What Happened in January 1920

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 1 6th Rose Bowl: Harvard beats Oregon 7-6
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 4 1st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • Jan 4 Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Montreal Canadiens (14) & Tor St Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 12 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected President of France
  • Jan 17 First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded
  • Jan 21 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 24 12th Australasian Championships: Algernon Kingscote beats Eric Pockley (6-4, 6-0, 6-3)
  • Jan 26 Amedeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Jan 31 Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Jan 1 Virgilio Savona, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
  • Jan 2 Duke of Devonshire, English large landowner/art collector

Person of interestIsaac Asimov

Jan 2 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), born in Petrovichi, Russia (d. 1992)

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • Jan 2 Penelope Jessel, politcal activist
  • Jan 2 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • Jan 3 Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
  • Jan 4 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • Jan 4 Rosalie Crutchley, British actress (Armchair Theatre: Black Limelight, Four Weddings and a Funeral), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • Jan 5 Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Brescia Italy, pianist
  • Jan 5 Mohammad Aslam Khokhar, cricket (Pak bat scored 16 & 18 in only test)
  • Jan 6 Earl Kim, Korean-American composer, born in Dinuba, California (d. 1998)
  • Jan 6 Early Wynn, Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (9-time All Star), born in Hartford, Alabama (d. 1999)
  • Jan 6 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
  • Jan 7 Albert Meltzer, anarchist
  • Jan 7 Aubrey Brabazon, jockey/trainer
  • Jan 7 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • Jan 7 Vincent Gardenia, Italian-American actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Moonstruck, Little Shop of Horrors), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Jan 8 Hendrikus J Wittebold, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Jan 8 Douglas Wilmer, British actor (Sherlock Holmes, Octopussy, El Cid), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jan 9 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • Jan 9 Clive Dunn, British actor (Dad's Army, The Avengers), born in Brixton, London (d. 2012)
  • Jan 9 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • Jan 10 Georges Marchal, French actor (Evil Eden, Gina, Milky Way, La mort en ce jardin), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1997)
  • Jan 10 Max Patkin, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • Jan 11 John Powell, campaigner
  • Jan 12 James Farmer, Marshall, Tex, civil rights leader
  • Jan 12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist
  • Jan 14 Bertus de Harder, Dutch soccer star (Bordeaux)
  • Jan 14 Donald Beard, cricketer (NZ pace bowler in the 1950's)
  • Jan 14 George Herman, newsman (CBS-TV)
  • Jan 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 15 John Junor, British editor in chief (Sunday Express)
  • Jan 15 Steve Gromek, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • Jan 16 Edgeworth Blair "Elliott" Reid, American actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Jan 17 George Handy [George Joseph Hendleman], American jazz musician (Handyland, U.S.A.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jan 17 Nora Kaye, American prima ballerina, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 18 Constance Moore, American singer and actress (Buck Rogers, Show Business, Atlantic City), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2005)
  • Jan 19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • Jan 20 DeForest Kelley, American actor, screenwriter, poet and singer (Star Trek), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • Jan 20 Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
  • Jan 20 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
  • Jan 20 Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )
  • Jan 20 Michael Higgins, American actor (Angel Heart, 1918, Wanda, Black Stallion), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jan 20 Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (d. 2006)

Person of interestFederico Fellini

Jan 20 Federico Fellini, Italian film director and scriptwriter (8 1/2, La Dolce Vita), born in Rimini, Italy (d. 1993)

Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini
  • Jan 21 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • Jan 21 Torsten Nilsson, composer
  • Jan 22 George Breakston, French-American producer, actor and director (Jungle Stampede, It Happened One Night), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • Jan 22 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • Jan 22 William Warfield, singer (Show Boat)
  • Jan 23 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • Jan 24 Don Saddler, Van Nuys California, dancer (Holiday Hotel)
  • Jan 24 Jerry Maren [Gerard Marenghi], American actor (The Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 98)
  • Jan 26 Derek Bond, British actor (Nicholas Nickelby, Armchair Theatre), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2006)
  • Jan 26 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • Jan 27 Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
  • Jan 27 John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Jan 29 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • Jan 29 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 George Skibine, Russ/US dancer/choreographer (Tragedy in Verona)
  • Jan 30 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • Jan 30 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • Jan 31 Stewart L Udall, St Johns Ariz, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69)
  • Jan 31 Bert Williams, English footballer (Wolverhampton, 30 caps), born in Bradley, Staffordshire (d. 2014)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
  • Jan 3 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, dies at 31
  • Jan 4 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), dies at 76
  • Jan 7 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • Jan 14 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), dies at 5
  • Jan 16 Reginald De Koven, American composer, dies at 60
  • Jan 20 Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (b. 1876)
  • Jan 25 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), dies at 35
  • Jan 26 Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered