What Happened in December 1918

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • Dec 1 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • Dec 1 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 4 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st President to travel outside US while in office

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • Dec 9 French troops occupies Mainz
  • Dec 10 John Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League for the 2nd time
  • Dec 13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico" premieres in NYC

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giacomo Puccini
  • Dec 14 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • Dec 14 Sinn Fein candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • Dec 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Dec 16 Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Dec 16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • Dec 17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • Dec 19 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
  • Dec 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • Dec 21 Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore & Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell & Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters & $15,000
  • Dec 26 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Aust after WW I (Vic v NSW)
  • Dec 26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • Dec 27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Dec 31 Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as White Sox manager

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Kirby Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • Dec 2 Milton Delugg, orchestra leader (Tonight Show), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Dec 3 Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
  • Dec 6 Granville James Leveson Gower, land owner
  • Dec 6 Harold Horace Hopkins, inventor (Endoscope)
  • Dec 6 Peter A Juten, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • Dec 6 Willem Oosterheers, resistance fighter
  • Dec 7 Jórunn Viðar, Icelandic composer, born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 2017)
  • Dec 8 Ian Johnson, cricketer (Australian Test captbetween Hassett & Craig)
  • Dec 8 Gérard Souzay, French baritone (d. 2004)
  • Dec 9 Jerome Beatty Jr., American author
  • Dec 10 Anne Gwynne [Marguerite Gwynne Trice], American model and actress (Ride 'em Cowboy, House of Frankenstein), born in Waco, Texas (d. 2003)
  • Dec 10 Anatoly Tarasov, Russian ice hockey player and coach (considered as the father of Russian ice hockey), born in Moscow (d. 1995)

Person of interestAleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Dec 11 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer (Cancer Ward, Nobel 1970), born in Kislovodsk, Russia (d. 2008)

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Dec 12 Joe Williams [Joseph Goreed], American jazz singer (Everyday I have the Blues), born in Cordele, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • Dec 12 Nilda Pinto, Curacao writer (Nanzi), born in Otrobanda (d. 1954)
  • Dec 13 Bill Vukovich, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1953-4), born in Fresno, California (d. 1955)
  • Dec 14 James T. Aubrey, American television executive (President of the CBS television network 1959-65), born in LaSalle, Illinois (d. 1994)
  • Dec 14 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate, born in Bellur, Kolar district, Kingdom of Mysore (d. 2014)
  • Dec 15 Jeff Chandler [Ira Grossel], American actor (Broken Arrow), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1961)
  • Dec 16 Henry Clarke, fashion photographer
  • Dec 16 Pierre Delanoë, French songwriter and lyricist (d. 2006)
  • Dec 19 Professor Longhair [Henry Roeland Byrd], American blues singer and pianist, born in Bogalusa, Louisiana (d. 1980)
  • Dec 21 Donald Regan, White House staffer/US Secretary of Treasury (1981-85)
  • Dec 21 Kurt Waldheim, Austrian 4th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1972-81) and 9th President of Austria (1986-92), born in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria (d. 2007)
  • Dec 22 Frankie Darro [Frank Johnson], American actor (Radio Ranch, Wild Boys of the Road, Valley of Wanted Men), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • Dec 22 William Kennedy, baseball player
  • Dec 23 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • Dec 23 Jose Greco, Italian flamenco dancer (Holiday for Lovers)
  • Dec 23 Kumar Pallana, Indian character actor and vaudevillian (Bottle Rocket, Rushmore), born in Indore, India (d. 2013)

Person of interestAnwar Sadat

Dec 25 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), born in Monufia, Egypt (d. 1981)

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • Dec 25 Eddie Safranski, orchestra leader (Jonathan Winters Show), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 25 Ahmed Ben Bella, Maghnia, Algeria, politician, first President of Algeria, (d. 2012)
  • Dec 26 George Rallis, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2006)
  • Dec 27 John Celardo, American comic strip artist
  • Dec 30 W Eugene Smith, US photographer (Saipan, Walk to Paradise Garden)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Philippine Senator (and later 2nd President) Manuel L. Quezon (40) weds first cousin Aurora Aragon (30) in Hong Kong

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 30 Gangster Al Capone (19) marries Mae Josephine Coughlin, mother of his child

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 2 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer, dies in the flu pandemic at 38
  • Dec 2 Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (b. 1868)
  • Dec 11 Ivan Cankar, Slavic author (Hlapec Jernej), dies at 42
  • Dec 14 Sidonio Pais, prince of Portugal, murdered
  • Dec 18 Henryk Jarecki, Polish composer, dies at 72
  • Dec 22 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author and painter, dies at 83
  • Dec 26 Bertram Luard-Selby, composer, dies at 65
  • Dec 28 George H White, last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn), dies
  • Dec 28 Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)