On This Day

What Happened in June 1916

Historical Events

  • Jun 2 Battle of Verdun: German troops launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.
  • Jun 2 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • Jun 3 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Jun 4 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • Jun 5 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • Jun 6 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes the central government to virtually collapse in the face of warlords, including Sun Yat-sen

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 8 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting
  • Jun 10 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • Jun 10 Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks
  • Jun 12 Tennis legend Bill Tilden's 1st appearance at US tennis championship
  • Jun 12 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Molla Bjurstedt outclasses Louise Hammond Raymond 6-0, 6-1

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 14 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jun 14 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • Jun 15 Boys Scouts of America forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Boeing Model 1 [B & W Seaplane], the 1st Boeing product, flies for the 1st time

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • Jun 16 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • Jun 16 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • Jun 17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 17 US troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
  • Jun 18 Yanks score in every inning but 8th to beat Indians 19-3 in baseball
  • Jun 21 Boston Rube Forster no-hits NY Yankees, 2-0
  • Jun 21 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under Gen. Pershing

AgreementContract of Interest

Jun 24 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract

Actress Mary Pickford
Actress
Mary Pickford
  • Jun 25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • Jun 26 Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on their jerseys (one game)
  • Jun 30 US Open Men's Golf, Minikahda GC: Amateur Chick Evans leads wire-to-wire to set new Open scoring record and win his only Open title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Jock Hutchison

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

Jun 30 General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits" the day before the Battle of the Somme began
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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 4 Cecil Blacker, British Army officer, born in York, England (d. 2002)
  • Jun 4 Fernand Leduc, Canadian painter (The Automatistes), born in Viauville, Montreal, Quebec (d. 2014)
  • Jun 4 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (Nobel 1998), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • Jun 5 Eddie Joost, baseball player
  • Jun 5 Jack Sutherland, journalist
  • Jun 5 Syd Barnes, cricketer (Australian batsmen of 30's/40's)

Person of interestFrancis Crick

Jun 8 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure and 1962 Nobel laureate, born in Northampton, England (d. 2004)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • Jun 8 Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (L'imperatore di Capri), born in Salò, Lombardy, Italy (d. 2007)
  • Jun 9 Robert McNamara, American United States Secretary of Defense (1961-68), played major role in US escalation in Vietnam, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2009)
  • Jun 10 Bill Waddington, British actor/comedian (Percy-Coronation Street)
  • Jun 12 Irwin Allen, American director (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Jun 12 Ivan Tors, Hungarian TV producer (Sea Hunt, Flipper), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1983)
  • Jun 14 Karl-Rudi Griesbach, German composer, born in Breckerfeld, Germany (d. 2000)
  • Jun 14 Dorothy McGuire, American actress (Gentlemen's Agreement, Old Yeller, Summer Magic), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • Jun 15 Marshall Field IV, publisher/editor (Chic Daily News, Sunday Times)
  • Jun 16 Francis Lopez, composer
  • Jun 16 Hank Luisetti, NBA forward (1st to use a one-handed shot)
  • Jun 17 Einar Englund, Finnish composer, born in Gotland, Sweden (d. 1999)
  • Jun 17 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • Jun 17 Ted Atkinson, American jockey (US Champion 1944, 46), born in Toronto, Canada (d. 2005)
  • Jun 18 John Young, Scottish actor and TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 19 Pat Buttram, actor (Mr Haney-Green Acres)
  • Jun 19 George Pravda, Austria-Hungary, actor (Thunderball, Firefox), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • Jun 20 Johnny Morris, British broadcaster and actor (Once in a Lifetime), born in Newport, Wales (d. 1999)
  • Jun 20 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • Jun 20 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada (d. 1973)
  • Jun 21 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 22 Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
  • Jun 23 Irene Worth [Hattie Abrams], American actress (Nicolas & Alexandra), born in Fairbury, Nebraska (d. 2002)
  • Jun 23 Len Hutton, cricketer (England opener, 364 v Australia The Oval 1938)
  • Jun 24 John Ciardi, poet/critic (translated Dante)
  • Jun 25 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 27 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jun 27 Hallvard Olav Johnsen, Norwegian composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Jun 29 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, born in Chryston, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 29 Ruth Warrick, American actress and singer (Citizen Kane, All My Children), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2005)

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 4 Mildred J. Hill, American composer and musician (Happy Birthday To You), dies at 56

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

Jun 5 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • Jun 6 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), dies at 56
  • Jun 7 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • Jun 14 João Simões Lopes Neto, Brazilian writer (b. 1865)
  • Jun 18 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • Jun 18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (WWI), killed
  • Jun 23 Victor Chapman, French-American pilot renowned during WW1 (1st American pilot to die in WW1), succumbs to wounds at age 26

Person of interestThomas Eakins

Jun 25 Thomas Eakins, American artist, dies at 71

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • Jun 28 Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)