What Happened in June 1916

Historical Events

  • Jun 2 Battle of Verdun: German troops, under Lt Rackow, launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.
  • Jun 3 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Jun 4 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • Jun 5 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire

Historic Event

Jun 6 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes central government to virtually collapse in the face of pressure from warlords, and from political reformers including Sun Yat-sen

  • Jun 6 Voters in East Cleveland, Ohio approve women suffrage

Historic Event

Jun 7 Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

  • Jun 8 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting
  • Jun 10 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • Jun 10 Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks
  • Jun 12 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Molla Bjurstedt outclasses Louise Hammond Raymond 6-0, 6-1

Presidential Convention

Jun 14 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"

  • Jun 14 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war

Historic Event

Jun 15 Boeing Model 1 [B & W Seaplane], the 1st Boeing product, flies for the 1st time

  • Jun 15 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • Jun 16 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • Jun 16 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • Jun 17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 17 US troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
  • Jun 21 Boston Red Sox pitcher Rube Foster no-hits New York Yankees, 2-0 at Fenway Park
  • Jun 21 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under General Pershing

Contract of Interest

Jun 24 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract

  • Jun 25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • Jun 26 Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on jerseys in a game against Chicago WS; first time MLB players identified by numbers corresponding to those on scorecard
  • Jun 30 US Open Men's Golf, Minikahda GC: Amateur Chick Evans leads wire-to-wire to set new Open scoring record and win his only Open title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Jock Hutchison

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Ki Aldrich, American College Football Hall of Fame linebacker (TCU; Pro Bowl 1939, 42; Chicago Cardinals, Washington Redskins), born in Rogers, Texas (d. 1983)
  • Jun 4 Cecil Blacker, British Army officer, born in York, England (d. 2002)
  • Jun 4 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (co-winner Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1998), and educator, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • Jun 5 Eddie Joost, American baseball player and manager (Philadelphia Athletics), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2011)
  • Jun 5 Jack Sutherland, Scottish journalist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 5 Sid Barnes, Australian cricket batsmen (13 Tests, 3 x 100, 5 x 50, HS 234; NSWCA), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1973)

Francis CrickFrancis Crick (1916-2004)

Jun 8 English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure, with James Watson (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1962), born in Northampton, England [1] [2]

  • Jun 8 Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (L'imperatore di Capri), born in Salò, Lombardy, Italy (d. 2007)
  • Jun 9 Robert McNamara, American United States Secretary of Defense (1961-68), played major role in US escalation in Vietnam, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2009)
  • Jun 10 Bill Waddington, British actor and comedian (Percy-Coronation Street), born in Oldham, England (d. 2000)
  • Jun 12 Irwin Allen, American film and television producer (Land of the Giants; The Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Jun 12 Ivan Tors, Hungarian TV producer (Sea Hunt, Flipper), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1983)
  • Jun 14 Dorothy McGuire, American actress (Gentlemen's Agreement, Old Yeller, Summer Magic), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • Jun 14 Karl-Rudi Griesbach, German composer, born in Breckerfeld, Germany (d. 2000)
  • Jun 15 Marshall Field IV, publisher/editor (Chic Daily News, Sunday Times)
  • Jun 16 Angelo "Hank" Luisetti, American collegiate basketball forward (Stanford, 1935-38), 1st to use a one-handed shot, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2002)
  • Jun 16 Francis Lopez, Basque-French chausson and operetta composer (La Belle de Cadiz; Andalousie; The Three Musketeers), born in Montbeliard, France (d. 1995)
  • Jun 17 Einar Englund, Finnish composer, born in Gotland, Sweden (d. 1999)
  • Jun 17 Ted Atkinson, American jockey (US Champion 1944, 46), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2005)
  • Jun 17 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • Jun 18 John Young, Scottish actor and TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 18 Roman Toi, Estonian-Canadian composer, choral conductor and organist, born in Kõo Parish, Viljandi, Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 2018)
  • Jun 19 George Pravda, Austria-Hungary, actor (Thunderball, Firefox), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • Jun 19 Pat Buttram, actor (Mr Haney-Green Acres)
  • Jun 20 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada (d. 1973)
  • Jun 20 Johnny Morris, British broadcaster and actor (Once in a Lifetime), born in Newport, Wales (d. 1999)
  • Jun 20 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • Jun 21 Buddy O'Connor, Canadian Hockey HOF center (Stanley Cup 1944, 46 Montreal Canadiens; Hart Memorial Trophy & Lady Byng Memorial Trophy 1948), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1977)
  • Jun 21 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 22 Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
  • Jun 23 Irene Worth [Hattie Abrams], American actress (Nicolas & Alexandra), born in Fairbury, Nebraska (d. 2002)
  • Jun 23 Len Hutton, English cricket batsman (79 Tests, 19 x 100, HS 364, BA 56.67; Yorkshire CCC), born in Fulneck, Pudsey, England (d. 1990)
  • Jun 24 John Ciardi, American poet, translator (Dante's "Divine Comedy"), and literary commentator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • Jun 24 Ruth Shaw Wylie, American composer (Spring Madness; Psychogram; Nova), and educator (Wayne State University, 1949-69), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1989)
  • Jun 25 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 27 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jun 27 Hallvard Olav Johnsen, Norwegian composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Jun 27 Robert Normann, Norwegian jazz guitar pioneer, accordionist, and composer, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1998)
  • Jun 29 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, born in Chryston, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 29 Ruth Warrick, American actress and singer (Citizen Kane, All My Children), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2005)

Famous Deaths

Horatio KitchenerHoratio Kitchener (1850-1916)

Jun 5 British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

  • Jun 5 Mildred J. Hill, American composer and musician ("Good Morning To All" which later became "Happy Birthday To You"), dies at 56

Yuan ShikaiYuan Shikai (1859-1916)

Jun 6 Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), dies of uremia at 56

  • Jun 7 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • Jun 14 João Simões Lopes Neto, Brazilian writer (b. 1865)
  • Jun 18 Helmuth von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • Jun 18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (1st flying ace of WWI), shot down over Northern France at 25
  • Jun 24 Victor Chapman, French-American pilot renowned during WW1 (1st American pilot to die in WW1), succumbs to wounds at age 26

Thomas EakinsThomas Eakins (1844-1916)

Jun 25 American artist (The Gross Clinic), dies at 71

  • Jun 28 Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)