What Happened in March 1916

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • Mar 8 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • Mar 9 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • Mar 9 Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • Mar 12 French airship mistakenly attacks and sinks British submarine D3 with loss of all hands
  • Mar 14 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Cumières-le-Mort-Homme and Chattancourt in France
  • Mar 15 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • Mar 15 General Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Pancho Villa into Mexico
  • Mar 15 University of Ghent taken under Dutch control
  • Mar 16 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty
  • Mar 20 Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
  • Mar 21 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 24 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'
  • Mar 25 Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for heavyweight boxing title in NYC

Music Premiere

Mar 28 First performance of "Jerusalem" by George Parry set to words by William Blake at a 'Fight for Right' meeting at the Queen’s Hall, London

  • Mar 30 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory
  • Mar 31 Dutch government ends all military engagements

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Bing Devine, American MLB executive (St. Louis Cardinals, NY Mets), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • Mar 2 Anne Vondeling, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Mar 2 Bernard George Stevens, British composer, born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • Mar 4 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (Botteghe Oscure)
  • Mar 4 Hans Eysenck, German born British psychologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Mar 5 Ian Parrott, British-Welsh composer (The Black Ram), born in Streatham, England (d. 2012)
  • Mar 6 George "Red" Callender, American jazz and session string bass and tuba player, born in Haynesville, Virginia (d. 1982)
  • Mar 6 Rochelle Hudson, American actress (Les Misérables, Imitation of Life, That's My Boy), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1972)
  • Mar 8 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)
  • Mar 8 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • Mar 10 Manuel "Manny" Greenhill, American record producer and manager (d. 1996)
  • Mar 10 Pamela Mason [Ostrer], British actress, author and talk-show host (Lady Possessed), born in Rochford, England (d. 1996)
  • Mar 11 Ezra Jack Keats, children's literature author (d. 1983)

Harold Wilson

Mar 11 Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1964-70, 1974-76), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 1995)

  • Mar 13 Ina Ray Hutton, American orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984)
  • Mar 13 Jacque Fresco, American industrial designer and founder of the Venus Project, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • Mar 13 Lindy Boggs (née Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne), American politician (US Representative from Louisiana, 1973-97), and diplomat, born in New Roads, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • Mar 14 Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter
  • Mar 14 Rodolfo Hoyos {Jr}, Mexican-American actor (The Brave One; Viva Valdez -"Luis"), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Mar 15 Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • Mar 15 Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)
  • Mar 15 Harry James, American swing-era bandleader, trumpeter and husband to Betty Grable, born in Albany, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • Mar 16 Lloyd McBride, union president (United Steelworkers)
  • Mar 16 Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (All the King's Men, The Exorcist, Giant), born in Joliet, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • Mar 17 David Stafford-Clark, English psychiatrist, born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1999)
  • Mar 17 Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral, Fleet Air Arm pilot of the WWII
  • Mar 17 Ray Ellington, British singer (d. 1985)
  • Mar 18 Jody Gilbert, American actress (Willard, Shaggy, Blonde Dynamite), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 1979)
  • Mar 18 Louis Toebosch, Dutch composer, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 2009)
  • Mar 19 Eric Christmas, British actor (d. 2000)
  • Mar 19 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • Mar 20 Pierre Messmer, PM (France)
  • Mar 22 George Wyle [Bernard Weissman], American composer (The Ballad of Gilligan's Island"; "It's the Most Wonderful Time of the Year"), and orchestra leader (Flip Wilson Show), born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • Mar 24 Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
  • Mar 25 Nikolay Ivanovich Peyko, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1995)
  • Mar 26 Bill Edrich, English cricketer (Middlesex & England batsman, Compton's mate)
  • Mar 26 Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972), born in Monessen, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Mar 26 Mort Abrahams, American producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes), born in New York
  • Mar 26 Sterling Hayden, American actor (Dr Strangelove, Asphalt Jungle, Cobra), born in Upper Montclair, New Jersey (d. 1986)
  • Mar 26 Vic Schoen, American arranger, composer, and orchestra leader (The Andrews Sisters: Dinah Shore; Patti Page), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2000)

Eugene McCarthy

Mar 29 Eugene McCarthy, American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, born in Watkins, Minnesota (d. 2005)

  • Mar 29 John Paul, British colonial administrator, Governor-General (Bahamas), born in Weymouth, Dorset (d. 2004)
  • Mar 31 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)
  • Mar 31 John Vivyan, actor (Imitation of Life, Mr Lucky), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 31 Lucille Bliss, American voice actress (Cinderella, The Secret of NIMH), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Mar 31 Tommy Bolt, American golfer (US Open 1958), born in Haworth, Oklahoma (d. 2008)

Famous Weddings

J. R. R. Tolkien

Mar 22 British author of "The Lord of the Rings", J.R.R. Tolkien marries Edith Mary Bratt at St. Mary Immaculate Roman Catholic Church, Warwick

Wedding of Interest

Mar 27 Actress Gloria Swanson (17) weds actor Wallace Beery (30)


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 Elisabeth OL [Carmen Sylva], Queen of Romania, dies at 72
  • Mar 4 Franz Marc, German painter/co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • Mar 9 Kenneth Hutchings, English cricketer (exciting England batsman, WWI), dies fighting at the Battle of the Somme at 33
  • Mar 12 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), dies at 39
  • Mar 19 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • Mar 20 Ota Benga, Congolese pygmy (b. 1884)
  • Mar 21 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art expert, dies at 72
  • Mar 24 Enrique Granados, Spanish concert pianist, and composer (Goyescas), drowns crossing the English Channel when his ferry is sunk by a German torpedo attack at 48

Susan Blow

Mar 27 Susan Blow, American educator who pioneered kindergarten education and was known as the "Mother of the Kindergarten", dies at 72