On This Day

What Happened in November 1916

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
  • Nov 1 Broadway theatre owner and producer Harry H. Frazee and Hugh Ward buy MLB club the Boston Red Sox for approximately $700,000 from Joseph Lannin
  • Nov 2 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • Nov 3 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar

Historic Event

Nov 5 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

  • Nov 5 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
  • Nov 5 The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • Nov 7 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Election of Interest

Nov 7 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) is elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

Election of Interest

Nov 7 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes

  • Nov 9 Ammunitions ship explodes at Bakaritsa harbour, near Archangel, Soviet Union, approx. 600 killed, 800 injured (OS 26 Oct)
  • Nov 13 British offensive at Ancre, Belgium
  • Nov 13 Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription

Historic Event

Nov 15 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

Historic Event

Nov 16 Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 16 I. Berlin, V. Herbert, H. Blossoms musical premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

Nov 18 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

Film & TV History

Nov 19 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Picture; the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers

  • Nov 21 HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people
  • Nov 24 Mexican and US representatives sign a protocol at Atlantic City, under which Pershing's troops will withdraw and each nation's army will guard the border. President Carranza of Mexico will refuse to accept it
  • Nov 26 Greece declares war on Germany
  • Nov 26 Addressing the Chamber of Commerce in Cincinnati, US President Woodrow Wilson declares that 'The business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched'
  • Nov 28 1st German air attack on London
  • Nov 29 US declares martial law in Dominican Republic
  • Nov 30 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 2 Al Campanis, Greek baseball second baseman and executive (first Greek player in MLB history; GM LA Dodgers 1968-87), born in Kos, Greece (d. 1998)

Walter Cronkite

Nov 4 Walter Cronkite, American broadcast journalist and news anchor (CBS Evening News 1962-81), born in St Joseph, Missouri (d. 2009)

  • Nov 4 Ruth Handler [née Mosko], American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • Nov 4 John Basilone, US Marine (Medal of Honor at the Battle for Henderson Field), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1945)
  • Nov 5 Len Wilkinson, English cricket spin bowler (3 Tests, 7 wickets; Lancashire CCC), born in Northwich, England (d. 2002)
  • Nov 5 Jim Tabor, American MLB 3rd baseman (2 x grand slams in one game), born in New Hope, Alabama (d. 1953)
  • Nov 6 Ray Conniff, American bandleader and musician (Ray Conniff Singers), born in Attleboro, Massachusetts (d. 2002)
  • Nov 7 Joe Bushkin, American jazz pianist (Bunny Berigan; Tommy Dorsey; Bing Crosby), composer ("Oh! Look At Me Know"), and TV host (A Couple of Joes), born in New York City (d. 2004)
  • Nov 8 Frank McGuire, American basketball coach (won 550 games in 30 college seasons), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Nov 8 Peter Weiss, German author and playwright (Marat/Sade), born in Nowawes, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Nov 10 Billy May, American orchestra leader and composer (The Green Hornet, Mod Squad, Batman), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2004)
  • Nov 10 Guido Turchi, Italian composer (Invettiva), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2010)
  • Nov 11 Eladio Rusconi, writer/publisher/businessman
  • Nov 12 Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)
  • Nov 12 Liam Dunn, American actor (Koska & his Family), born in New Jersey (d. 1976)
  • Nov 12 Rogelio de la Rosa, Filipino actor and politician (d. 1986)
  • Nov 14 Sherwood Schwartz, TV creator (Brady Bunch, Gilligan Is), born in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Nov 14 George Fierstone, British jazz and session drummer, (The Skyrockets), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • Nov 15 Ruth Nita Barrow, 1st female Governor-General of Barbados (1990-95), born in Saint Lucy, Barbados (d. 1995)
  • Nov 16 Daws Butler, American animation voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • Nov 17 Winson Hudson, American civil rights activist (rural Mississippi), born in Harmony, Mississippi (d. 2004)
  • Nov 18 James L. Lyons, American jazz promoter (founder of the Monterey Jazz Festival) (d. 1994)
  • Nov 20 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, born in Voorburg, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Nov 20 Robert A. Bruce, American cardiologist and pioneer (exercise cardiology), born in Somerville, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • Nov 20 John Elwyn, British painter, born in Adpar, Wales (d. 1997)
  • Nov 20 Evelyn Keyes, American actress (Adventure of Martin Eden), born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2008)
  • Nov 21 Sid Luckman, American NFL quarterback (Chicago Bears), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1998)
  • Nov 23 Michael Gough, English actor (Hammer Horror Films, Search for the Nile), born in Kuala Lumpur, British Malaya (d. 2011)
  • Nov 24 Forrest J Ackerman, invented the term "sci-fi"
  • Nov 26 Bob Elliott, MLB player (Pittsburgh Pirates, Boston Braves), born in San Francisco (d. 1966)
  • Nov 26 Mareo Ishiketa, Japanese composer, born in Wakayama, Japan (d. 1996)
  • Nov 27 Chick Hearn, American NBA broadcaster (called 3,338 LA Lakers games), born in Aurora, Illinois (d. 2002)
  • Nov 28 Lilian Baels, Princess of Réthy, English 2nd wife of Belgian king Leopold III, born in London (d. 2002)
  • Nov 29 Valentino Bucchi, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1976)
  • Nov 29 Frances "Fran" Ryan, American actress (Stripes, The Long Riders), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2000)
  • Nov 30 Michael Gwynn, English actor (Village of Damned, Question 7), born in Bath, England (d. 1976)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Percival Lowell

Nov 12 Percival Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto) and founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, dies of a stroke at 61

  • Nov 13 Frederik Septimus Kelly, Australian-British composer and rower (Summer Olympic gold 1908), dies at 35
  • Nov 14 Henry George, Jr., American politician (b. 1862)
  • Nov 14 Saki, British writer (b. 1870)
  • Nov 15 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), dies at 70
  • Nov 15 Luis Muñoz Rivera, Puerto Rican journalist (founded Federalist Party), dies at 57

Franz Joseph I

Nov 21 Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), dies of pneumonia at 86 after catching a cold taking a walk

  • Nov 22 Jack London, American activist and author (Call of the Wild), dies at 40
  • Nov 23 Eduard Napravnik, Czech conductor and composer, dies at 77
  • Nov 23 Leonard Moon, English cricketer (WW I 4 Tests for England 1905-06), dies
  • Nov 24 John Francis Barnett, British composer, dies at 79
  • Nov 24 Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-born gunsmith (b. 1840)

Inez Milholland

Nov 25 Inez Milholland, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), labor lawyer and socialist, dies at 30 after suffering from pernicious anemia

  • Nov 27 James Cutler Dunn Parker, composer, dies at 88
  • Nov 28 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), dies at 59