Manuel Ortiz de Zarate, Moïse Kisling, Max Jacob, Pablo Picasso and Pâquerette in Paris
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  • Aug 17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • Aug 23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • Aug 25 US Department of Interior forms National Park Service
  • Aug 26 Philadelphia A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • Aug 26 Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • Aug 27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • Aug 28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • Aug 28 Italy declares war against Germany
  • Aug 29 Congress creates US Naval Reserve
  • Aug 29 Transport ship Hsin-Yu & cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1,000 die
  • Aug 29 US Congress accepts Jones Act: Philippines independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 30 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • Aug 31 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Aug 2 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • Aug 3 Shakeel Badayuni, Indian poet and lyricist, born in Badayun, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India (d. 1970)
  • Aug 3 José Manuel Moreno, Argentine footballer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1978)
  • Aug 6 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), born in Bormla, Malta (d. 2012)
  • Aug 6 E. Michael Burke, sports executive (President New York Yankees, New York Knicks, Madison Square Garden), born in Enfield, Connecticut (d. 1987)
  • Aug 11 Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (d. 1956)
  • Aug 14 Wellington Mara, Co-Owner of the New York Giants, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2005)
  • Aug 15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 16 Iggy Katona, American race car driver, born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • Aug 18 Moura Lympany, Saltash England, pianist (OBE-1979)
  • Aug 19 Marie Wilson, American actress (The Story of Mankind, My Friend Irma), born in Anaheim, California (d. 1972)
  • Aug 20 Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian-German chess player, born in Narva, Estonia (d. 1984)
  • Aug 21 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 22 John Slater, British actor (Deadlock, Cartel, Devil's Pass), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • Aug 24 Anita V Figueredo, American physician and humanitarian, born in Costa Rica (d. 2010)
  • Aug 24 Léo Ferré, French composer and singer, born in Monaco (d. 1993)
  • Aug 24 Hal Smith, American actor (The Andy Griffith Show-Otis Campbell), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1994)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Robbins, American pediatrician and bacteriologist (Nobel 1954), born in Auburn, Alabama (d. 2003)
  • Aug 25 Van Johnson, American actor (Brigadoon) always wore red socks, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 2008)
  • Aug 25 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator and flying ace of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, born in Saga District, Japan (d. 2000)
  • Aug 26 Allan Leslie Merson, historian
  • Aug 27 Martha Raye [Margaret Reed], American actress (Waikiki Wedding, Martha Raye Show), born in Butte, Montana (d. 1994)
  • Aug 27 Tony Harris, South African cricketer (8 Tests for South Africa 1947-49, 100 runs) and rugby union player (Springbok), born in Kimberley, Cape Province (d. 1993)
  • Aug 28 C. Wright Mills, American sociologist and writer (The Power Elite), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1962)
  • Aug 28 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, American sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • Aug 28 Hélène Baillargeon, Quebec singer and folklorist, born in Saint-Martin, Quebec (d. 1997)
  • Aug 29 George Montgomery, American actor (Battle of Bulge, Hallucination), born in Brady, Montana (d. 2000)
  • Aug 29 Leo Horn, Dutch soccer referee, columnist and businessman, born in Sittard, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Aug 30 John Thoday, British geneticist, born in Chinley, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • Aug 30 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)
  • Aug 31 Daniel Schorr, American broadcast journalist (CBS), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2010)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 Claude Newberry, South African cricket All-rounder (v England 1913-14), dies
  • Aug 2 Hamish MacCunn, Scottish composer (The Land of the Mountain and the Flood), and teacher, dies at 48
  • Aug 3 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, executed by the British at 51
  • Aug 5 George Butterworth, English composer, dies at 31
  • Aug 5 Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli, Russian composer, dies at 46
  • Aug 7 Charles E Manning, Australian judge/major, dies in battle at 36
  • Aug 9 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), dies at 51
  • Aug 13 Fritz Steinbach, German conductor and composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 18 Edward D Pain, English journalist (NY World), dies in battle at 36
  • Aug 28 Francis Warre-Cornish, English writer and scholar, dies at 77
  • Aug 29 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), dies at 64