On This Day

What Happened in January 1919

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Sport awardRose Bowl

Jan 1 5th Rose Bowl, Tournament Park, Pasadena, California: Great Lakes, US Navy beats Mare Island, USMC, 17-0; MVP: George Halas, US Navy

American Football Coach and Team Owner George Halas
American Football Coach and Team Owner
George Halas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to full admiral

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 3 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • Jan 5 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • Jan 5 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • Jan 7 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • Jan 11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • Jan 11 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • Jan 13 Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
  • Jan 14 John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham and Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
  • Jan 15 Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the "Great Molasses Flood" when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres

Actor and Playwright Frank Wedekind
Actor and Playwright
Frank Wedekind

  • Jan 15 Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes first premier of Poland
  • Jan 15 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Jan 15 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps

USAProhibition is Ratified

Jan 16 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol, is ratified by a majority of US states

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
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  • Jan 18 Bentley Motors Limited is founded by Walter Owen Bentley in London, England
  • Jan 18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 Composer and musician Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Polish Prime Minister

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • Jan 19 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • Jan 20 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Double Bay, Sydney: Gerald Patterson beats Algernon Kingscote 6-4, 6-4, 8-6 to retain title for Australasia over the Great Britain, 3-1; ends 4-1
  • Jan 21 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Féin creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • Jan 25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • Jan 25 The Hotel Pennsylvania, at the time the world's largest, opens in Manhattan
  • Jan 30 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • Jan 31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Bernard Drukker, Dutch organist/pianist/orchestra leader (Devil's Wheel)
  • Jan 1 Carole Landis [Frances Ridste], American actress (I Wake Up Screaming, One Million BC, Topper Returns), born in Fairchild, Wisconsin (d. 1948)

Person of interestJ. D. Salinger

Jan 1 J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, American novelist (Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • Jan 1 Rocky Graziano, American boxer (World Middleweight title 1947-48; famous Tony Zale trilogy) and entertainer (Pantomime Quiz, Miami Undercover), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • Jan 1 Horace "Bones" McKinney, American basketball forward, coach and broadcaster (Washington Capitols, Wake Forest), born in Lowland, North Carolina (d. 1997)
  • Jan 3 Jesse White, American actor (Bedtime for Bonzo, Maytag repairman, Million Dollar Mermaid), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jan 3 Herbie Nichols, American jazz pianist and composer ("Lady Sings the Blues"), born in Manhattan, New York City (d. 1963)
  • Jan 4 Al "Jazbo" Collins, American DJ (Tonight! America After Dark), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 4 Havelock Henry Trevor Hudson, underwriter (Lloyd's of London)
  • Jan 5 Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist, born in Roccasecca, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Jan 13 Army Archerd, Hollywood columnist/TV host (Movie Game)
  • Jan 13 Robert Stack, American actor (The Untouchables, Unsolved Mysteries, Written on the Wind), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)
  • Jan 14 Andy Rooney, American CBS news correspondent (60 Minutes), born in Albany, New York (d. 2011)
  • Jan 14 Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician & statesman (Prime Minister, 1989–1992), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2013)
  • Jan 15 Åke Seyffarth, Swedish speed skater (Olympic gold 10,000m 1948; WR 3,000 & 5,000m), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1998)
  • Jan 16 Bob Boucher, Kent Ohio, orchestra leader (Music on Ice)
  • Jan 18 Juan Antonio Orrego-Salas, Chilean composer, born in Santiago, Chile (d. 2019)
  • Jan 20 Royalton Kisch, British conductor, born in Marylebone, London (d. 1995)
  • Jan 20 Stepan Lucky, Slovak film score composer, born in Žilina, Slovakia (d. 2006)
  • Jan 21 Jinx Falkenburg [Eugenia], American actress and well-known US cover-girl model throughout 1930s-40s, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2003)
  • Jan 23 Bob Paisley, English football player & manager, born in Hetton-le-Hole, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 23 Ernie Kovacs, American comedian (The Ernie Kovacs Show), born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 1962)
  • Jan 23 Nina Dumbadze, Soviet discus thrower (Olympic bronze 1952), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1983)
  • Jan 23 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 Leon Kirchner, American contemporary classical composer (Pulitzer Prize for Music 1967), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • Jan 24 Nora Beloff, English journalist & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1997)
  • Jan 25 Edwin Newman, American journalist & author (NBC-TV, Comment), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • Jan 26 K C Ibrahim, cricketer (batted in 4 Tests India v WI 1948-49)
  • Jan 27 David Seville [Ross Bagdasarian], (Alvin & Chipmunks), born in Fresno, California
  • Jan 27 H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
  • Jan 27 Nina Milkina, Russian British pianist, born in Moscow (d. 2006)
  • Jan 29 Norman F Simpson, British playwright (One Way Pendulum)
  • Jan 29 Doyle Royal, American collegiate soccer coach (NCAA C'ship 1968; University of Maryland 1946-73) and tennis coach (U of Maryland 1954-80), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2020)
  • Jan 30 Robert Suter, Swiss composer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 2008)
  • Jan 30 Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet, born in Lyskovo, Russia (d. 1979)

Person of interestJackie Robinson

Jan 31 Jackie Robinson, 1st African American major league baseball player (Dodgers), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 1972)

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Jan 31 Robert Lowry, Baron Lowry. Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland and a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general, dies at 39
  • Jan 4 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), dies at 75

Person of interestTheodore Roosevelt

Jan 6 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), dies in NY at 60

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jan 6 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, dies at 54
  • Jan 7 Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot, dies at 75
  • Jan 8 Peter Altenberg, writer, dies at 59
  • Jan 15 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • Jan 16 Jaroslav Jeremiáš, Czech pianist and composer, dies at 19
  • Jan 16 Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • Jan 18 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English king George V, dies at 13
  • Jan 21 Gojong, Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (1897-1907), dies at 66
  • Jan 22 Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (Midwinter Sacrifice - Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts), dies at 65
  • Jan 27 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), dies from complications related to alcoholism at 41
  • Jan 30 Sam Steele, Canadian soldier, dies from influenza at 71
  • Jan 31 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79