On This Day

What Happened in February 1919

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 Brooklyn Robins trade former NL MVP Jake Daubert to Cincinnati Reds for outfielder Tommy Griffith; result of a salary grievance
  • Feb 2 Monarchist riot in Portugal
  • Feb 3 Herbert and Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady" premieres in New York City
  • Feb 3 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • Feb 3 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaim the government after the 1917 revolution
  • Feb 4 City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
  • Feb 5 NL President John Heydler dismisses charges that Hal Chase bet against his team and threw games in collusion with gamblers
  • Feb 6 1st day of 5-day Seattle general strike
  • Feb 6 The first day of the Weimar Republic which, because of its support of the Treaty of Versailles, does not receive proper allegiance from the German nation
  • Feb 11 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • Feb 14 United Parcel Service forms
  • Feb 14 The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • Feb 15 American Legion organizes in Paris

NHL Record

Feb 18 Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goal

Historic Event

Feb 19 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois in Paris

Assassination Attempt

Feb 20 French Prime Minister Georges Clémenceau injured during assassination attempt

  • Feb 20 Foundation NHL club Toronto Arenas are permitted to cease operations due to financial difficulties; later become Toronto St. Patricks and then Maple Leafs
  • Feb 21 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • Feb 21 Revolutionary strike in Barcelona
  • Feb 21 Kurt Eisner, Premier of the Bavarian Republic, is assassinated by a far-right German nationalist in Munich

Historic Event

Feb 23 Fascist Party formed in Italy by Benito Mussolini

  • Feb 25 Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon)
  • Feb 26 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • Feb 26 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • Feb 27 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
  • Feb 27 American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 2 Lisa Della Casa, Swiss operatic soprano (Metropolitan Opera, 1953-67), born in Burgdorf, Switzerland (d. 2012)
  • Feb 3 (Eugene) "Snooky" Young, American jazz trumpeter who mastered the plunger mute, born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Feb 4 Frank van Klingeren, Dutch architect (De Meerpaal, Dronten)
  • Feb 4 Janet Waldo, American radio and actress (Judy Jetson, Shazzan, Penelope Pitstop), born in Yakima, Washington (d. 2016)
  • Feb 5 Tim Holt [Charles John Holt III], American actor (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre), born in Beverly Hills, California (d. 1973)
  • Feb 5 Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (1981-89, 1993-96), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA (d. 1996)
  • Feb 5 Red Buttons [Aaron Chwatt], American comedian (The Red Buttons Show), and Academy Award-winning actor (Sayonara; The Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • Feb 6 Lindsay Tuckett, South African cricketer (son of Len, 9 Tests for South Africa 1947-49), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 2016)
  • Feb 6 Louis Heren, English foreign correspondent & writer (China's Three Thousand Years), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • Feb 7 Ilse Pausin, Austrian figure skating pairs (Olympic silver 1936)
  • Feb 7 Jock Mahoney [Jacques Joseph O'Mahoney], American actor and stuntman (Dallas, Yancy Derringer, Day of Fury), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1989)
  • Feb 7 Desmond Doss, American soldier and 1st conscientious objector to receive the Medal of Honor who was the subject of the film Hacksaw Ridge, born in Lynchburg, Virginia (d. 2006)
  • Feb 8 Buddy Morrow [Muni Zudekoff], American big band jazz and session trombonist and orchestra leader ("Night Train"), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2010)
  • Feb 10 Allie Reynolds, American MLB pitcher, 1942-54, 6X All-Star, 1952 AL ERA leader (Cleveland Indians,New York Yankees), born in Bethany, Oklahoma (d. 1994)
  • Feb 11 Gretchen Fraser, slalom skier (Olympic gold 1948), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • Feb 11 Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born American actress, comedian, singer and socialite (Green Acres, Gigi), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Feb 11 Israel Baker, American concert and session violinist (NBC Symphony; Paramount Studios Orchestra), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Feb 12 Forrest Tucker, American actor (F Troop, Dusty Trail, The Crawling Eye), born in Plainfield, Indiana (d. 1986)
  • Feb 12 Ferruccio Valcareggi, Italian soccer midfielder and manager (Bologna; Atalanta, Italy 1974 World Cup), born in Trieste, Italy (d. 2005)
  • Feb 13 Eddie Robinson, American College Football Hall of Fame coach (Grambling 408 wins), born in Jackson, Louisiana (d. 2007)
  • Feb 13 Joan Edwards, American vocalist (Joan Edwards Show), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 13 "Tennessee" Ernie Ford, American country music singer ("Sixteen Tons"), and actor, born in Bristol, Tennessee (d. 1991)
  • Feb 17 Joe Hunt, American tennis player (US National C'ship 1943), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1945)
  • Feb 17 Kathleen Freeman, American actress (Beverly Hillbillies, 3 Ring Circus), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)
  • Feb 22 Jiří Pauer, Czech composer, born in Libušín (d. 2007)
  • Feb 22 Tahia Carioca, Egyptian actress and belly dancer (Watch out for Zouzou), born in Egypt (d. 1999)
  • Feb 23 Johnny Carey, Irish professional footballer, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • Feb 23 Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
  • Feb 24 Alan Hugh Iliffe, psychologist
  • Feb 24 Henry Kitchener, British peer, 3rd and last Earl of Khartoum (d. 2011)
  • Feb 25 F de Jong Edz, Dutch historian
  • Feb 25 Monty Irvin, baseball hall of famer (NY Giants)
  • Feb 25 Karl H. Pribram, Austrian neuroscientist
  • Feb 25 Fred Katz, American classical and jazz cellist (Chico Hamilton Quintet), and composer (Roger Corman films), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013).
  • Feb 26 Beppie Nooij, Dutch actress and director (Red Sien, Zeemansvrouwen), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • Feb 26 Luc-Andre Marcel, French composer, born in Entrecasteaux, France (d. 1992)
  • Feb 26 Mason Adams, American actor (Lou Grant, Deadliest Season), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Feb 26 Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (3 x Olympic gold 1936), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • Feb 27 Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, Polish-Israeli composer and music editor, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1994)

Famous Weddings

Maurice Maeterlinck

Feb 15 Author Maurice Maeterlinck (56) weds actress Renée Dahon (27) in Nice, France

Famous Divorces

Albert Einstein

Feb 14 Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein (39) divorces Mileva Maric after 16 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 2 Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux, French composer, dies at 55
  • Feb 3 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, dies at 72
  • Feb 3 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, dies at 69
  • Feb 5 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher & writer, dies at 62
  • Feb 6 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German-Dutch sculptor and architect of church interiors, dies at 81
  • Feb 7 William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient who survived 31 days at sea in a small boat to seek help for the shipwrecked USS Saginaw, dies at 77
  • Feb 13 Matteo Albertone, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, dies at 78
  • Feb 15 Pieter K Pel, Dutch internist (Pel-Ebstein fever), dies at 66
  • Feb 16 Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
  • Feb 21 Giovanni Bolzoni, Italian composer and violinist, dies at 77
  • Feb 21 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), murdered at 46
  • Feb 21 Karl Anton of Hohenzollern, Prince of Belgium, dies at 51
  • Feb 21 Kurt Eisner, German socialist politician and journalist (Premier of Bavaria), murdered by a far-right German nationalist at 51
  • Feb 21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • Feb 24 Josephine McGill, composer, dies at 41
  • Feb 25 Josef Christiaens, Belgian racing driver (b. 1879)