On This Day

What Happened in July 1918

Historical Events

  • Jul 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington
  • Jul 9 101 killed and 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jul 9 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins
  • Jul 17 Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings

Execution of the Romanovs

Jul 17 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia

  • Jul 18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 19 Washington Senators catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for draft deferment; Secretary of War, Newton D Baker rules baseball players not draft exempt but later moves date to 1 September; both leagues end regular season 2 September
  • Jul 21 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts
  • Jul 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California
  • Jul 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 "Sheikh" Imam [Eissa], Egyptian folk and protest singer-songwriter, born in Giza (d. 1995)
  • Jul 2 WiBo [Willem Boost], Dutch cartoonist, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • Jul 3 Fred Mulley, British Labour politician, born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 4 Abigail Van Buren [Pauline Phillips], American columnist and radio show host known for "Dear Abby" advice column, twin sister of fellow advice columnist Ann Landers (Eppie Lederer), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • Jul 4 Alec Bedser, English cricket medium-pace bowler (51 Tests, 236 wickets, BB 7/44; Surrey CCC), born in Reading, England (d. 2010)
  • Jul 4 Ann Landers [Eppie Lederer], American advice columnist "Ask Ann Landers," twin sister of fellow advice columnist "Dear Abby" (Abigail Van Buren), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2002)
  • Jul 4 Buster Davis, American choral director (Garry Moore Show), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • Jul 4 Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965-2006), born in Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tonga (d. 2006)
  • Jul 4 Johnnie Parsons, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500, 1950; AAA/USAC Championship, 1949), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1984)
  • Jul 5 George Rochberg, American composer (Concord Quartet), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • Jul 6 Bert Voeten, Dutch journalist and poet (Crossing), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jul 6 Eugene List, American concert pianist and teacher (Eastman School of Music), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 6 Sebastian Cabot, British actor (Kismet; Family Affair - "Mr. French", Time Machine), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • Jul 8 Craig Stevens [Gail Shikles Jr.], American actor (Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn), born in Liberty, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • Jul 9 Herbert Brün, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2000)
  • Jul 9 Rowley Israel Arenstein, South African attorney and communist
  • Jul 9 Nile Kinnick Jr., American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1939; University of Iowa), born in Adel, Iowa (d. 1943)
  • Jul 11 Venetia Burney [Phair], British woman credited with naming Clyde Tombaugh's discovered planet "Pluto" (1930), born in Oxford, United Kingdom (d. 2009)

Alberto Ascari

Jul 13 Alberto Ascari, Italian auto racer (World F1 champion 1952, 53), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1955)

  • Jul 14 Arthur Laurents, American playwright (West Side Story: Gypsy), and screenwriter (Rope; Anastasia), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)

Ingmar Bergman

Jul 14 Ingmar Bergman, Swedish stage and film director (Cries & Whispers), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 2007)

  • Jul 14 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • Jul 15 Lord Buxton of Alsa, CEO (ITV)
  • Jul 16 Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (Okey Ka Fairy Ko!), born in San Pablo, Laguna, Philippine Islands (d. 1989)
  • Jul 16 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)

Nelson Mandela

Jul 18 Nelson Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and President of South Africa (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

  • Jul 20 Cindy Walker, American songwriter ("Dream Baby"; "You Don't Know Me") and country singer, born in Mart, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Jul 22 Pim [Albrecht W] Lyre, Dutch lawyer/son of prince Henry
  • Jul 23 Harold "Pee Wee" Reese, American MLB baseball shortstop, 10x All-Star (Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers, 1940-58), born in Ekron, Kentucky (d. 1999)
  • Jul 24 Ruggiero Ricci, American composer and violinist (Paganini), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2012)
  • Jul 25 Nan Grey [Eschal Miller], American actress (Three Smart Girls, Dracula's Daughters), born in Houston, Texas (d. 1993)
  • Jul 25 Jane Frank, American artist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1986)
  • Jul 26 Marjorie Lord [Wollenberg], American actress (Make Room for Daddy, Sherlock Holmes in Washington), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2015)
  • Jul 27 Eero Sipilä, Finnish composer, born in Hailuoto, Finland (d. 1972)
  • Jul 27 Leonard Rose, American concert cellist (New York Philharmonic, 1943-51), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1984)
  • Jul 29 Vladimir Dudintsev, Soviet writer (Not by Bread Alone), born in Kupyansk, Ukraine, Soviet Union (d. 1998)
  • Jul 30 Joe Daley, American jazz tenor, clarinet and flute player, born in Salem, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 31 Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate for research on the "enzymatic mechanism underlying the biosynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" (1997), born in Provo, Utah (d. 2018)
  • Jul 31 Hank Jones, American jazz pianist, arranger, and composer, born in Vicksburg, Mississippi (d. 2010)

Famous Weddings

Duke Ellington

Jul 2 Jazz orchestra band leader Duke Ellington (19) weds high school sweetheart Edna Thompson

Pablo Picasso

Jul 12 Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27)


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Mehmed V Resjad, Sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies at 73
  • Jul 3 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), dies at 73
  • Jul 3 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, dies at 62
  • Jul 6 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • Jul 12 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, dies at 54
  • Jul 12 William McComb, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 89
  • Jul 14 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, killed in aerial combat over France on Bastille Day at 20
  • Jul 16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., dies at 52

ExecutionAlexei Nikolaevich

Jul 17 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia and son of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13

ExecutionAnastasia Nikolaevna

Jul 17 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 17 by a group of Bolsheviks

  • Jul 17 Eugene Botkin, Russian court physician of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 53
  • Jul 17 Ivan Kharitonov, Russian cook of Tsar Nicholas II, executed around the age of 46
  • Jul 17 Anna Demidova, Russian lady in waiting of Tsarina Alexandra, executed at 40
  • Jul 17 Maria Nikolaevna Russian Grand Duchess, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 19 by a group of Bolsheviks

ExecutionNicholas II

Jul 17 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in Yekaterinburg, Siberia at 50

  • Jul 17 Olga Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, eldest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 22 by a group of Bolsheviks
  • Jul 17 Tatiana Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, 2nd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 21 by a group of Bolsheviks
  • Jul 17 Alexei Trupp, Russian footman and assistant of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 62
  • Jul 17 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian Tsarina (1894-1918), executed by firing squad at 46
  • Jul 18 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • Jul 19 Joost van Vollenhoven, Neth, gov-gen (French West-Africa), dies
  • Jul 22 Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I flying ace, dies at 19
  • Jul 25 Carlos Guido y Spano, Argentine poet (Mexico, canto epico), dies
  • Jul 25 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer, dies at 47
  • Jul 26 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flying ace (Victoria Cross), dies at 31
  • Jul 29 Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • Jul 30 Chaim Soloveitchik, Rabbi of Brisk, talmudic scholar, dies