On This Day

What Happened in March 1918

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Joe Malone goes scoreless in Montreal Canadiens' 5-3 season-ending loss to Toronto Arenas; finishes the first NHL season with 44 goals, a record that stands until 1944-45

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Mar 3 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 3 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • Mar 4 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • Mar 6 US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
  • Mar 7 H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 President Woodrow Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 7 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • Mar 9 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • Mar 9 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • Mar 9 Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens
  • Mar 11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • Mar 11 Save the Redwoods League founded

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

Mar 11 US Army mess cook Private Albert Gitchell of Fort Riley, Kansas becomes the first documented case of Spanish flu; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Mar 13 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms

  • Mar 13 1st NHL championship: Toronto Arenas beat Montreal Canadiens, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
  • Mar 14 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • Mar 16 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
  • Mar 17 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • Mar 17 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • Mar 18 Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
  • Mar 18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • Mar 19 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • Mar 19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • Mar 21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • Mar 23 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • Mar 23 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • Mar 23 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • Mar 23 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • Mar 23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • Mar 25 The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
  • Mar 27 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • Mar 30 Stanley Cup, Mutual Street Arena, Toronto, ON: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory; first series contested by the new NHL
  • Mar 31 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Roger Delgado, English actor (Doctor Who, Agent 8 3/4, Hot Enough for June), born in London, England (d. 1973)
  • Mar 1 Duncan White, Ceylonese hurdler (first Olympic medallist from Ceylon, silver 400m hurdles 1948), born in Lathpandura, Sri Lanka (d. 1998)
  • Mar 1 Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • Mar 1 Hank Wyse, American baseball pitcher (MLB All Star 1945; Chicago Cubs), born in Lunsford, Arkansas (d. 2000)
  • Mar 3 San Yu, Burmese General and the 5th President of Burma (1981-88), born in Thegon, Pegu Province, British Burma, British India (d. 1996)
  • Mar 3 Peter O'Sullevan, British horse racing commentator 'the voice of racing', born in Kenmare, Ireland (d. 2015)
  • Mar 3 Arnold Newman, photographer (Faces USA)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
  • Mar 3 Frank Wigglesworth, American composer (The Willowdale Handcar), born in Boston Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • Mar 3 Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)
  • Mar 4 Margaret Osborne DuPont, American tennis player (6-time Grand Slam singles winner), born in Joseph, Oregon (d. 2012)
  • Mar 5 Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/spy (MI6)/priest
  • Mar 5 Ranga Sohoni, Indian cricketer (pace bowler of late 40's avg 101)
  • Mar 5 Red Storey, Canadian football player and ice hockey referee (d. 2006)
  • Mar 5 James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • Mar 5 Milt Schmidt, Canadian NHL Hall of Fame center and coach (Boston Bruins), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2017)
  • Mar 5 Paul Christman, American College Football Hall of Fame quarterback (University of Missouri; All-Pro 1946, 47; Chicago Cardinals, Green Bay Packers), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1970)
  • Mar 5 Milt Schmidt, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame center (Stanley Cup 1939, 41; Boston Bruins) and coach/GM (Stanley Cup 1970, 72; Boston Bruins), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2020)
  • Mar 7 June Wayne, artist/lithographer/teacher
  • Mar 8 Poon Lim, Chinese sailor who survived 133 days adrift at sea, born in Hainan, China (d. 1991)
  • Mar 9 Marguerite Chapman, American actress (The Seven Year Itch, Spy Smasher, Flight to Mars), born in Chatham, New York (d. 1999)
  • Mar 9 Mickey Spillane [Frank Morrison Spillane], American mystery writer (I the Jury), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)
  • Mar 10 Heywood Hale Broun, TV commentator and sports correspondent, born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • Mar 10 Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
  • Mar 12 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • Mar 13 George McAfee, American football player, NFL halfback (Chicago Bears), born in Corbin, Kentucky (d. 2009)
  • Mar 14 Dennis Patrick, American actor (Dear Dead Delilah, Dallas, Rituals), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • Mar 15 Janet Leach, potter, born in Grand Saline, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Mar 15 Richard Ellmann, American literary scholar and biographer (Oscar Wilde), born in Highland Park, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • Mar 15 Punch Imlach, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame coach and general manager (Toronto Maple Leafs, Buffalo Sabres), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1987)
  • Mar 16 Aldo E van Eyck, Dutch architect (City Hall)
  • Mar 16 Howard Boatwright, American composer and violinist, born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1999)
  • Mar 17 D Arendo, [Arend Honhoff], Dutch pianist and composer (Eleonora)
  • Mar 17 Wilhelmus M J Russell, Dutch attorney and Member of 1st chamber (KVP/CDA)
  • Mar 17 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, born in Kozice Górne, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1963)
  • Mar 18 Al Benton, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • Mar 18 Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
  • Mar 18 Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 20 Bernd-Alois Zimmermann, German composer (Soldiers)
  • Mar 20 Jack Barry, Lindenhurst NY, game show emcee (Joker's Wild)
  • Mar 20 Marian McPartland, British jazz pianist (Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz), born in Slough, United Kingdom (d. 2013)
  • Mar 20 Donald Featherstone, British writer and wargamer
  • Mar 21 Joe Carveth, NHL forward (scored 20 or more goals in 3 seasons)
  • Mar 22 Cheddi B Jagan, dentist/founder PPP/Guyanese Premier (1953, 1957-64)
  • Mar 22 Harry Kay, vice-chancellor (Exeter U)
  • Mar 22 Tauno Kullerve Pylkkanen, composer
  • Mar 24 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter
  • Mar 25 Howard Cosell, sportscaster (Monday Night Football), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Mar 28 Youly Algaroff, Russian-French ballet dancer, born in Simferopol, Crimea (d. 1995)
  • Mar 29 John Read, British businessman, CEO (TSB Group), born in Brighton (d. 2015)
  • Mar 29 Pearl Bailey, American actress and singer (Hello Dolly), born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1990)

