What Happened in September 1919

Historical Events

Theater Premiere

Sep 1 Frank Wedekind's play "Herakles" premieres in Munich

  • Sep 2 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 2 Italy agrees to general voting rights and proportional representation

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

Sep 3 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

  • Sep 4 British intervene in Petrograd

Historic Event

Sep 4 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

  • Sep 4 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Johnston wins his second US title; beats Bill Tilden 6-4, 6-4, 6-3
  • Sep 9 Boston's police force strikes
  • Sep 10 China becomes a member of the League of Nations
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Indians pitcher Ray Caldwell no-hits New York Yankees, 3-0 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

Historic Event

Sep 10 NYC welcomes home General John J. Pershing and 25,000 WWI soldiers

  • Sep 10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • Sep 11 US Marines again send troops to Honduras

Agreement of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

  • Sep 12 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy
  • Sep 13 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 14 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • Sep 16 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • Sep 16 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
  • Sep 18 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • Sep 18 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drowns 280 along Gulf Coast
  • Sep 20 Booth Tarkington's play "Clarence," premieres in NYC

Baseball Record

Sep 20 Legendary baseball slugger Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's MLB mark of 27 home runs with a 9th inning blast in Boston Red Sox 4-3 win against Chicago White Sox

PGA Championship

Sep 20 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Engineers CC: Defending champion Jim Barnes defeats Fred McLeod, 6 & 5 in the final

  • Sep 22 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • Sep 24 Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth sets MLB season home run record at 28 off Yankee Bob Shawkey in a 2-1 loss at the Polo Grounds in NYC

Historic Event

Sep 25 US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers

  • Sep 27 Boston Red Sox slugger Babe Ruth takes his MLB home run record to 29 with a 3rd inning blast in a 7-5 defeat at the Washington Senators' Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • Sep 27 Democratic National Committee votes to allow female members
  • Sep 27 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
  • Sep 28 Fastest major league game (51 mins), Giants beat Phillies 6-1
  • Sep 30 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 30 Race riot at Elaine, Arkansas

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 2 Gideon William Waldrop, American composer and educator (Julliard School, 1961-85), born in Haskell County, Texas (d. 2000)
  • Sep 2 Marge Champion (née Belcher), American dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2020)
  • Sep 4 Howard Morris, American comedic actor and director (The Andy Griffith Show, High Anxiety), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Sep 6 Wilson Greatbatch, American engineer and pioneering inventor, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2011)
  • Sep 7 Alberic Schotte, Belgian cyclist, born in Kanegem, Belgium (d. 2004)
  • Sep 8 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Sep 8 Johan Kvandal, Norwegian composer, born in Kristiania, Norway (d. 1999)
  • Sep 9 Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
  • Sep 9 Jacques Marin, French character actor (The Vintage, Charade), born in Paris, France (d. 2001)
  • Sep 10 Lex van Delden [Alexander Zwaap], Dutch composer and writer (Canto della Guerra), born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, (d. 1988)
  • Sep 13 George Weidenfeld, British publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • Sep 13 Mary Midgley, British-American philosopher (Animals and Why They Matter), born in London (d. 2018)
  • Sep 14 Deryck Cooke, British composer and musicologist, born in Leicester (d. 1976)
  • Sep 14 Kay Medford [Margaret Kathleen Regan], American actress (Dean Martin Show; To Rome With Love), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • Sep 15 Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (Giro d'Italia 1940, 47, 49, 52-53; Tour de France 1949, 52; World Championship gold Individual pursuit 1947, road race 1953), born in Castellania, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Sep 15 Nelson Gidding, American screenwriter (The Andromeda Strain), born in New York (d. 2004)
  • Sep 16 Andy Russell, American singer (Andy & Della Russell Show), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1992)
  • Sep 16 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian author (Peter Principle), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1990)
  • Sep 16 Milan Harašta, Czech composer, born in Brno, Moravia Czechoslovakia (d. 1946)
  • Sep 19 Blanche Thebom, American mezzo-soprano (Amneris-Aida), born in Monessen, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Sep 19 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions) (d. 1995)
  • Sep 21 Aya Zikken, Dutch author (Atlasvlinder, Rameh), born in Epe, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • Sep 21 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani modernist scholar, born in Hazara District, Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • Sep 21 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Sep 22 Jack Russell, American singer (Your Show of Shows), born in Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Sep 24 Dayton Allen, American comedian (Steve Allen Show, The Cotton Club), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • Sep 24 Václav Nelhýbel, Czech-American composer (Everyman), born in Polanka, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • Sep 26 Barbara Britton [Brantingham], American actress (Captain Kidd, Young & Willing, Mr. and Mrs. North), born in Long Beach, California (d. 1980)
  • Sep 26 Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher, born in Santander, Cantabria, Spain (d. 2012)
  • Sep 27 Charles H Percy, (Sen-R-Ill)
  • Sep 27 James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • Sep 27 Jayne Meadows, American actress (Dark Delusion, David and Bathsheba) and wife of Steve Allen, born in Wuchang, Hubei, China (d. 2015)
  • Sep 28 Countess Margaret Johnson, American jazz pianist, born in Chanute, Kansas (d. 1939)
  • Sep 28 Lenn Hjortzberg, Swedish director (Persona, Devil's Eye), born in Karlskrona, Sweden

Tom Harmon

Sep 28 Tom Harmon, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1940, Michigan; LA Rams) and broadcaster (CBS 1950-62), born in Rennselaer, Indiana (d. 1990)

  • Sep 29 Masao Takemoto, Japanese gymnast (Olympic gold team 1960; 3 x silver 1952, 56, 60; 3 x bronze 1956), born in Hamada, Japan (d. 2007)
  • Sep 30 Patricia Neway, American soprano (Consul; Maria Golovia), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • Sep 30 Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (d. 1992)

Famous Weddings

Konrad Adenauer

Sep 26 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (43) weds Auguste Zinsser in Cologne, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 6 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, dies at 55
  • Sep 12 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), dies at 48
  • Sep 24 Frank Laver, Australian cricket medium pace bowler (15 Tests, 37 wickets, BB 8/31) and baseball player (first Australian national team), dies of a cerebral haemorrhage at 49
  • Sep 25 Charles Lang Freer, American industrialist and art collector; endowed Smithsonian's Freer Gallery of Art, dies at 65
  • Sep 27 Adelina Patti, Italian soprano (Lucio), dies at 76