On This Day

What Happened in January 1916

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 1 1st first blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood is performed
  • Jan 1 2nd Rose Bowl, Tournament Park, Pasadena, California: Washington State beats Brown, 14-0; MVP: Carl Dietz, Washington State
  • Jan 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 8 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • Jan 10 In retaliation for President Woodrow Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pancho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 US mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11 Austrian forces capture Mount Lovćen, Serbia. Serbian army retreats, evacuating to Greek island of Corfu
  • Jan 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft
  • Jan 14 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • Jan 17 Rodman Wanamaker organises a lunch to discuss forming a golfers association (later the PGA) at the Taplow Club, Martinique Hotel, New York City
  • Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
  • Jan 23 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • Jan 24 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28 Louis Brandeis is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 28 Opera "Goyescas" premieres in New York City
  • Jan 29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31 Dutch Girl Guides form

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Earl Wrightson, American actor and singer (Pinafore, Paul Whiteman's Goodyear Revue), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)
  • Jan 1 Murray Armstrong, Canadian ice hockey centre and NCAA coach (Detroit Red Wings; coach University of Denver 1956-77, 5 NCAA C'ships), born in Manor, Saskatchewan (d. 2010)
  • Jan 3 Antonio Estévez, Venezuelan composer and conductor (Cantata Criolla), born in Calabozo, Guárico, Venezuela (d. 1988)
  • Jan 3 Elizabeth "Betty" Furness, American actress, journalist and consumer activist (Dangerous Corner, Studio 1), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jan 3 Maxene Andrews, American singer (Andrew Sisters - "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1995)
  • Jan 3 Fred Haas, American golfer (5 PGA Tour titles; Ryder Cup 1953), born in Portland, Arkansas (d. 2004)
  • Jan 3 Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • Jan 4 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter
  • Jan 4 Robert Parrish, director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Jan 4 Lionel Newman, American film music composer (Peyton Place), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • Jan 4 Slim Gaillard [Bulee], Edinburgh, Scotland, American Jazz singer/songwriter (d. 1991)
  • Jan 6 David Bruce [Marden Andrew McBroom], American actor (The Mad Ghoul, Flying Tigers), born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • Jan 6 Philip Bezanson, American composer, born in Athol, Massachusetts (d. 1975)
  • Jan 6 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist, born in Armadale, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 7 Gerrit Schulte, Dutch road and track cyclist (World Champion Track Pursuit 1948), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 7 Paul Keres, USSR, chess grandmaster (1950)
  • Jan 7 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • Jan 7 Bobo Jenkins [John Pickens Jenkins], American blues singer-songwriter (Democrat Blues), born in Forkland, Alabama (d. 1984)
  • Jan 9 Alain Bernardin, French impresario (Crazy Horse Saloon), born in Dijon, France (d. 1994)
  • Jan 9 Vic Mizzy, American composer and band leader (Green Acres and The Addams Family themes), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • Jan 9 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Wilcox, Canada (d. 2007)
  • Jan 10 Bob Hamilton, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1944), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1990)
  • Jan 11 Bernard Blier, actor (Les Miserables), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Jan 11 James H [Jimmy] Quillen, (Rep-R-TN, 1963- )

Person of interestP. W. Botha

Jan 12 P. W. Botha, President of South Africa (1984-89) and Prime Minister (19778-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • Jan 12 Jay McShann, American jazz pianist & bandleader, born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 2006)
  • Jan 12 William Pleeth, British cellist, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1999)
  • Jan 12 House Peters Jr., American actor (King of the Rocket Man), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jan 13 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • Jan 13 Osa Massen [Aase Madsen Iversen], Dutch actress (Jack London, Rocketship X-M), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 2006)
  • Jan 14 John Oliver Killens, American writer, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Jan 15 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • Jan 16 Frederick Stewart, Scottish geologist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2001)
  • Jan 17 Joel Herron, American orchestra leader (Jaye P Morgan Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 James Crow, American geneticist & educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Johan Adolf Pengel, Surinamese politician (Prime Minister, 1963-69), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1970)
  • Jan 20 Walter Bartley, English biochemist, born in Brighton, London (d. 1994)
  • Jan 20 Alex Nicol, American actor (The Screaming Skull, Man From Laramie, Air Cadet), born in Ossining, New York (d. 2001)
  • Jan 21 [JW] Al James Woodie exander, songwriter/vocalist
  • Jan 22 Henri Dutilleux, French composer (Tout un monde lointain, L'arbre des songes), born in Angers, France (d. 2013)
  • Jan 22 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • Jan 23 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • Jan 24 Walter Haas Jr., American businessman & sports team owner (Levi Strauss & Co, Oakland A's), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1995)
  • Jan 24 John Corner, British mathematician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 Vic Stollmeyer, West Indian cricketer (bro of Jeff Scored 96 in only Test innings), born in Santa Cruz, Trinidad (d. 1999)
  • Jan 24 Jack Brickhouse, American sports broadcaster, born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • Jan 24 Marvin Creamer, American mariner, 1st recorded person to sail around the world without navigational instruments, born near Vineland, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • Jan 26 Lothar Jensch, German composer (d. 2004)
  • Jan 28 Peter Crossley-Holland, British composer, ethnomusicologist, and educator (UCLA, 1969-83), born in London (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • Jan 29 Kyra Vayne [Knopmuss], English stage and opera soprano, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • Jan 31 Frank Parker, American tennis player (4-time Grand Slam winner), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • Jan 31 Violet Cane, statistician

Famous Deaths


Person of interestGrenville M. Dodge

Jan 3 Grenville M. Dodge, American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), dies at 84

Railroad Engineer and Union General Grenville M. Dodge
Railroad Engineer and Union General
Grenville M. Dodge
  • Jan 8 Ada Rehan, Irish-American stage actress and comedian (Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre), dies from arteriosclerosis and cancer at 58
  • Jan 8 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • Jan 14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), dies at 73
  • Jan 15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • Jan 16 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
  • Jan 22 Iwan Knorr, German composer, dies at 63
  • Jan 29 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvils, composer, dies at 62