On This Day

What Happened in July 1920

Historical Events

Sports History

Jul 1 Washington Senators pitching legend Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox 1-0 at Fenway Park, the only no-hitter of his illustrious career

  • Jul 1 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Cinque Ports GC: Scotsman George Duncan erases 13 stroke deficit after 36 holes to win his only major title; first Open played since WWII
  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: French superstar Suzanne Lenglen beats Dorothea Chambers 6-3, 6-0 to complete a sweep after taking the women's & mixed doubles titles
  • Jul 1 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • Jul 1 St Louis Cardinals become tenants of their AL rival St Louis Browns, as they abandon Robison Field midway through the MLB season and return to Sportsman's Park
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden, becomes first American male to win Wimbledon beating defending champion Gerald Patterson of Australia 2-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-4
  • Jul 3 Java Technical School, Bandung, opens
  • Jul 3 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • Jul 4 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • Jul 6 New York Yankees score MLB record 14 runs in 5th inning of a 17-0 rout of Washington Senators

Sports History

Jul 10 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary

  • Jul 11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • Jul 12 Lithuania and USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • Jul 15 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • Jul 16 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
  • Jul 16 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief

Baseball Record

Jul 19 Babe Ruth hits his 30th home run of the 1920 baseball season, breaking his own single-season record. He would attain 54 throughout the season, before breaking that record the next year.

  • Jul 20 Dutch soccer club Sportclub Heerenveen is formed; initially known as Athleta; KNVB Cup Champions 2008–09
  • Jul 21 Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • Jul 23 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
  • Jul 27 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • Jul 27 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
  • Jul 27 14th Tour de France: Belgian rider Philippe Thys becomes first to win the race 3 times
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental airmail flight from New York to San Francisco
  • Jul 29 Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • Jul 29 Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, Oregon

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Harold Sakata [Toshiyuki], American actor (Gold Finger, Dimension 5), born in Holualoa, Hawaii (d. 1982)
  • Jul 2 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 John Lessard, American composer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2003)
  • Jul 3 Louise Allbritton, American actress (The Egg and I, Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1979)
  • Jul 4 Leona Helmsley, American real estate billionaire convicted of federal income tax evasion, born in Marbletown, New York (d. 2007)
  • Jul 4 Norm Drucker, American basketball referee (NBA Supervisor of Officials 1977–81; ABA Supervisor of the Officials 1969–73), born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • Jul 5 Issachar Miron, Israeli composer, born in Kutno, Poland (d. 2015)
  • Jul 5 Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist, born in Franklin, New Hampshire (d. 2017)
  • Jul 6 César Rodríguez Álvarez, Spanish soccer forward (12 caps; Barcelona) and manager (Zaragoza, Barcelona), born in León, Spain (d. 1995)
  • Jul 8 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • Jul 9 (Alexander) "Duke" Burrell, American jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader (Louisiana Shakers; Louis Jordan; Johnny Otis), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1993)

David Brinkley

Jul 10 David Brinkley, American NBC news anchor (Huntley-Brinkley), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 2003)

  • Jul 10 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (antiproton, Nobel-1959), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2006)

Yul Brynner

Jul 11 Yul Brynner, Russian-Swiss Tony and Academy Award-winning stage and screen actor (The King and I; The Ten Commandments), born in Primorsky Krai, Russia (d. 1985)

  • Jul 12 Keith Andes, American actor (Farmer's Daughter, Away All Boats), born in Ocean City, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • Jul 12 Paul Foster, American singer (Soul Stirrers), born in Grand Cane, Louisiana (d. 1995)
  • Jul 12 Beah Richards, American actress, poet, playwright and author (Roots, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi (d. 2000)
  • Jul 12 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, American artist (Tribute to the American Working People), born in West Point, New York (d. 2009)

Pierre Berton

Jul 12 Pierre Berton, Canadian author (War of 1812), born in Whitehorse, Yukon (d. 2004)

