On This Day

What Happened in March 1917

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • Mar 1 US government releases the plain text of the "Zimmermann Telegram" to the public
  • Mar 2 Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted
  • Mar 3 US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
  • Mar 3 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [OS=Feb 18]
  • Mar 3 Mexico and the USA renew diplomatic relations
  • Mar 3 German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann publicly admits the "Zimmermann Telegram" is genuine. Generates support for the US declaration of war on Germany in April.

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

Mar 5 US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 7 1st jazz record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company ("Dixie Jazz Band One Step," one side "Livery Stable Blues" other)
  • Mar 8 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]
  • Mar 8 US Senate introduces the Cloture Rule, requiring a two-thirds majority to end debate, at the urging of Woodrow Wilson [1]
  • Mar 10 Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas
  • Mar 11 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
  • Mar 11 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • Mar 12 [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • Mar 12 In the wake of the February Revolution, Communist Party members Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Matvei Muranov arrive in Petrograd (St Petersburg) and seize control of the Pravda newspaper

  • Mar 12 A German submarine sinks an unarmed US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]

  • Mar 16 Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne [OS Mar 3]
  • Mar 17 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
  • Mar 17 Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School

MurderMurder of Interest

Mar 17 Albert Anastasia is convicted of murdering longshoreman George Turino

  • Mar 19 US Supreme Court uphoelds 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • Mar 19 Victor Herbert and Harry Blossom's operetta "Eileen", loosely based on a novel by Herbert's grandfather, premieres at Shubert Theater, New York City
  • Mar 20 After the sinking of 3 more American merchant ships, US President Woodrow Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable
  • Mar 21 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • Mar 22 The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia
  • Mar 23 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 Canadian ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Mar 26 Stanley Cup Final, Seattle Ice Arena, Seattle, WA: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 9-1 for a 3-1 series victory; first US team to win SC
  • Mar 26 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • Mar 28 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • Mar 28 Puccini's "La Rondine" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 31 The Danish West Indies are officially ceded to the US for $25 million and renamed the Virgin Islands

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestDinah Shore

Mar 1 (Fannye) "Dinah" Shore, American singer ("Buttons and Bows"), and TV personality (Dinah Shore Show), born in Winchester, Tennessee (d. 1994)

Singer, Actress and TV Personality Dinah Shore
Singer, Actress and TV Personality
Dinah Shore
  • Mar 1 Robert Lowell, American poet/pacifist (Lord Weary's Castle, Near the Ocean), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Person of interestDesi Arnaz

Mar 2 Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy), born in Santiago de Cuba (d. 1986)

Actor Desi Arnaz
Actor
Desi Arnaz
  • Mar 2 Jim Konstanty, American MLB relief pitcher (MLB All Star 1950; NL MVP 1950; Philadelphia Phillies), born in Strykersville, New York (d. 1976)
  • Mar 2 John Gardner, English classical composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 2011)
  • Mar 2 David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967)
  • Mar 2 Alex Graham, Scottish cartoonist who created the comic strip "Fred Basset", born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1991)
  • Mar 3 Bert van Aerschot, Flemish writer (Elevator, Women)
  • Mar 3 Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)
  • Mar 4 Clyde McCullough, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • Mar 6 J A Mommersteeg, Dutch asst sect of Defense (KVP)
  • Mar 6 Roy Scott, cricketer (one Test NZ v England 1947, 18, 1-74)
  • Mar 6 Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • Mar 6 Frankie Howerd, English comedian (d. 1992)
  • Mar 7 Davis Roberts, American actor (Westworld, Star Trek, The Killers), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1993)
  • Mar 7 Janet Collins, American ballerina, choreographer, and teacher born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2003)
  • Mar 7 Robert Erickson, composer
  • Mar 8 A Marja [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River)
  • Mar 9 Dante Fascell, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Bridgehampton, New York (d. 1998)
  • Mar 10 Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
  • Mar 11 Robert L Carter, Caryville, Florida, American civil rights activist and judge (Brown v. Board of Education, NAACP v. Alabama) (d. 2012)
  • Mar 12 Googie Withers, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing), born in Karachi, India
  • Mar 12 Tom Normanton, British MP
  • Mar 13 Ina Ray Hutton, American orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984)
  • Mar 13 Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author
  • Mar 14 Macha Louis Rosenthal, critic/poet
  • Mar 16 Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • Mar 17 Arthur Basil Cotle, medievalist
  • Mar 17 Brian Boydell, composer
  • Mar 19 Constantin "Dinu" Lipatti, Romanian classical pianist and composer, born in Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1950)
  • Mar 19 Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
  • Mar 20 Dolf Verspoor, literary/interpreter (M Nijhoff Prize 1958)
  • Mar 20 Peter Caddy, founder (Findhorn Community)
  • Mar 20 Vera Lynn 'the Forces Sweetheart', English singer (We'll Meet Again), born in East Ham, London (d. 2020)
  • Mar 21 Frank Hardy, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • Mar 22 Josephine van Gasteren, Dutch actress and director (Bluejackets, De kleine zielen), born in The Hague, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • Mar 22 Charles Pick, British publisher (William Heinemann), (d. 2000)
  • Mar 22 Virginia Grey, LA, actress (Another Thin Man, Idiot's Delight, Idaho)
  • Mar 23 Kenneth Tobey, American actor (The Thing from Another World, Innerspace, Whirlybirds), born in Oakland, California (d. 2002)
  • Mar 23 H C Allen, American historian
  • Mar 23 Johnny Guarnieri, American jazz pianist (Morey Amsterdam Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 1985)
  • Mar 23 Patricia Burke, actress (Forbidden), born in Milan, Italy
  • Mar 24 John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • Mar 24 Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
  • Mar 24 Ed Furgol, American golfer (US Open 1954), born in New York Mills, NY (d. 1997)
  • Mar 25 Nancy Barbato Sinatra, first wife and life-long friend of Frank Sinatra, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2018)
  • Mar 26 Jean Graham Hall, circuit court judge (England)
  • Mar 26 Rufus Thomas [Mr. Swing], American musician (Do the Funky Chicken), born in Cayce, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • Mar 27 Cyrus Vance, US Secretary of State (1977-80), born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 2002)
  • Mar 27 Harry West, Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (1974-79), born in Enniskillen, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • Mar 29 Arthur Knight, CEO (Courtaulds), born in London (d. 2003)
  • Mar 29 Man o' War, American thoroughbred racehorse (Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes 1920), foaled at Nursery Stud, Kentucky (d. 1947)
  • Mar 29 Tommy Holmes, American baseball outfielder (MLB All Star 1945, 48; NL HR leader 1945; Boston Braves) and manager (Boston Braves), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2008)
  • Mar 30 Els Aarne, Estonian composer, born in Makiivka, Russian Empire (d. 1995)
  • Mar 30 Herbert Anderson, American character actor (Dennis The Menace, Battleground), born in Oakland, California (d. 1994)
  • Mar 30 Rudolf Bruci, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 6 Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom, premier of Belgium (1899), dies at 73

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

Mar 8 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, dies at 78

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Mar 18 William Shalders, South African cricket batsman (12 Tests 1895-1907), dies
  • Mar 25 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (b. 1832)
  • Mar 29 Fran Gerbič, Slovenian composer, dies at 76