What Happened in July 1917

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 1 Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • Jul 1 Reds' Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
  • Jul 1 Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
  • Jul 2 Riots in East St Louis Mo
  • Jul 3 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride Palace, Petrograd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

Jul 9 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

  • Jul 10 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • Jul 12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • Jul 13 Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jul 20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 20 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • Jul 21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • Jul 22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • Jul 25 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jul 27 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jul 30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31 3rd battle of Ypres begins

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Pierre Dubois, Dutch literary
  • Jul 3 Helene Cordet, entertainer/nightclub owner
  • Jul 3 João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)
  • Jul 5 Glenn Reeves, actor (Defending Your Life), born in Massillon, Ohio
  • Jul 6 Hugo Cole, composer and music critic, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Jul 6 Hugo Yarnold, cricketer (Worcestershire keeper & Test umpire)
  • Jul 6 Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach (d. 2004)
  • Jul 7 Elton Britt, Marshall Ark, country singer (Sat Night Jamboree)
  • Jul 7 Lawrence F O'Brien, (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
  • Jul 7 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadoran politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 7 Woodrow Wilson "Red" Sovine, American country music singer, born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 1980)
  • Jul 8 Faye Emerson, American actress (I've Got a Secret), born in Elizabeth, Louisiana (d. 1983)
  • Jul 8 Glenn Langan, actor (Amazing Colossal Man, Margie), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Jul 8 Pamela Brown, actress (Cleopatra, Beckett), born in London, England
  • Jul 9 Ted Steele, orchestra leader (Cavalcade of Stars), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Jul 10 Don Herbert, Waconia Minn, scientist/TV host (Watch Mr Wizard)
  • Jul 10 Reg Smyth, English cartoonist (Andy Capp)
  • Jul 10 Hugh Alexander, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • Jul 12 Andrew Wyeth, Chadds Ford Pa, painter (Christina's World)
  • Jul 14 Arthur Leavins, violinist
  • Jul 14 Douglas Edwards, Alda Oklahoma, newscaster (CBS Evening News, FYI)
  • Jul 15 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 16 William Bishop, actor (Steve-It's a Great Life), born in Oak Park, Illinois
  • Jul 17 Lou Bourdeau, baseball player/manager (1948 AP Athlete of Year)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 17 Phyllis Diller, American comedienne and actress (Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number), born in Lima, Ohio (d. 2012)

Comedienne and Actress Phyllis Diller
Comedienne and Actress
Phyllis Diller
  • Jul 17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • Jul 18 Henri Salvador, French singer (d. 2008)
  • Jul 19 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 19 William W Scranton, (Gov-R-Pa), (d. 2013)
  • Jul 22 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Jul 23 Charles Kerruish, president (Tyndwald Isle of Man)
  • Jul 23 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 Kurt Kreuger, Swiss-German actor (Fear, Unfaithfully Yours), born in Michenberg, Germany (d. 2006)
  • Jul 24 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller
  • Jul 24 Robert Farnon, composer/conductor/arranger
  • Jul 24 Simon Slattvik, Norwegian cross country ski jumper (Olympic gold 1952)
  • Jul 24 Jack Moroney, Australian cricketer (d. 1999)
  • Jul 25 Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1990)
  • Jul 26 Bertil Nordahl, Swedish soccer player (Olympic gold 1948)
  • Jul 26 Richard Desborough Burnell, England, double sculls (Olympic gold 1948)
  • Jul 27 John Cunningham, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • Jul 27 Moses Rascoe, blues Singer
  • Jul 27 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • Jul 27 Bourvil, French actor (d. 1970)
  • Jul 30 Eddy Grove, American actor, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor and theatre manager (King John, Trilby), dies at 64
  • Jul 4 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskreet), dies at 84
  • Jul 8 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • Jul 12 Fournier, Swiss/French postage stamp merchant/forger, dies
  • Jul 14 Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • Jul 16 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • Jul 21 Christopher J Forster, British RAF-pilot/capt, dies in battle
  • Jul 27 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), dies at 75
  • Jul 31 Charlie Finlason, cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test), dies
  • Jul 31 Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
  • Jul 31 Hedd Wyn, Welsh poet (b. 1887)