On This Day

What Happened in January 1916

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 1 1st first blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood is performed
  • Jan 1 2nd Rose Bowl, Tournament Park, Pasadena, California: Washington State beats Brown, 14-0; MVP: Carl Dietz, Washington State
  • Jan 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro

Historic Event

Jan 7 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare

  • Jan 8 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • Jan 10 In retaliation for President Woodrow Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pancho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 US mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11 Austrian forces capture Mount Lovćen, Serbia. Serbian army retreats, evacuating to Greek island of Corfu
  • Jan 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft
  • Jan 14 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • Jan 17 Rodman Wanamaker organises a lunch to discuss forming a golfers association (later the PGA) at the Taplow Club, Martinique Hotel, New York City
  • Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
  • Jan 23 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning, Montana
  • Jan 24 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28 Louis Brandeis is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 28 Opera "Goyescas" premieres in New York City
  • Jan 29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31 Dutch Girl Guides form

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Earl Wrightson, American actor and singer (Pinafore, Paul Whiteman's Goodyear Revue), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)
  • Jan 1 Murray Armstrong, Canadian ice hockey centre and NCAA coach (Detroit Red Wings; coach University of Denver 1956-77, 5 NCAA C'ships), born in Manor, Saskatchewan (d. 2010)
  • Jan 3 Antonio Estévez, Venezuelan composer and conductor (Cantata Criolla), born in Calabozo, Guárico, Venezuela (d. 1988)
  • Jan 3 Elizabeth "Betty" Furness, American actress, journalist and consumer activist (Dangerous Corner, Studio 1), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jan 3 Maxene Andrews, American pop and sing jazz inger (The Andrews Sisters - "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"; "Rum and Coca-Cola"), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1995)
  • Jan 3 Fred Haas, American golfer (5 PGA Tour titles; Ryder Cup 1953), born in Portland, Arkansas (d. 2004)
  • Jan 3 Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • Jan 4 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter
  • Jan 4 Robert Parrish, director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Jan 4 Lionel Newman, American film music composer (Peyton Place), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • Jan 6 David Bruce [Marden Andrew McBroom], American actor (The Mad Ghoul, Flying Tigers), born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • Jan 6 Philip Bezanson, American composer, born in Athol, Massachusetts (d. 1975)
  • Jan 6 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist, born in Armadale, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 7 Gerrit Schulte, Dutch road and track cyclist (World Champion Track Pursuit 1948), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 7 Paul Keres, Estonian and Soviet chess grandmaster (1950), born in Narva, Estonia (d. 1975)
  • Jan 7 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • Jan 7 Bobo Jenkins [John Pickens Jenkins], American blues singer-songwriter (Democrat Blues), born in Forkland, Alabama (d. 1984)
  • Jan 9 Alain Bernardin, French impresario (Crazy Horse Saloon), born in Dijon, France (d. 1994)
  • Jan 9 Vic Mizzy, American composer (Green Acres and The Addams Family themes), and bandleader, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • Jan 9 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Wilcox, Canada (d. 2007)
  • Jan 10 Bob Hamilton, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1944), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1990)
  • Jan 11 Bernard Blier, actor (Les Miserables), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Jan 11 James H [Jimmy] Quillen, (Rep-R-TN, 1963- )

P. W. Botha

Jan 12 P. W. Botha, South African politician (President of South Africa, 1984-89; Prime Minister, 1977-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

  • Jan 12 Jay McShann, American jazz pianist & bandleader, born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 2006)
  • Jan 12 William Pleeth, British cellist and teacher (of Jacqueline du Pré), born in London, England (d. 1999)
  • Jan 12 House Peters Jr., American actor (King of the Rocket Man), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jan 13 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • Jan 13 Osa Massen [Aase Madsen Iversen], Dutch actress (Jack London, Rocketship X-M), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 2006)
  • Jan 14 John Oliver Killens, American writer, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Jan 15 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • Jan 16 Frederick Stewart, Scottish geologist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2001)
  • Jan 17 Joel Herron, American orchestra leader (Jaye P Morgan Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 James Crow, American geneticist & educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Johan Adolf Pengel, Surinamese politician (Prime Minister, 1963-69), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1970)
  • Jan 20 Walter Bartley, English biochemist, born in Brighton, London (d. 1994)
  • Jan 20 Alex Nicol, American actor (The Screaming Skull, Man From Laramie, Air Cadet), born in Ossining, New York (d. 2001)
  • Jan 21 (James Woodie) J.W. Alexander, American gospel and soul music songwriter, singer, and producer (Sam Cooke, Lou Rawls, Solomon Burke), born in Hamilton, Mississippi (d. 1996)
  • Jan 22 Henri Dutilleux, French composer (Tout un monde lointain, L'arbre des songes), born in Angers, France (d. 2013)
  • Jan 22 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • Jan 23 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • Jan 24 Walter Haas Jr., American businessman & sports team owner (Levi Strauss & Co, Oakland A's), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1995)
  • Jan 24 John Corner, British mathematician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 Vic Stollmeyer, West Indian cricketer (bro of Jeff Scored 96 in only Test innings), born in Santa Cruz, Trinidad (d. 1999)
  • Jan 24 Jack Brickhouse, American sports broadcaster, born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • Jan 24 Marvin Creamer, American mariner, 1st recorded person to sail around the world without navigational instruments, born near Vineland, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • Jan 26 Lothar Jensch, German medical doctor, and composer, born in in Höchst, Germany (d. 2004)
  • Jan 28 Peter Crossley-Holland, British composer, ethnomusicologist, and educator (UCLA, 1969-83), born in London (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • Jan 29 Kyra Vayne [Knopmuss], English stage and opera soprano, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • Jan 31 Frank Parker, American tennis player (4-time Grand Slam winner), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • Jan 31 Violet Cane, statistician

Famous Deaths

Grenville M. Dodge

Jan 3 Grenville M. Dodge, American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), dies at 84

  • Jan 8 Ada Rehan, Irish-American stage actress and comedian (Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre), dies from arteriosclerosis and cancer at 58
  • Jan 8 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • Jan 14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), dies at 73
  • Jan 15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • Jan 16 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
  • Jan 22 Iwan Knorr, German composer, dies at 63
  • Jan 29 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvils, composer, dies at 62