On This Day

What Happened in January 1920

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 1 6th Rose Bowl: Harvard beats Oregon 7-6
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 3 Boston Red Sox baseball club owner Harry Frazee announces agreement to sell slugger Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for $125,000 in cash and a $350,000 loan; start of the 84 year "Curse of the Bambino"

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jan 4 1st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • Jan 4 Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Montreal's Newsy Lalonde scores 6 goals as Canadiens beat Toronto St. Patricks, 14-7 at Mount Royal Arena, Montreal; combined 21 goals an NHL record
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 12 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence

  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected President of France
  • Jan 17 First day of prohibition of alcohol comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded
  • Jan 21 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 24 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Sydney: Englishman Algernon Kingscote beats Eric Pockley of Australia 6-4, 6-0, 6-3
  • Jan 26 Amedeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Jan 31 Quebec Bulldogs center Joe Malone sets NHL record with 7 goals in a 10-6 win against Toronto St. Patricks at the Quebec Arena

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Jan 1 Virgilio Savona, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
  • Jan 2 Andrew Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, English aristocrat (Chatsworth), politician, married Deborah Mitford, born in London, England (d. 2004)

Person of interestIsaac Asimov

Jan 2 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), born in Petrovichi, Russia (d. 1992)

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • Jan 2 Penelope Jessel, politcal activist
  • Jan 2 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • Jan 3 Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
  • Jan 4 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • Jan 4 Rosalie Crutchley, British actress (Armchair Theatre: Black Limelight, Four Weddings and a Funeral), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • Jan 5 Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist, born in Brescia, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Jan 5 Mohammad Aslam Khokhar, Pakistani cricketer (Pak bat scored 16 & 18 in only test), born in Lahore, Pakistan (d. 2011)
  • Jan 6 Earl Kim, Korean-American composer, born in Dinuba, California (d. 1998)
  • Jan 6 Early Wynn, Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (9-time All Star), born in Hartford, Alabama (d. 1999)
  • Jan 6 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium, born in Grantham, United Kingdom (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 John Maynard Smith, English biologist, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • Jan 7 Albert Meltzer, anarchist
  • Jan 7 Aubrey Brabazon, jockey/trainer
  • Jan 7 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • Jan 7 Vincent Gardenia, Italian-American actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Moonstruck, Little Shop of Horrors), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Jan 8 Douglas Wilmer, British actor (Sherlock Holmes, Octopussy, El Cid), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jan 9 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1999)
  • Jan 9 Clive Dunn, British actor (Dad's Army, The Avengers), born in Brixton, London (d. 2012)
  • Jan 9 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar & medical researcher, born in New Delhi, India (d. 1998)
  • Jan 10 Georges Marchal, French actor (Evil Eden, Gina, Milky Way, La mort en ce jardin), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1997)
  • Jan 10 Max Patkin, American baseball player & clown, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • Jan 11 John Powell, campaigner
  • Jan 12 James Farmer, American civil rights leader, born in Marshall, Texas (d. 1999)
  • Jan 12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 2009)
  • Jan 14 Bertus de Harder, Dutch soccer star (Bordeaux), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • Jan 14 Donald Beard, New Zealand cricketer (NZ pace bowler in the 1950's), born in Palmerston North, New Zealand (d. 1982)
  • Jan 14 George Herman, American journalist (CBS-TV), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • Jan 15 John O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • Jan 15 John Junor, Scottish journalist (Sunday Express), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • Jan 15 Steve Gromek, American baseball player, born in Hamtramck, Michigan (d. 2002)
  • Jan 16 Edgeworth Blair "Elliott" Reid, American actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Jan 17 George Handy [George Joseph Hendleman], American jazz musician (Handyland, U.S.A.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jan 17 Nora Kaye, American prima ballerina, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 18 Constance Moore, American singer & actress (Buck Rogers, Show Business, Atlantic City), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2005)
  • Jan 19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • Jan 20 DeForest Kelley, American actor (Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy-Star Trek), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • Jan 20 Peter Clemoes, British historian, born in Southend-on-Sea, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 20 Richard J. C. Atkinson, British archaeologist, born in Evershot, United Kingdom (d. 1994)
  • Jan 20 Sam Gibbons, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963- ), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Michael Higgins, American actor (Angel Heart, 1918, Wanda, Black Stallion), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jan 20 Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author & ski jumper, born in Aker, Norway (d. 2006)

Person of interestFederico Fellini

Jan 20 Federico Fellini, Italian film director & scriptwriter (8 1/2, La Dolce Vita), born in Rimini, Italy (d. 1993)

Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini
  • Jan 21 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Errol Walton Barrow, Prime Minister of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • Jan 21 Torsten Nilsson, Swedish composer, born in Höör, Sweden (d. 1999)
  • Jan 22 George Breakston, French-American producer, actor and director (Jungle Stampede, It Happened One Night), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • Jan 22 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • Jan 22 William Warfield, singer (Show Boat)
  • Jan 23 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • Jan 24 Don Saddler, American choreographer & dancer (Holiday Hotel), born in Van Nuys, California (d. 2014)
  • Jan 24 Jerry Maren [Gerard Marenghi], American actor (The Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • Jan 26 Derek Bond, British actor (Nicholas Nickelby, Armchair Theatre), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2006)
  • Jan 26 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • Jan 27 Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
  • Jan 27 John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Jan 29 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • Jan 29 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 George Skibine, Russian-American ballet dancer & choreographer (Tragedy in Verona), born in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia (d. 1981)
  • Jan 30 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • Jan 30 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran, born in Huntingon, West Virginia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • Jan 31 Stewart L Udall, St Johns Ariz, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69)
  • Jan 31 Bert Williams, English footballer (Wolverhampton, 30 caps), born in Bradley, Staffordshire (d. 2014)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
  • Jan 3 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, dies at 31
  • Jan 4 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), dies at 76
  • Jan 7 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1901-03), dies at 70
  • Jan 14 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), dies at 55
  • Jan 16 Reginald De Koven, American composer, dies at 60
  • Jan 20 Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler and strongman of the early 20th century, dies at 43
  • Jan 25 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), dies at 35
  • Jan 26 Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered