On This Day

What Happened in October 1918

Historical Events

Victory in Battle

Oct 1 World War I: Combined Arab and British force under the Lawrence of Arabia, T. E. Lawrence captures Damascus from the Turks

  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Brothers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn open Selwyn Theater at 229 W 42nd St, Times Square, NYC: now known as American Airlines Theatre

Music Premiere

Oct 4 Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in NYC

  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die

Sgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

Oct 8 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P. J. Quinn
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hits a reef off Alaska, 398 die

Stonehenge

Oct 26 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation

  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

Historic Event

Oct 28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

  • Oct 28 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • Oct 29 German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, beginning the German Revolution
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Antonio Iglesias Álvares, Spanish pianist, composer, educator and critic, born in Orense, Spain (d. 2011)
  • Oct 4 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • Oct 4 Red Munger, American baseball (MLB All Star 1944, 47, 49; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Houston, Texas (d. 1996)
  • Oct 6 André Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1993)
  • Oct 7 Helmut Dantine, Austrian-American actor (Shadow of the Cloak), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1982)
  • Oct 7 Guido Aristarco, film critic
  • Oct 7 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • Oct 8 Jens Christian Skou, Danish scientist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 2018)
  • Oct 8 Ron Randell, Australian actor (Loves of Carmen, I am a Camera), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2005)
  • Oct 9 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, born in Hamburg, New York (d. 2007)
  • Oct 9 Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (Zorba the Greek (1964), Sword of the Valiant, The Tenant), born in Petrograd, Russia (d. 2000)
  • Oct 9 Walter Burkemo, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1953), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1986)
  • Oct 10 Bobby Byrne, American orchestra leader (Club Seven), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2006)
  • Oct 10 Jean Gimpel, French author and medievalist, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • Oct 10 Yigal Allon, Israeli politician, born in Kfar Tavor, Palestine (d. 1980)
  • Oct 10 George Rhodes, American pianist, composer, arranger, and music director (Sammy Davis, Jr. Show), born in Indiana (d. 1985)

Jerome Robbins

Oct 11 Jerome Robbins [Rabinowitz], American Tony and Academy Award-winning theater and ballet choreographer and director (West Side Story; Peter Pan), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1998)

  • Oct 12 Emil Cossetto, Croatian composer, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 2006)
  • Oct 13 Jack MacGowran, Irish actor (King Lear, The Quiet Man, The Exorcist), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1973)
  • Oct 13 Robert Walker, American actor and writer (Strangers on a Train, Bataan, Madame Curie), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1951)
  • Oct 14 Doug Ring, Australian cricketer (Australian leggie of the late 40's early 50's), born in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia (d. 2003)
  • Oct 14 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician, born in Hull, Quebec (d. 1991)
  • Oct 16 Bill Nichols, (Rep-D-AL, 1967- )
  • Oct 16 Géori Boué, French soprano, born in Toulouse, France (d. 2017)
  • Oct 16 Tony Rolt, English auto racer (24 Hours of Le Mans 1953; British Empire Trophy 1939), born in Bordon, England (d. 2008)
  • Oct 17 Rita Hayworth [Margarita Cansino], American actress (Gilda, Cover Girl, The Lady from Shanghai), born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)
  • Oct 18 Robert "Bobby" Troup, American jazz pianist and actor (Emergency; Acapulco), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • Oct 18 James Cameron Tudor, politician
  • Oct 18 Konstantinos Mitsottakis, premier of Greece (1990- )
  • Oct 18 Willem J "Molly" Geertsema, Dutch liberal/interior minister)
  • Oct 18 Constantine Mitsotakis [Konstantinos Mitsotakis], Prime Minister of Greece (1990 –1993), born in Halepa, Crete (d. 2017)
  • Oct 19 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • Oct 19 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor
  • Oct 20 Anton Diffring [Alfred Pollack], German character actor (Assignment Vienna), born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1989)
  • Oct 20 Robert Lochner, German journalist (help JFK with "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech), born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • Oct 22 Lou Klein, American baseball infielder (St. Louis Cardinals, Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia A's) and manager (Chicago Cubs), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1976)
  • Oct 23 James Daly, American actor (Medical Center, Planet of the Apes), born in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin (d. 1978)
  • Oct 23 Mary Jeanette "Peggy" Moran, American actress (Double Date, Horror Island), born in Clinton, Iowa (d. 2002)

Jim Peters

Oct 24 Jim Peters, English long-distance runner who was 1st to complete a marathon in under 2 hours 20 minutes, born in Hackney, London (d. 1999)

  • Oct 25 (Greig) "Chubby" Jackson, American big band jazz double-bassist, bandleader, and TV host, born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • Oct 26 Kamal El Mallakh, Egyptian archaeologist (King Khufu Solar ship), and journalist, born in Upper Egypt (d. 1987)
  • Oct 27 Paul Dixon, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show), born in Albia, Iowa (d. 1974)
  • Oct 27 Teresa Wright, American actress (Shadow Of A Doubt; Pride of the Yankees; The Best Years of Our Lives ), born in Harlem, New York City (d. 2005)
  • Oct 28 Harold Shepherdson, British soccer trainer, born in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire (d. 1955)
  • Oct 29 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (Earth vs. the Flying Saucers), born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 2007)
  • Oct 31 Ian Stevenson, Canadian-American parapsychologist and reincarnation expert, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Roland Garros, French stunt flyer, dies
  • Oct 6 Arthur O'Hara Wood, Australian tennis player (Australasian C'ship 1914), dies in action WWI at 28
  • Oct 7 Hubert Parry, English musicologist and composer (Jerusalem), dies at 70
  • Oct 9 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, murdered at 60
  • Oct 9 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), dies at 41
  • Oct 13 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies fighting in WWI at 27
  • Oct 15 Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • Oct 16 Felix Arndt, American composer, dies during the Spanish Flu pandemic at 29
  • Oct 17 Gordon White, cricketer (WW I Superb South African batsman 1905-12), dies
  • Oct 19 Joseph Lesage, French painter/etcher (WWI), dies at 34
  • Oct 19 Harold Lockwood, American actor (Tess of the Storm Country), dies from the flu at 31
  • Oct 22 Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress regarded as Hollywood's first Latin and Hispanic movie star actress (Missy, Her Great Part), dies from influenza and heart ailment at 27
  • Oct 24 Alexander Charles Lecocq, composer, dies at 86
  • Oct 28 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), dies at 72
  • Oct 28 Edward Bouchet, American Physicist, 1st African American to receive US Ph.D, dies at 66
  • Oct 31 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist, dies at 28
  • Oct 31 [Stephen] István Tisza, Hungarian PM (1903-05, 1913-17), assassinated by soldiers at 57