Person of interestSam Walton

Mar 29 Sam Walton, American businessman (founder and CEO of Walmart and Sam's Club), born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma (d. 1992)

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • Mar 30 John Gray, FRS/marine biologist
  • Mar 30 Joseph Allen Jr, American actor (The Night Before the Divorce, Motor Madness), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1962)
  • Mar 31 Ted Post, Dir (Peacemaker, Beneath the Planet of the Apes)
  • Mar 31 Marv Grissom, American baseball pitcher, coach (MLB All Star 1954, NY, SF Giants), born in Los Molinos, CA (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 19 Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (17) weds Daisy Parker (21)

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren, composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 2 Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian, ethnologist (History of Pacific States), dies at 85
  • Mar 4 Eugène d'Harcourt, French composer, dies at 58
  • Mar 9 [Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind, German writer/press secretary, dies at 53
  • Mar 10 Jim McCormick, Scottish-born American baseball pitcher and manager (first Scot in MLB; NL wins leader 1880, 82; NL ERA leader 1883), dies at 61
  • Mar 13 Karel Stecker, Czech composer, dies at 57
  • Mar 14 Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States as the wife of James A. Garfield (1881), dies at 85
  • Mar 15 Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte, composer, dies at 82
  • Mar 15 Lili [Marie-Juliette Olga] Boulanger, French composer (first female winner of the Prix de Rome composition prize), dies at 24
  • Mar 15 George Alexander [Samson], British actor, theatre producer and manager, dies at 59
  • Mar 18 Willem Coenen, composer, dies at 80
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/liberal politician, dies at 73
  • Mar 20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • Mar 23 César Cortinas, Uruguayan composer, dies at 27
  • Mar 24 Théophile "Théo" Ysaÿe, Belgian composer and pianist, dies at 53

Person of interestClaude Debussy

Mar 25 Claude Debussy, French composer (Nocturnes, La Mer), dies of cancer at 55

Composer Claude Debussy
Composer
Claude Debussy
  • Mar 26 Caesar A Cui, Lithuanian fort builder/composer, dies at 83
  • Mar 28 Johann Christoph Lauterbach, German violinist and concert master, dies at 87