On This Day

What Happened in February 1918

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 Franz Lehar's opera "Wo die Lerche singt" ("Where The Lark Sings") premieres at the Király Theatre in Budapest, Hungary

Music Premiere

Feb 1 Jerome Kern, Guy Bolton & P. G. Wodehouse's musical "Oh Lady! Lady!!", premieres at the Princess Theatre, NYC; runs for 219 performances

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Feb 1 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)

  • Feb 3 Twin Peaks Tunnel for streetcars begins service in San Francisco, at 11,920 feet one of world's longest
  • Feb 5 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W. Thompson
  • Feb 5 Separation of church and state begins in USSR
  • Feb 6 Great Britain grants women (30 & over) the vote
  • Feb 8 "Stars & Stripes,", weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
  • Feb 9 US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Virginia
  • Feb 9 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

Feb 10 Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war

  • Feb 10 In Finland, General Carl Gustaf Emil Von Mannerheim gathers an army known as the 'White Guard' to mount a counter revolution against the Bolshevik 'Red Guard'

Historic Event

Feb 11 US President Woodrow Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points

  • Feb 14 H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in NYC
  • Feb 14 USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
  • Feb 15 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • Feb 15 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • Feb 18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • Feb 21 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • Feb 21 The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo (Cincinnati, Ohio)
  • Feb 22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • Feb 23 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
  • Feb 24 Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • Feb 26 Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Maurice Laing, English builder (John Laing & Son), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2008)

Muriel Spark

Feb 1 Muriel Spark, Scottish writer (The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2006)

  • Feb 2 Hella [S Lelyveld-]Haasse, Dutch author (Cider for Poor People)
  • Feb 3 Joey Bishop [Gottlieb], talk show host (Joey Bishop Show), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Feb 3 Helen Stephens, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m & 4x100m relay 1936), born in Fulton, Missouri (d. 1994)
  • Feb 4 Ida Lupino, British-American actress (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes) and director (The Hitch-Hiker), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Feb 4 Luigi Pareyson, Italian philosopher (d. 1991)
  • Feb 5 Gara Garayev [Kara Karayev], Soviet-Azerbaijani composer (Seven Beauties), born in Baku (d. 1982)
  • Feb 6 Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 2007)
  • Feb 7 Markey Robinson, Northern Irish painter (d. 1999)
  • Feb 8 Max Rayne, English property developer /multi-millionaire (d. 2003)
  • Feb 8 Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • Feb 10 Gordon Pirie, English Group Captain and politician, born in Oxford (d. 2003)
  • Feb 10 Idwal Pugh, British ombudsman
  • Feb 11 Margaret Heldt, American hairdresser who created the Beehive, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 12 Dominic DiMaggio, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox)
  • Feb 12 Julian Schwinger, US physicist (1965 Nobel Prize in Physics for quantum electrodynamics), born in New York City (d. 1994)
  • Feb 13 Patty Berg, American golfer (15 major titles, US Open 1946), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d.2006)
  • Feb 13 Irv Cottler, American session and touring drummer (Frank Sinatra; Dinah Shore), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1989)
  • Feb 15 Allan Arbus, American actor and photographer (M*A*S*H, Greaser's Palace, Curb Your Enthusiasm), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Feb 16 Patty Andrews, American pop and swing jazz singer (The Andrews Sisters - "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"; "Rum and Coca-Cola"), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2013)
  • Feb 17 Charles Hayes, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-93), born in Cairo, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • Feb 17 Olive Gibbs, English peace campaigner (CND), born in Oxford, England
  • Feb 18 Jane Loevinger, American psychologist (d. 2008).
  • Feb 19 Fay McKenzie, American actress (The Party; Sierra Sue), and singer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2019)
  • Feb 20 Leonore Annenberg American Billionaire
  • Feb 22 Don Pardo, Westfield Mass, TV announcer (Jeopardy, Saturday Night Live)
  • Feb 22 Robert Wadlow, American who was tallest known human (2.72 m, 8' 11.1"), born in Alton, Illinois (d. 1940)
  • Feb 22 Sid Abel, Melville, Saskatchewan, Canadian NHL hockey player (1948-49 Hart Trophy)
  • Feb 22 Charles "Charlie O" Finley, American sports entrepreneur (MLB's Kansas City/Oakland A's: NHL's California Golden Seals), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 1996)

Alfred J. Gross

Feb 22 Alfred J. Gross, American inventor (invented the walkie-talkie), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2000)

  • Feb 23 Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
  • Feb 25 Henry Norwood Ewell, 4x100m runner (Olympic gold 1948), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 25 Barney Ewell, American athlete (d. 1996)
  • Feb 25 Rena Kyriakou, Greek pianist and composer, born in Herakleion, Crete, Greece (d. 1994)

Bobby Riggs

Feb 25 Bobby Riggs, American tennis player ("The Battle of the Sexes", US Open 1939, 41), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1995)

  • Feb 26 Edwin Charles "Preacher" Roe, American baseball pitcher (Brooklyn Dodgers), born in Ash Flat, Arkansas (d. 2008)
  • Feb 26 Otis Bowen, American politician, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1985-89), born in near Rochester, Indiana (d. 2013)
  • Feb 26 Theodore Sturgeon, American sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1985)
  • Feb 28 Alfred Burke, British actor (Public Eye, Backfire, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets), born in London, England (d. 2011)

Famous Deaths

John L. Sullivan

Feb 2 John L. Sullivan, American boxer (first heavyweight gloved champion, de facto 1882-92; last heavyweight bare-knuckle champion), dies at 59

  • Feb 4 Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, dies at 49
  • Feb 6 Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter/cartoonist, dies at 55
  • Feb 7 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, dies at 68
  • Feb 9 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends), dies at 30
  • Feb 10 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), dies at 75
  • Feb 11 Taytu Betul, Empress of Ethiopia (1889-13) and founder of Addis Ababa, dies at 66 or 67
  • Feb 15 Vernon Castle [Blyth] English-American vaudeville, stage, and screen ballroom dancer, and fighter pilot, dies in a plane crash at 30
  • Feb 21 Neltje Blanchan, American nature writer, dies at 52
  • Feb 23 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dies at 35
  • Feb 26 Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia, Spanish violinist and composer, dies at 74