What Happened in January 1916

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 1 1st first blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood is performed
  • Jan 1 2nd Rose Bowl: Washington State beats Brown 14-0
  • Jan 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • Jan 7 German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 8 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • Jan 10 In retaliation for President Woodrow Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pancho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 US mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11 French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • Jan 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts
  • Jan 14 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • Jan 17 Rodman Wanamaker organises a lunch to discuss forming a golfers association (later the PGA) at the Taplow Club, Martinique Hotel, New York City
  • Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
  • Jan 23 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • Jan 24 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28 Louis Brandeis is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 28 Opera "Goyescas" premieres (NYC)
  • Jan 29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31 Dutch Girl Guides form

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Earl Wrightson, American actor and singer (Pinafore, Paul Whiteman's Goodyear Revue), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)
  • Jan 3 Antonio Estevez, composer
  • Jan 3 Elizabeth "Betty" Furness, American actress, journalist and consumer activist (Dangerous Corner, Studio 1), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jan 3 Maxene Andrews, American singer (Andrew Sisters-Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1995)
  • Jan 3 Bernard Greenhouse, US cellist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • Jan 4 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter
  • Jan 4 Robert Parrish, director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Jan 4 Lionel Newman, American film music composer (Peyton Place), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • Jan 4 Slim Gaillard [Bulee], Edinburgh, Scotland, American Jazz singer/songwriter (d. 1991)
  • Jan 6 David Bruce [Marden Andrew McBroom], American actor (The Mad Ghoul, Flying Tigers), born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • Jan 6 Philip Bezanson, composer
  • Jan 6 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist (d. 2007)
  • Jan 7 Gerrit Schulte, [Le Fou Pedalant], Dutch 6 day cyclist
  • Jan 7 Paul Keres, USSR, chess grandmaster (1950)
  • Jan 7 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • Jan 7 Bobo Jenkins [John Pickens Jenkins], American blues singer-songwriter (Democrat Blues), born in Forkland, Alabama (d. 1984)
  • Jan 9 Alain Bernardin, impressario (Crazy Horse Saloon)
  • Jan 9 Vic Mizzy, American orchestra leader (Don Rickles Show), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jan 9 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • Jan 11 Bernard Blier, actor (Les Miserables), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Jan 11 James H [Jimmy] Quillen, (Rep-R-TN, 1963- )

Person of interestP. W. Botha

Jan 12 P. W. Botha, President of South Africa (1984-89) and Prime Minister (19778-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • Jan 12 Jay McShann, American musician (d. 2006)
  • Jan 12 William Pleeth, British cellist (d. 1999)
  • Jan 12 House Peters Jr., American actor (King of the Rocket Man), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jan 13 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • Jan 13 Osa Massen [Aase Madsen Iversen], Dutch actress (Jack London, Rocketship X-M), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 2006)
  • Jan 14 John Oliver Killens, novelist
  • Jan 15 Mikki Doyle, journalist
  • Jan 16 Frederick Stewart, British geologist
  • Jan 17 Joel Herron, American orchestra leader (Jaye P Morgan Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 Alec Coxon, cricketer (England pace bowler in one Test, 2-90 & 1-82)
  • Jan 18 James Crow, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, geneticist and influential educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier of Suriname (1963-69)
  • Jan 20 Walter Bartley, biochemist
  • Jan 20 Alex Nicol, American actor (The Screaming Skull, Man From Laramie, Air Cadet), born in Ossining, New York (d. 2001)
  • Jan 21 [JW] Al James Woodie exander, songwriter/vocalist
  • Jan 22 Henri Dutilleux, French composer (Tout un monde lointain, L'arbre des songes), born in Angers, France (d. 2013)
  • Jan 22 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • Jan 23 Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • Jan 24 Walter Haas Jr., American businessman & sports team owner (Levi Strauss & Co, Oakland A's), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1995)
  • Jan 24 John Corner, scientist
  • Jan 24 Vic Stollmeyer, cricketer (bro of Jeff Scored 96 in only Test innings)
  • Jan 24 Jack Brickhouse, American sports broadcaster (d. 1998)
  • Jan 26 Lothar Jensch, composer
  • Jan 28 Peter Crossley-Holland, composer
  • Jan 29 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • Jan 31 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • Jan 31 Frank A Parker, tennis champ (US Open-1944)
  • Jan 31 Violet Cane, statistician

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
  • Jan 8 Ada Rehan, Irish-American stage actress and comedian (Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre), dies from arteriosclerosis and cancer at 58
  • Jan 8 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • Jan 14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
  • Jan 15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • Jan 16 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
  • Jan 22 Iwan Knorr, German composer, dies at 63
  • Jan 29 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvils, composer, dies at 62