On This Day

What Happened in October 1916

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 Pitching in his 3rd start in 5 days, Philadelphia Phillies right hander Grover Cleveland Alexander records his 20th century MLB record 16th shutout of year, a 2-0 win v Boston Braves
  • Oct 2 Zoological Society of San Diego founded, in San Diego, California
  • Oct 4 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time

Sports History

Oct 7 Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeats Cumberland, 222-0; most lopsided score in the history of US college football

  • Oct 7 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • Oct 10 In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • Oct 12 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Robins, 4-1 at Braves Field to clinch series, 4-1 and retain title

PGA Championship

Oct 14 1st PGA Championship Men's Golf, Siwanoy CC, Bronxville, NY: Englishman Jim Barnes defeats Jock Hutchison by 1 hole in the 36-hole final

  • Oct 14 Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • Oct 14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • Oct 16 Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus

Historic Event

Oct 16 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic in the US at 46 Amboy St, Brooklyn

Meeting of Interest

Oct 16 T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein

  • Oct 17 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage

Historic Event

Oct 19 France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos

Historic Event

Oct 22 US suffragette Inez Milholland collapses during a speech in Los Angeles (dies weeks later). Her last word's are to President Woodrow Wilson “Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?”

  • Oct 24 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • Oct 26 American sex educator Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
  • Oct 27 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • Oct 28 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • Oct 31 Clare Kummer's play "Good Gracious Annabelle" premieres in NYC

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Tibor Reich, textile designer
  • Oct 2 George Siravo, American big band and session saxophonist, composer, arranger and conductor (Columbia Records), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2000)
  • Oct 3 María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, Spanish marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 2005)

James Herriot

Oct 3 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], English veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham (d. 1995)

  • Oct 3 Shelby Storck, American television producer, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1969)
  • Oct 4 Owen Tudor Williams, civil engineer
  • Oct 4 George Sidney, American film director (d. 2002)
  • Oct 5 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • Oct 6 Tommy Lawton, footballer
  • Oct 7 Walt W Rostow, American economist (Politics & Stages of Growth), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 8 Spark Matsunaga, United States Senator from Hawaii (1977-90), born in Kukuiula, Hawaii (d. 1990)
  • Oct 10 Benson Fong, American actor (Charlie Chan, Purple Heart), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1987)
  • Oct 10 Scott Huston, American composer, born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1991)
  • Oct 12 Alice Childress, American playwright, actress and writer, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1994)
  • Oct 13 David Hollestelle, Dutch baritone singer (Dutch Radio Chorus), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Oct 14 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • Oct 16 George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
  • Oct 17 Robert Lowery, actor (Murder Over NY), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Oct 17 Tadeusz Paciorkiewicz, Polish organist and composer, born in Sierpc, Poland (d. 1998)
  • Oct 18 Peter Shepherd, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • Oct 19 David Lewis, actor (Edward Quartermaine-General Hospital), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 19 Emil Gilels, Soviet concert pianist (Brussels Competition - 1st prize, 1938), born in Odessa, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1985)
  • Oct 19 Karl-Birger Blomdahl, Swedish composer (Facettes; Aniara), born in Växjö, Sweden (d. 1968)
  • Oct 19 Toby Rowland, theatrical manager
  • Oct 21 Andrea Checchi, Italian actor (The Lady Without Camelias, Two Anonymous Letters), born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1974)
  • Oct 21 Tomojirō Ikenouchi, Japanese composer and educator, born in Tokyo (d. 1991)
  • Oct 22 Michael F Howard, British Major-General (Gold Stick to the Queen)
  • Oct 22 Sid Miller, Shenandoah Pa, actor (Donald O'Connor Texaco Show)
  • Oct 24 Pierre Sancan, French composer (Sonatine for flute and piano; La Légende de Icare), pianist, conductor, and teacher (Conservatoire de Paris, 1956-85), born in Mazamet, France (d. 2008)
  • Oct 27 Bob de Lange [Jacob Bernard de Lange], Dutch actor and director (Daniel), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Oct 27 Kazimierz Brandys, Polish essayist and writer, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2000)
  • Oct 28 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, born in Inverness (d. 1994)
  • Oct 30 Leon Day, American baseball pitcher (Negro Leagues), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1995)
  • Oct 31 Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • Oct 31 Ken Keltner, American MLB baseball third baseman, 1937-50, 7x All-Star (Cleveland Indians; Boston Red Sox), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1991)

Famous Weddings

Jack Dempsey

Oct 9 Heavyweight boxing champ Jack Dempsey (21) weds Maxine Gates in Farmington, Utah


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Benjamin Kidel, English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies at 58
  • Oct 16 Klaas/old stick Kater, christian worker's union leader, dies at 73
  • Oct 21 Karl von Storgkh, premier Austria, assassinated
  • Oct 26 Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader, dies at 83
  • Oct 28 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau), dies at 77
  • Oct 28 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • Oct 30 Silas Gamaliel Pratt, American composer (The Tragedy of the Deep), dies at 70
  • Oct 31 Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1852)