What Happened in July 1917

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 1 Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • Jul 1 Reds' Fred Toney pitches 2 complete games in doubleheader victories over Pirates, allows 3 hits each game, fewest allowed by any pitcher winning 2 MLB games in one day
  • Jul 1 In contradiction of a state law, the Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday MLB game in Brooklyn. Owner and manager arrested but escape with a fine
  • Jul 2 Riots in East St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 3 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride Palace, Petrograd

RussiaRed October

Jul 4 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

Historic CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

Jul 9 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804
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  • Jul 10 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • Jul 12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona
  • Jul 13 Vision of Virgin Mary appears to children of Fatima, Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jul 20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 20 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • Jul 21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • Jul 22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 Trial of Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari begins in Paris for allegedly spying for Germany and thus causing the deaths of 50,000 soldiers

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • Jul 25 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jul 27 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jul 30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31 3rd Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) begins

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Pierre Dubois, Dutch literary
  • Jul 3 Hélène Cordet, actress (The Limping Man), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 1996)
  • Jul 3 João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager, born in Alegrete, Brazil (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Manolete [Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez], Spanish bullfighter, born in Córdoba, Andalucia, Spain (d. 1947)
  • Jul 6 Hugo Cole, composer and music critic, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Jul 6 Hugo Yarnold, cricketer (Worcestershire keeper & Test umpire)
  • Jul 6 Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach (d. 2004)
  • Jul 7 Elton Britt, Marshall Ark, country singer (Sat Night Jamboree)
  • Jul 7 Lawrence F O'Brien, (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
  • Jul 7 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadoran politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 7 Woodrow Wilson "Red" Sovine, American country music singer, born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 1980)
  • Jul 8 Faye Emerson, American actress (I've Got a Secret), born in Elizabeth, Louisiana (d. 1983)
  • Jul 8 Glenn Langan, American actor (Amazing Colossal Man, Margie, Jungle Heat, Rapture), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1991)
  • Jul 8 Pamela Brown, British actress (Cleopatra, I Know Where I'm Going!, Beckett), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • Jul 9 Ted Steele, American orchestra leader (Cavalcade of Stars), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1985)
  • Jul 10 Don Herbert, American scientist and TV host (Watch Mr Wizard), born in Waconia, Minnesota (d. 2007)
  • Jul 10 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • Jul 10 Hugh Alexander, American baseball player, born in Buffalo, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • Jul 12 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (Christina's World), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)
  • Jul 14 Arthur Leavins, violinist
  • Jul 14 Douglas Edwards, Alda Oklahoma, newscaster (CBS Evening News, FYI)
  • Jul 15 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 16 William Bishop, American actor (Black Eagle, Adventures in Silverado, It's a Great Life), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 1959)
  • Jul 17 Lou Bourdeau, baseball player/manager (1948 AP Athlete of Year)

Person of interestPhyllis Diller

Jul 17 Phyllis Diller, American comedienne and actress (Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number), born in Lima, Ohio (d. 2012)

Comedienne and Actress Phyllis Diller
Comedienne and Actress
Phyllis Diller
  • Jul 17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • Jul 18 Henri Salvador, French Caribbean singer, born in Cayenne, French Guiana (d. 2008)
  • Jul 19 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Jul 19 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • Jul 22 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Jul 23 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, born in Isle of Man (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 Kurt Kreuger, Swiss-German actor (Fear, Unfaithfully Yours), born in Michenberg, Germany (d. 2006)
  • Jul 23 Ray Scarborough, American MLB pitcher (All Star 1950), born in Mount Gilead, North Carolina (d. 1982)
  • Jul 24 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, born in England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 24 Robert Farnon, Canadian composer and conductor, born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada (d. 2005)
  • Jul 24 Simon Slåttvik, Norwegian cross country ski jumper (Olympic gold 1952), born in Valnesfjord, Norway (d. 2001)
  • Jul 24 Jack Moroney, Australian cricketer, born in Macksville, New South Wales (d. 1999)
  • Jul 25 Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian professional wrestler, born in East York, Ontario, Canada (d. 1990)
  • Jul 26 Bertil Nordahl, Swedish soccer player (Olympic gold 1948), born in Hörnefors, Sweden (d. 1998)
  • Jul 26 Richard Burnell, British rower (Olympic gold 1948), born in Henley-on-Thames, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 27 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 27 Moses Rascoe, American blues singer, born in Windsor, North Carolina (d. 1994)
  • Jul 27 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • Jul 27 Bourvil [André Robert Raimbourg], French actor and singer (Le Corniaud, La Grande Vadrouille), born in Prétot-Vicquemare, France (d. 1970)
  • Jul 30 Eddy Grove, American actor (Dragnet, The Silent Service, Medic), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor and theatre manager (King John, Trilby), dies at 64
  • Jul 4 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskreet), dies at 84
  • Jul 8 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • Jul 12 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, dies at 71
  • Jul 14 Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • Jul 16 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • Jul 21 Christopher J Forster, British RAF-pilot/capt, dies in battle
  • Jul 27 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), dies at 75
  • Jul 31 Charlie Finlason, cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test), dies
  • Jul 31 Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
  • Jul 31 Hedd Wyn, Welsh poet (b. 1887)