On This Day

What Happened in September 1916

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • Sep 1 US Keating-Owen Act bans child labor banned from interstate commerce
  • Sep 1 Annie Besant founds the India Home Rule League
  • Sep 3 Battle of Verdun: French counterattacks on German flanks push their frontline further from the town

Historic Event

Sep 3 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

  • Sep 4 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Christy Mathewson & Mordecai Brown face each other for a final time; after 25 contests Mathewson takes a 13-12 advantage with Reds 10-8 winners over Cubs

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 5 US National Championship Men's Tennis: R. Norris Williams beats Bill Johnston 4-6, 6-4, 0-6, 6-2, 6-4 for his 2nd and final US singles crown

Film Release

Sep 5 "Intolerance", silent film directed by D. W. Griffith, starring Vera Lewis and Ralph Lewis, is released

First Supermarket

Sep 6 1st true supermarket, the "Piggly Wiggly" is opened by Clarence Saunders in Memphis, Tennessee

  • Sep 7 Giants beat Brooklyn 4-1, to launch NY's record 26-game winning streak
  • Sep 7 Workmen's Compensation Act passed by Congress
  • Sep 8 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax
  • Sep 11 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • Sep 11 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men
  • Sep 14 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game

1st Use of Tanks in War

Sep 15 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme

  • Sep 17 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Historic Event

Sep 17 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

  • Sep 19 First landing at Schiphol Airport, Netherlands (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • Sep 19 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • Sep 24 Indians' Marty Kavanaugh, hits AL's 1st pinch-hit grand slam
  • Sep 26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • Sep 27 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • Sep 27 Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees a palace coup by his aunt Zauditu

Historic Event

Sep 29 American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first billionaire

  • Sep 30 Giants lose to Braves 8-3, ends 26 consecutive win streak

Historic Event

Sep 30 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens; he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies


Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner
  • Sep 2 Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney, American tennis player (141 US tennis titles), born in LA, CA, (d. 2014)
  • Sep 2 Penny Santon [Pierina Burlando], American actress (Fletch, Roll Out, Matt Houston), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • Sep 3 Clyde Hurley, American session and big band jazz trumpeter (Glenn Miller - "Tuxedo Junction"; "In The Mood"), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 1963)
  • Sep 4 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet) (d. 1988)
  • Sep 5 Frank Yerby, American novelist (The Foxes of Harrow), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Sep 5 Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian (Wayne and Shuster), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2002)

Ed Sabol

Sep 11 Ed Sabol, American filmmaker (NFL Films), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2015)

  • Sep 12 Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver, born in Tinley Park, Illinois (d. 1961)
  • Sep 12 Edward Binns, American actor (12 Angry Men; Fail-Safe), brn in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)

Roald Dahl

Sep 13 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

  • Sep 13 Richard "Dick" Haymes, Argentine-American actor and singer (Sate Fair; Real Life; Betrayal), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1980)
  • Sep 14 Eric Bentley, British-American critic and writer (In Search of Theater), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England
  • Sep 15 Margaret Lockwood, British actress (Cast a Dark Shadow, The Lady Vanishes), born in Karachi, India (d. 1990)
  • Sep 16 Don Ryder, Baron Ryder of Eaton Hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House), born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2003)
  • Sep 16 Willem Noordhoek, Dutch photographer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Sep 16 M.S. [Madurai Shanmukhavadivu] Subbulakshmi, Indian singer (1st singer to be awarded the Bharat Ratna), born in Madurai, Madras Presidency (d. 2004)
  • Sep 16 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader, born in Saint Peter, Barbados (d. 1999)
  • Sep 16 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Sep 17 Mary Stewart, British sci-fi author (Crystal Cave), born in Sunderland, England (d. 2014)
  • Sep 17 Ove Abildgaard, Danish poet (Uglegylp), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 1990)
  • Sep 17 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (electronics) who invented the over-the-horizon radar that could detect objects thousands of miles away and peer around the Earth's curvature, born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • Sep 17 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician (Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (President), 1974-84; Prime Minister, 1952-74; General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party, 1940-54), born in Davst sum, Uvs aimag, Outer Mongolia (d. 1991)
  • Sep 18 John Jacob Rhodes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Council Grove, Kansas (d. 2003)
  • Sep 18 Rossano Brazzi, Italian actor (Final Justice, South Pacific, The Barefoot Contessa), born in Bolognia, Italy (d. 1994)
  • Sep 18 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited (d. 1989)
  • Sep 21 Jagernath Lachmon, Surinamese politician, born in Nickerie, Suriname (d. 2001)
  • Sep 21 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (French Minister of Culture), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2003)

Aldo Moro

Sep 23 Aldo Moro, Italian Prime Minister (1963-68 and 1974-76), born in Maglie, Italy (d. 1978)

  • Sep 24 John Lapsley, British air marshal, born in India (d. 1995)
  • Sep 25 Tolia Nikiprowetzky, Russian-French composer, ethno-musicologist and broadcaster, born in Feodosia, Crimea, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Sep 25 Jessica Anderson, Australian novelist (Tirra Lirra By The River; The Impersonators), born in Gayndah, Queensland, Australia (d. 2010)
  • Sep 25 Jim Benton, American football end (All Pro 1945, 46; NFL 1940s All-Decade Team; Cleveland/LA Rams, Chicago Bears; first to rush 300+ yards 1945), born in Carthage, Arkansas (d. 2001)
  • Sep 27 Samuel S. Stratton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1990)
  • Sep 27 Frank Handlen, American artist
  • Sep 28 Lord Cockfield, Horsham, United Kingdom, British politician (European Commissioner)

Peter Finch

Sep 28 Peter Finch, British-Australian radio, stage, and BAFTA and Academy Award-winning screen actor (Network; The Nun's Story; Raid on Entebbe), born in South Kensington, London, England (d. 1977)

  • Sep 29 Carl Ronald Giles, English cartoonist (Giles), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Sep 29 Minao Shibata, Japanese composer and musicologist, born in Tokyo (d. 1996)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 4 José Echegaray, Spanish politician and dramatist (Nobel Prize for Literature 1904), dies at 84
  • Sep 10 Friedrich Gernsheim, German composer, dies at 77
  • Sep 14 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies at 60
  • Sep 14 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, dies at 55
  • Sep 15 Isidore Legouix, French composer, dies at 82
  • Sep 16 Basil W. Duke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 78
  • Sep 25 Julius Fučík, Czech composer, dies at 44
  • Sep 27 Emile A G Verhaeren, Belgian writer (Les Heures du Soir), dies at 61