On This Day

What Happened in July 1919

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 1 SVV Scheveningen soccer club is established in the Dutch seaside town
  • Jul 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms

Boxing Title Fight

Jul 4 Jack Dempsey beats champion Jess Willard, retired in 3rd round in Toledo, Ohio for world heavyweight championship

  • Jul 5 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen of France beats Dorothea Chambers 10-8, 4-6, 9-7 for the first of 6 Wimbledon singles titles
  • Jul 6 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

Historic Event

Jul 6 Institute for Sexual Science opened in Berlin by physician Magnus Hirschfeld to establish study of sexual science

  • Jul 7 Philadelphia Phillies tie MLB record of 8 steals in an innings (9th) in a 10-5 loss vs NY Giants
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In the first all-Australian final Gerald Patterson beats Norman Brookes 6-3, 7-5, 6-2

Conference of Interest

Jul 8 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference

  • Jul 10 Dutch parliament approves women's right to vote
  • Jul 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day and no Sunday work
  • Jul 13 Race riots in Longview, Gregg County, Texas
  • Jul 13 Boston Red Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support in field
  • Jul 17 Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 17 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • Jul 19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • Jul 21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
  • Jul 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 27 13th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium
  • Jul 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (2012)
  • Jul 6 Oswaldo Guayasamín, Ecuadorian master painter and sculptor, born in Quito, Ecuador (d. 1999)
  • Jul 7 Jon Pertwee, English actor and entertainer (third Doctor in Doctor Who, Worzel Gummidge), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jul 7 William Moses Kunstler, defense attorney (Chicago 8)
  • Jul 8 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 9 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, born on Piel Island (d. 1996)
  • Jul 10 Ralph "Rusty" Gill, American singer (Polka Time), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2008)
  • Jul 10 Ian Wallace, British buffo bass-baritone opera and concert singer ("Gendarmes' Duet"), and broadcaster (BBC's My Music, 1964-97), born in London, England (d. 2009)
  • Jul 12 Vera Ralston [Věra Helena Hrubá], Czech figure skater and actress (Dakota, Accused of Murder), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2003)
  • Jul 14 Angiolino "Lino" Ventura, Italian actor (Happy New Year, Pain in the A--), born in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1987)
  • Jul 15 Iris Murdoch, novelist (Severed Head, Unicorn), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jul 15 Jack Hunter {John Averona], American big band vocalist (Elliot Lawrence Orchestra - "Apple Blossom Time"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Jul 16 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • Jul 17 Alex Moir, cricketer (New Zealand leg-spinner in 17 Tests 1950-59)
  • Jul 19 Patricia Medina, British actress (The Three Musketeers, High-Low), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2012)
  • Jul 19 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)

Edmund Hillary

Jul 20 Edmund Hillary, Explorer and Mountaineer (1st to scale Mt Everest with Tenzing Norgay), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2008)

  • Jul 24 Ferdi Kübler, Swiss cyclist (Tour de France 1950), born in Marthalen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 25 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born in Bonaire
  • Jul 26 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • Jul 26 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • Jul 26 Virginia Gilmore, American actress (Jennie, Western Union), born in El Monte, California (d. 1986)
  • Jul 27 Per Hjort Albertsen, Norwegian organist, composer, and educator, born in Trondheim, Norway (d. 2015)
  • Jul 29 Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • Jul 29 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 30 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles
  • Jul 31 Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster (ABC; NBC), born in Green River, Wyoming (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Hemu Adhikari, Indian cricket batsman (21 Tests; HS 114 1st Test v WI 1948), born in Pune, Maharashtra (d. 2003)
  • Jul 31 Norman Del Mar, British conductor and writer (Conducting Brahms), born in London (d. 1994)
  • Jul 31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)
  • Jul 31 Curt Gowdry, American sportscaster, author (Ford C. Frick Award, Pete Rozelle Award, lifetime achievement Emmy 1992), born in Green River, Wyoming (d. 2006)

Famous Weddings

Aldous Huxley

Jul 10 Author Aldous Huxley (25) weds epidemiologist Maria Nys in Bellem, Belgium

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, dies at 72
  • Jul 7 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies

Emil Fischer

Jul 15 [Hermann] Emil Fischer, German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), commits suicide at 66

  • Jul 26 Edward Poynter, British painter, President of the Royal Academy, dies at 83
  • Jul 31 Dick Barlow, English cricket all-rounder (17 Tests, 2 x 50, 34 wickets, BB 7/40; Lancashire CCC), dies at 68