On This Day

What Happened on January 15, 1919

Day of the Week: Wednesday

Historical Events

  • Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
  • Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes first premier of Poland
  • Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the "Great Molasses Flood" when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150
  • W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC

Famous Deaths

  • Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47