On This Day

What Happened in February 1920

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4 1st flight from London to South Africa departs (takes 1½ months)
  • Feb 6 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7 Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8 Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 9 Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances & alterations to baseballs
  • Feb 10 Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with ball
  • Feb 10 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13 National Negro Baseball League organizes
  • Feb 13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland, allowing Switzerland to rejoin the League
  • Feb 14 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19 Netherlands joins League of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris

Composer Darius Milhaud
Composer
Darius Milhaud
  • Feb 22 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 28 Maurice Ravel's orchestral suite "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres in Paris

Composer and Pianist Maurice Ravel
Composer and Pianist
Maurice Ravel
  • Feb 29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
  • Feb 1 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), born in Beijing, China (d. 2013)
  • Feb 3 Margaret "Bibi" Osterwald, American actress (As Good as It Gets, Bridget Loves Bernie), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • Feb 3 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • Feb 3 Stan Ockers, Belgian road cyclist (World road champion 1955; Tour de France runner-up 1950, 52), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Feb 3 Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver
  • Feb 3 George A. Miller, cognitive psychologist (the magical number seven), born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 2012)
  • Feb 4 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 5 Frank Muir, British comedian (d. 1998)
  • Feb 6 James H. Scheuer, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1965-73, 75- 93), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • Feb 7 An Wang, Chinese-American computer engineer (Wang Labs, Wang Computers), born in Shanghai, China (d. 1990)
  • Feb 7 Oscar Brand, Canadian-born American folk vocalist (Draw Me A Laugh), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 2016)
  • Feb 8 Buddy Blattner, baseball player
  • Feb 8 Bruce Smith, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1941, U of Minnesota; NFL: Green Bay Packers), born in Faribault, Minnesota (d. 1967)
  • Feb 10 Alexander Comfort, English poet/writer (Wreath for the Living)
  • Feb 10 J Heslop-Harrison, botanist
  • Feb 11 Billy Halop [William Halop Cohen], American actor (Angels with Dirty Faces, All in the Family), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • Feb 11 Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, American sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
  • Feb 11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • Feb 11 Paul Peter Piech, artist
  • Feb 12 William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
  • Feb 12 Pran Krishan Sikand, Indian actor often cast as the villain in Hindi cinema (Khandaan, Be-Imaan), born in New Delhi (d. 2013)
  • Feb 12 Robert "Bob" Shad [Abraham Shadrinsky], American record producer and record label owner (Big Brother and the Holding Company), born in NYC, New York (d. 1985)
  • Feb 13 Boudleaux Bryant, American country music and pop songwriter ("Love Hurts"; "Bye Bye Love"; "Wake Up Little Susie"), born in Shellman, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Feb 13 Eileen Farrell, American soprano (I Got A Right To Sing The Blues; Metropolitan Opera, 1960-66) and film voice (Interrupted Melody), born in Willimantic, Connecticut (d. 2002)
  • Feb 15 Ingmar Milveden, Swedish organist, composer, and musicologist, born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Feb 15 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Klinkaart, Het begeren), born in Terhagen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1984
  • Feb 15 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • Feb 15 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • Feb 16 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • Feb 16 Lee Russell, American vocalist (Vincent Lopez), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Feb 16 Anna Mae Hays [McCabe], American military officer and US military's 1st female General, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2018)
  • Feb 17 Paul Fetler, American composer (December Stillness; Three Poems By Walt Whitman), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)
  • Feb 17 Trevor Oswald Ling, English religious studies, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Feb 18 Bill Cullen, Pitts, TV game show host (over 20 different games)
  • Feb 18 Jack Palance [Vladimir Palahniuk], American actor (City Slickers, Contempt, Batman), born in Lattimer Mines, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • Feb 19 Frances K Bairstow, educator/labor relations consultant
  • Feb 19 George Rose, British actor and singer (Beacon Hill, Holocaust), born in Bicester, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1988)
  • Feb 19 C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003)
  • Feb 19 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • Feb 20 Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
  • Feb 20 Frankie Gustine, American Major baseball infielder (MLB All-Star 1946, 47, 48; Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Hoopeston, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • Feb 22 Bettina Vernon-Warren, dancer
  • Feb 22 Del Wood [Adelaide Hazelwood], American country musician, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1989)
  • Feb 23 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Feb 23 Hall Overton, American jazz pianist, and jazz and classical composer (Enchanted Pear Tree), born in Bangor, Michigan [1]
  • Feb 23 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • Feb 23 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • Feb 24 Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)
  • Feb 25 Sun Myung Moon, South Korean evangelist (Unification Church), born in Chongju, Japanese Korea (d. 2012)
  • Feb 25 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless (d. 2000)
  • Feb 25 Hayes Gordon, American stage director and actor (Sky Pirates, Dark Room), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1999)
  • Feb 25 Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
  • Feb 26 A W [Rie] Kuiper-Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (Olympics 3 gold-1936)
  • Feb 26 Tony Randall [Leonard Rosenberg], American actor (Felix-Odd Couple), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2004)
  • Feb 26 Danny Gardella, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • Feb 26 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • Feb 27 Jose Melis, orchestra leader (Jack Paar Program), born in Havana, Cuba
  • Feb 27 Reg Simpson, English cricket batsman (27 Tests; best 156no v Australia 1951), born in Sherwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 2013)
  • Feb 27 Robert L. "Bob" Talley, American jazz and blues pianist and composer (Blues Alley All Star Band), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1995)
  • Feb 28 Edward Kassner, Austrian born music publisher (President Records), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1996)
  • Feb 28 Jim Olin, American politician (Rep-D-VA, 1983-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2006)
  • Feb 28 Marjorie Sweeting, English geomorphologist (d. 1994)
  • Feb 29 Arthur Franz, American actor (The Caine Mutiny; Invaders From Mars; Young Lions), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey
  • Feb 29 James Mitchell, American dancer and actor (All My Children, Bloomer Girl), born in Sacramento, California (d. 2010)
  • Feb 29 Louise Wood, director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)
  • Feb 29 Michèle Morgan, French actress (Passage to Marseille), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine (d. 2016)
  • Feb 29 Ivan Petrov, Russian operatic bass (d. 2003)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 7 Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • Feb 7 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, dies at 45
  • Feb 8 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, dies at 56
  • Feb 12 Émile Sauret, French violinist and composer, dies at 67
  • Feb 12 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • Feb 12 Ottalee Baker, Frank "Home Run" Baker's wife, dies at 31

Person of interestRobert Peary

Feb 20 Robert Peary, American arctic explorer who claimed to have 1st reached geographic North Pole (Apr 6 1909), dies at 63

Arctic Explorer Robert Peary
Arctic Explorer
Robert Peary
  • Feb 21 Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910)
  • Feb 23 Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky, composer, dies at 61
  • Feb 25 Prince Louis of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein nobleman and politician, dies at 73
  • Feb 26 Ludwig Rubiner, German poet and essayist, dies at 38
  • Feb 27 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romanian historian, dies at 72