On This Day

What Happened in January 1918

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 1 4th Rose Bowl, Tournament Park, Pasadena, California: Mare Island, USMC beats Camp Lewis, US Army, 19-7; MVP: Hollis Huntington, USMC

Sports History

Jan 2 After repeated clashes over pay with the Brooklyn Robins owner Charlie Ebbets, star right fielder and future Baseball Hall of Fame manager Casey Stengel is traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates

  • Jan 2 Montreal Arena in Westmount, Quebec, the home rink of 4-time Stanley Cup winners the Montreal Wanderers burns down leading to the club disbanding
  • Jan 3 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace

Prohibition is Ratified

Jan 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol

Historic Event

Jan 8 US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

Sports History

Jan 12 Montreal Canadien's center Joe Malone scores 5 goals in a 9-4 win over Ottawa to become the first 20 goal scorer in NHL history; goes on to score 44 regular season goals

  • Jan 12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law comes into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens
  • Jan 14 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard
  • Jan 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Historic Event

Jan 26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

  • Jan 27 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground
  • Jan 29 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer (WR 100m freestyle, 1:04.06 1933-56; Olympic gold 4×100m freestyle 1936), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • Jan 1 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • Jan 2 Willi Graf, German anti-Nazi activist (d. 1943)
  • Jan 6 Buddy Weed, American pianist (Penthouse Party), born in Ossining, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jan 7 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
  • Jan 7 Colin Snedden, New Zealand cricketer (Test NZ v England 1947, 0-46), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2011)
  • Jan 7 Irene Vorrink, Dutch politician (Minister of Health), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Jan 9 Betty Roché [Mary Elizabeth Roach], American jazz singer (Duke Ellington - "Take The 'A' Train"), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1999)
  • Jan 10 Arthur Chung, President of Guyana, born in Windsor Great Park, United Kingdom (d. 2008)
  • Jan 11 Albert Weisser, composer

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Jan 12 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru who developed Transcendental Meditation, born in Jabalpur, India (d. 2008)

  • Jan 13 Lester Sill, pioneer music publisher/record producer
  • Jan 13 Stephen "Steve" Dunne, American actor (Professional Father, Shock), born in Northampton, Massachusetts (d. 1977)
  • Jan 13 Ted Willis, prolific English screenwriter (It's Great to be Young)
  • Jan 13 George "Bud" Hamilton, American film make-up artist (Westmore family), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1973)
  • Jan 15 André Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)

Gamal Abdel Nasser

Jan 15 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), born in Bakos, Egypt (d. 1970)

  • Jan 15 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • Jan 16 Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter
  • Jan 16 Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • Jan 16 Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 17 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician
  • Jan 18 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, Brazilian priest, born in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil (d. 1996)
  • Jan 18 Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 John H Johnson, American publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)
  • Jan 20 [Juan Garcia] Esquivel!, Mexican musician ("The King of Space Age Pop"), born in Tampico, Mexico (d. 2002)
  • Jan 21 Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist
  • Jan 21 Richard D. Winters, American war hero
  • Jan 21 Chichay [Amparo Robles Custodio], Filipino comedienne and actress (Bilangguang puso, Ngitngit ng pitong whistle bomb), born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1993)
  • Jan 21 Antonio Janigro, Italian cellist (Zagreb Soloists), born in Milan, Italy
  • Jan 22 Elmer Lach, Canadian NHL ice hockey player, 1940-54, 3X Stanley Cup, Hall of Fame (Montreal Canadiens), born in Nokomis, Saskatchewan (d. 2015)

Gertrude B. Elion

Jan 23 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

  • Jan 24 Gottfried von Einem, Austrian composer (Dantons Tod), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 John McLiam [Williams], Canadian actor (First Blood, Sleeper, Men From Shiloh), born in Alberta, Canada (d. 1994)
  • Jan 24 Oral Roberts, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College, born in Pontotoc County Oklahoma (d. 2009)
  • Jan 25 Ernie Harwell, American baseball sportscaster, born in Washington, Georgia (d. 2010)

Nicolae Ceausescu

Jan 26 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania (d. 1989)

  • Jan 26 Vito Scotti [Scozarri], American actor (The Godfather, Flying Nun, Barefoot in the Park), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1996)
  • Jan 26 Philip José Farmer, Terre Haute Indiana, American sci-fi novelist (Riverworld)
  • Jan 27 Elmore James, musician (Dust My Broom)
  • Jan 27 (Lyle) "Skitch" Henderson, British-American pianist and orchestra leader (NBC Radio; NBC Television; New York Pops), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2005)
  • Jan 27 William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Harry M Corbett, Bradford, puppeteer/entertainer (Sooty, Some People)
  • Jan 28 Suzanne Flon, French actress (One Deadly Summer, Moulin Rouge), born in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Seine (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Trevor Skeet, British MP
  • Jan 28 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • Jan 29 John Forsythe, actor (Bachelor Father, Charlie's Angels, Dynasty), born in Penns Grove, New Jersey (d. 2010)
  • Jan 29 Bill Rigney, American MLB baseball player, 1946-53 (New York Giants), and manager, 1956-72, 1976 (NY/SF Giants; LA Angels; Minnesota Twins), born in Alameda, California (d. 2001)
  • Jan 30 David Opatoshu [Opatovsky], American actor & writer (Star Trek, Bonino, Secret Empire, Masada), born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • Jan 30 Jarl Andre Bjerke [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet & writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1985)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream, Ian of the Orcades), dies of pneumonia at 57
  • Jan 2 Sybe Kornelis Bakker, Dutch Christian socialist & reformed preacher, dies at 42
  • Jan 6 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • Jan 7 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), dies at 73
  • Jan 8 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • Jan 9 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (invented 1st animated images), dies at 73
  • Jan 18 Bohuslav Jeremiáš, Czech composer, dies at 58
  • Jan 24 George Arthur Crump, Founder of the Pine Valley Golf Club in Clementon NJ (b. 1871)
  • Jan 31 Daniël de Lange, Dutch composer, dies at 76