  • Jul 13 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • Jul 13 Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • Jul 14 Marijohn Wilkin, American songwriter ("One Day At A Time"), born in Kemp, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Jul 15 Eldon Rudd, (Rep-R-AZ, 1977- )
  • Jul 15 Ruthven Wade, British Air Chief marshal
  • Jul 16 Anwar Hussain, Pakistani cricketer (four Tests for Pakistan v India 1952-53), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2002)
  • Jul 17 Bill Monroe, American newscaster (NBC-TV, Congressional Report), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jul 17 Helen Walker, American actress (Brewster's Million, Lucky Jordan), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • Jul 17 Juan Antonio Samaranch, Spanish sports administrator (7th President International Olympic Committee 1980-2001), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2010)
  • Jul 17 Rudolf Karpati, Hungarian sabres (Olympic gold 1956, 60)

Gordon Gould

Jul 17 Gordon Gould, American physicist (inventor of the laser), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

  • Jul 17 Esperanza Baur, Mexican film actress, and John Wayne's second wife, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1961)
  • Jul 18 Adolphus "Dolph" Sweet, American actor (Gimme a Break, Which Way is Up), born in NYC, New York (d. 1985)
  • Jul 18 Eric Brandon, British racing driver, born in East Ham, Essex (d. 1982)
  • Jul 19 Robert Christiani, West Indian cricketer (brother of Cyril WI batsman in 22 Tests), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2005)
  • Jul 19 Robert Mann, American composer and violinist (String Quartet 1952), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2018)
  • Jul 20 Elliot L Richardson, Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973)
  • Jul 20 Jack Harman, British general
  • Jul 20 Jeffrey Petersen, British diplomat
  • Jul 21 Constant [Nieuwenhuys], Dutch painter (Uprising of Homo Ludens), and sculptor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • Jul 21 Isaac Stern, American-Ukrainian violinist (debut San Francisco Symphony), born in Kremenets, Ukraine, Soviet Union (d. 2001)
  • Jul 21 Manuel Valls, Spanish composer, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1984)
  • Jul 22 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman
  • Jul 22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1997)
  • Jul 23 Marcel Maeyer, Belgian sculptor and graphic artist, born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium (d. 1993)
  • Jul 23 Amália Rodrigues, Portuguese fado singer, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1999)
  • Jul 24 Alexander H. Cohen, Broadway producer (Beyond the Fringe), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Jul 24 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), born in New York City (d. 1998)

Rosalind Franklin

Jul 25 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958) [1]

  • Jul 26 Bob Waterfield, American NFL quarterback (Rams), born in Elmira, New York (d. 1983)
  • Jul 27 James Munn, Scottish educationalist and commissioner (British University) (d. 2009)
  • Jul 29 Rodolfo Acosta, Mexican-American character actor (Salón México, The Fugitive, Littlest Outlaw), born in Chamizal, Texas (d. 1974)
  • Jul 29 Neville Jeffress, Australian founder of Media Monitors Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jul 31 Rudolf Halaczinsky, German composer, born in Emma-Grube, Upper Silesia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 31 James Esdras Faust, American religious leader, born in Delta, Utah (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

John Ford

Jul 3 Film director John Ford (26) weds Mary Smith (25)

Joachim von Ribbentrop

Jul 5 Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop (27) weds Anna Elisabeth Henkell


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer, dies at 74
  • Jul 3 William Crawford Gorgas, American physician and 22nd Surgeon-General of the U.S. Army (controlled yellow fever during building of the Panama Canal), dies at 65
  • Jul 5 John Shuter, cricketer (scored 28 in only Test for England 1888), dies
  • Jul 5 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor, dies at 63
  • Jul 10 Eugénie de Montijo, Emperor of France (1853-71), dies at 94
  • Jul 10 John A "Jacky" Kilverston, adm/designer (dreadnought), dies at 79
  • Jul 10 Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • Jul 22 William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
  • Jul 23 Conrad Kohrs, German-born cattle rancher in Montana, dies at 84
  • Jul 26 Carlos Troyer, American composer, dies at 83