On This Day

What Happened in April 1920

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 1 Stanley Cup Final, Mutual Street Arena, Toronto, ON: Jack Darragh scores a hat-trick as Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA), 6-1 for a 3-2 series win
  • Apr 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 8 LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • Apr 13 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • Apr 15 Sacco & Vanzetti Trial: paymaster shot and killed along with his guard
  • Apr 19 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Apr 20 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
  • Apr 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 20 Phillies manager Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
  • Apr 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara

TurkeyEnd of the Ottoman Empire

Apr 23 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
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The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
  • Apr 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 25 Magda Julin of Sweden beats team mate Svea Norén for the gold medal in women's singles figure skating at the Antwerp Olympics
  • Apr 26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 26 Husband and wife team Ludowika & Walter Jakobsson representing Finland, win the pairs skating gold medal at the Antwerp Olympics; Ludowika is the only German-born athlete at the Games
  • Apr 26 Ice hockey makes its Olympic debut at the Antwerp Games with center Frank Fredrickson scoring 7 goals in Canada's 12-1 drubbing of Sweden in the gold medal match
  • Apr 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 27 Sweden takes the figure skating double at the Antwerp Olympics when Gillis Grafström wins his first of 3 consecutive men's gold medals; Magda Julin earlier wins the women's singles event
  • Apr 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 29 Duke Kahanamoku wins his 2nd gold medal of the day in the winning American 4 x 200m freestyle relay team with Perry McGillivray, Pua Kealoha and Norman Ross in world record 10:04.4
  • Apr 30 The British Government ends military conscription

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestToshiro Mifune

Apr 1 Toshiro Mifune, Japanese writer and actor (Rashomon, Seven Samurai, Shogun), born in Tsingtao, China (d. 1997)

Actor & Writer Toshiro Mifune
Actor & Writer
Toshiro Mifune
  • Apr 2 Jack Webb, American screenwriter, director and actor (Dragnet, Sunset Boulevard), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 1982)
  • Apr 3 Stan Freeman, American composer (Melody Tour), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 2001)
  • Apr 3 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), born in Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 2012)
  • Apr 4 Éric Rohmer [Maurice Schérer], French director, journalist and teacher (My Night at Maud's, Claire's Knee, Le rayon vert), born in Tulle, Corrèze, France (d. 2010)
  • Apr 5 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • Apr 5 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • Apr 6 Bernard Carter, British painter and etcher

Person of interestRavi Shankar

Apr 7 Ravi Shankar, Indian musician (The Pandit), born in Varanasi, India (d. 2012)

Musician Ravi Shankar
Musician
Ravi Shankar
  • Apr 7 Terence Armstrong, British polar geographer (d. 1996)
  • Apr 8 Carmen McRae (Clark), US jazz singer/pianist (Dream of Life)
  • Apr 8 Erik Pausin, Austrian figure skating pairs (Olympic silver 1936)
  • Apr 9 Alexander Moulton, English engineer and bicycle designer (folding bicycle), born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England (d. 2012)
  • Apr 9 Art Van Damme, American jazz accordionist (Chicago Jazz), born in Norway, Michigan (d. 2010)
  • Apr 9 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • Apr 9 F Don Miller, Boxing coach (Olympic-1956), born in Racine, Wisconsin
  • Apr 11 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), born in Frauenstein, Austria (d. 1970)
  • Apr 11 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • Apr 12 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • Apr 12 Robert Fizdale, American pianist (Misia), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • Apr 13 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • Apr 13 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • Apr 13 John LaPorta, American musician and composer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2004)
  • Apr 13 Ken Nordine, American voice-over and recording artist (World Jazz), born in Cherokee, Iowa (d. 2019)
  • Apr 14 Eduardo Maturana, Chilean composer, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 2003)
  • Apr 15 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart (d. 2015)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Apr 16 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Apr 16 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • Apr 17 Bengt Anderberg, Swedish poet and writer (Kain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • Apr 17 Joan Warburton, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 18 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • Apr 19 Frank Fontaine, American comedian (Crazy Guggenheim), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • Apr 20 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 20 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • Apr 21 Bruno Maderna, conductor/composer, Hyperion) [or Mar 21], born in Venice, Italy
  • Apr 21 Christopher Dark [Alfred Francis DeLeo], American actor, (World Without End, The Time Tunnel), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971)
  • Apr 21 Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991)
  • Apr 22 Hal March [Harold Mendelson], American comedian, actor and TV host ($64,000 Question, Outrage), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1970)
  • Apr 22 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological and poet (Misery of the Word), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 23 Eric Yarrow, British businessman, CEO (Clydesdale Bank), born in Frensham, Surrey
  • Apr 23 Louis Barron, American composer (electronic music), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1989)
  • Apr 25 Jean Carmet, French actor (Cache Cash, Miss Mona, Night Magic), born in Bourgueil, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1994)
  • Apr 26 Padu del Caribe ["Father of the Caribbean," born Juan Chabaya Lampe], Aruban pianist and composer who wrote "Aruba Dushi Tera" - Aruba's national anthem, is born
  • Apr 26 Russell Nype, American singer and actor (The Stuff, Call Me Madam, Dorothy), born in Zion, Illinois (d. 2018)
  • Apr 27 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, born in Novara, Italy (d. 1956)
  • Apr 27 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet (At Eighty), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • Apr 27 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • Apr 28 Nan Merriman, American-Dutch singer (Arturo Toscanini NBC Orchestra), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Apr 29 Edward Blishen, English author (The God Beneath the Sea), born in Barnet, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 29 Harold Shapero, American composer (9 Minute Opera), born in Lynn, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • Apr 30 Duncan Hamilton, Irish racing driver, born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • Apr 30 Leen 't Hart, Dutch organist and composer, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1992)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 3 Novelist and short story writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 6 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger (32) weds Annemarie Bertel

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 7 Country singer Jimmie Rodgers (22) weds Carrie Williamson

Country Singer Jimmie Rodgers
Country Singer
Jimmie Rodgers

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 21 Future UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (26) weds daughter of the 9th Duke of Devonshire Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (19) at St. Margaret's, Westminster

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 3 Homer Newton Bartlett, composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 7 Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • Apr 8 Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer (White Peacock), dies of influenza at 35
  • Apr 10 Moritz B. Cantor, German historian of mathematics, dies at 90
  • Apr 10 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • Apr 15 Jacob van Stolk Azn, art collector, dies at 74
  • Apr 16 John Conrad Nordqvist, Swedish composer, dies at 80
  • Apr 26 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), dies of illness at 32
  • Apr 29 William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)