On This Day

What Happened in August 1919

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • Aug 4 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army
  • Aug 6 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • Aug 6 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • Aug 8 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • Aug 10 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 Green Bay Packers football club founded by George Calhoun and Curly Lambeau - named after sponsor Indian Packing Company

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • Aug 13 American thoroughbred racehorse Man o' War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
  • Aug 14 White Sox Happy Felsch ties record of 4 outfield assists in a game
  • Aug 14 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
  • Aug 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • Aug 20 Wichita outfielder Joe Wilhoit (Western League) fails to get a hit, ending a 69-game streak (155 hits in 299 at bats for a .505 avg)
  • Aug 23 "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
  • Aug 24 Cleveland pitcher Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning
  • Aug 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • Aug 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • Aug 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • Aug 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • Aug 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • Aug 31 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Stanley Middleton, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men), born in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 2009)
  • Aug 2 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Pauline Betz Addie, American tennis player (5 Grand Slam singles titles), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Aug 7 John Hogan, American chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), born in Lowes, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • Aug 8 Dino De Laurentiis, producer (King Kong), born in Torre Annunziata, Italy
  • Aug 9 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (PVDA, 1973-77), born in Hilversum, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Aug 9 Ralph Houk, American baseball catcher, coach, manager and executive (World Series champion 1947, 52-53, coach, 58; mgr 1961-62; NY Yankees), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 2010)
  • Aug 10 Elizabeth Thomas, literary consultant
  • Aug 10 Sacha Vierny, French cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • Aug 11 Luis Olmo, pioneering Puerto Rican NBA player (Brooklyn Dodgers), born in Arecibo (d. 2017)
  • Aug 11 Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
  • Aug 12 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • Aug 12 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • Aug 13 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • Aug 13 George Shearing, British-American blind jazz pianist (Lullaby of Birdland), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • Aug 15 Henry "Huntz" Hall, American actor (Cyclone, Gas Pump Girls, The Rating Game), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • Aug 15 Benedict Kiely, Irish author and broadcaster, born in Dromore, County Tyrone, Ireland (d. 2007)
  • Aug 18 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)

Person of interestMalcolm Forbes

Aug 19 Malcolm Forbes, American publisher of Forbes Magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes
  • Aug 22 Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart, British major-general (d. 1999)
  • Aug 22 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • Aug 23 Robert Crichton-Brown, Australian businessman and CEO (Rothmans International), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)
  • Aug 24 "Drs P" [Heinz H Polzer], Swiss-Dutch songwriter and singer, born in Thun, Switzerland (d. 2015)
  • Aug 24 Nils Viggo Bentzon, Danish pianist and composer (The Tempered Piano), born in Copenhagen (d. 2000)
  • Aug 24 Enrique Llanes, Mexican professional wrestler, born in Otumba de Gómez Farías, Mexico (d. 2004)

Person of interestGeorge Wallace

Aug 25 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, born in Clio, Alabama (d. 1998)

Governor of Alabama and Segregationist George Wallace
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • Aug 26 Ronald "Ronny" Graham, American actor, director, composer, lyricist, and writer (Bob Crane Show, Chico & the Man), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 27 John Cox, Flemish-American painter and director (Museum of Fine Physician, Boston)
  • Aug 27 John Donkin Dormand, Baron Dormand of Easington, British politician (Labour Party), born in Haswell, County Durham, England (d. 2003)
  • Aug 28 Ernest Harold Martin [Markowitz], American Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Aug 29 Sono Osato, American Japanese ballet dancer, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2018)
  • Aug 30 Kitty Wells, American country singer (Grand Ole Opry), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 2012)
  • Aug 30 Maurice R. Hilleman, American microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia, born in Miles City, Montana (d. 2005)
  • Aug 31 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author, born in Gujranwala, Pakistan (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 16 NFL player Curly Lambeau (21) weds high school sweetheart Marguerite Van Kessel in Green Bay, Wisconsin

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 4 Dave Gregory, Australian cricketer (Australia's 1st Test captain), dies at 74
  • Aug 9 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • Aug 9 Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (I pagliacci/Zaza), dies at 62

Person of interestAndrew Carnegie

Aug 11 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, dies of bronchial pneumonia at 83

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • Aug 18 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (Seagram Distilleries), dies at 78
  • Aug 20 Gregor MacGregor, English cricket wicket-keeper (8 Tests 1890-93) and Scottish rugby union player, dies at 49
  • Aug 21 Laurence Doherty, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1902-06, US Nationals 1903 ), dies of toxemia at 43
  • Aug 27 Louis Botha, 1st Prime Minister of South Africa (1910-19), dies at 56
  • Aug 30 Jóhann Sigurjónsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), dies at 39