On This Day

What Happened in March 1920

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • Mar 1 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2 Karel Čapek "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 3 Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
  • Mar 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations

Sports History

Mar 10 NHL's Quebec Bulldog Joe Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators

  • Mar 10 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

Mar 19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

  • Mar 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld

Sports History

Mar 20 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

  • Mar 20 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Adelaide: Pat O'Hara Wood beats fellow Australian Ronald Thomas 6-3, 4-6, 6-8, 6-1, 6-3
  • Mar 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • Mar 25 Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 26 79th Grand National: legendary jockey Jack Anthony wins his record 3rd GN aboard 6/1 Troytown
  • Mar 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

Election of Interest

Mar 28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

  • Mar 28 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states
  • Mar 28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Alfred Grant Goodman, composer
  • Mar 1 Howard Nemerov, American poet, two-time US Poet Laureate and novelist (Blue Swallows), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Mar 1 Max Bentley, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame center (Hart Trophy 1946; Chicago Blackhawks), born in Delisle, Saskatchewan (d. 1984)
  • Mar 2 Enrique Franco, Spanish pianist, composer (Cuerda de presos), music promoter, and broadcaster (National Spanish Radio; Radio Clásica), born in Madrid Spain (d. 2009)
  • Mar 3 James Doohan, Canadian actor (Star Trek), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2005)
  • Mar 3 Julius Boros, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1968, US Open 1952, 63), born in Fairfield, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • Mar 4 Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • Mar 4 Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (To Serve Them All My Days), born in Bearsden, Dumbartonshire, Scotland (d. 2002)
  • Mar 5 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89), born in Weston, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Mar 5 Leontine Tg Kelly, 1st African American female bishop (Methodist)
  • Mar 5 Virginia Christine [Ricketts], American actress (Mrs Olson, Tales of Wells Fargo), born in Stanton, Iowa (d. 1996)
  • Mar 5 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • Mar 6 Lewis Gilbert, British director, producer and screenwriter (You Only Live Twice, Sink the Bismarck!), born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • Mar 6 Peter Brinson, British ballet and dance writer, lecturer, and promoter (Ballet For All), born in Llandudno, Wales (d. 1995)
  • Mar 7 Willie Watson, English cricket batsman (23 Tests, 2 x 100s) and soccer midfielder (4 caps; Sunderland), born in Bolton upon Dearne, England (d. 2004)
  • Mar 8 Eileen Herlie [Herlihy], Scottish-American actress (All My Children, The Angel with the Trumpet), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • Mar 8 James Daniel "Danny" Turner, saxophonist
  • Mar 8 Eva Dahlbeck, Swedish actress (Brink of Life, Dreams, A Lesson in Love), born in Saltsjö-Duvnäs, Stockholms län, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • Mar 10 (Kenneth) "Jethro" Burns, American country singer, and mandolin player (Homer & Jethro -"The Battle of Kookamonga"), born in Conasauga, Tennessee (d. 1989)(
  • Mar 10 Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
  • Mar 10 Boris Vian, French novelist (L'Écume des jours - Froth On The Daydream), and songwriter ("Le Déserteur" (The Deserter)), born in Ville d'Avray, France (d. 1959)
  • Mar 11 D J Enright, England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
  • Mar 11 Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)
  • Mar 11 Kenneth Dover, chancellor (St Andrews University)
  • Mar 13 Frans van der Elst, Belgian attorney and MP (Volksunie), born in Neder-Over-Heembeek, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Mar 13 Ralph J Roberts, American businessman and founder of Comcast, born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • Mar 14 Dorothy Tyler-Odam, British high jumper (Olympic silver 36, 48)
  • Mar 14 Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (Dennis the Menace), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2001)
  • Mar 15 Ranganandhan Francis, Indian field hockey goalkeeper (Olympic gold 1948, 52, 56), born in Rangoon, Myanmar (d. 1975)
  • Mar 15 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • Mar 15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 15 Sid Hartman, American sports journalist (Minneapolis Star Tribune; WCCO 830 AM), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • Mar 16 John Addison, British Academy and BAFTA Award-winning film score composer (Tom Jones; A Bridge Too Far; Centennial), born in Surrey, England (d. 1998)
  • Mar 16 Reginald "Leo" McKern, Australian actor (Blue Lagoon, Help, Mouse that Roared), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • Mar 16 Percy Mansell, cricketer (leg-spin all-rounder in 13 Tests for South Africa)
  • Mar 16 Traudl Junge, German secretary to Adolf Hitler, born in Munich (d. 2002)
  • Mar 16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • Mar 16 Sid Fleischman, American author, and screenplay writer (The Whipping Boy; Blood Alley: The Abracadabra Kid), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)
  • Mar 17 John La Montaine, American composer (Pulitzer 1959), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • Mar 17 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangladeshi politician (founding father of Bangladesh, Prime Minister and President of Bangladesh), born in Tungipara, British India (d. 1975)
  • Mar 18 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • Mar 19 Tige Andrews, American character actor (Mod Squad, The Detectives Starring Robert Taylor), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2007)
  • Mar 19 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • Mar 20 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
  • Mar 21 Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • Mar 21 Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and songwriter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 22 Werner Klemperer, German-American Emmy Award-winning stage and screen actor (Judgment at Nuremberg; Hogan's Heroes - "Col. Klink"), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 2000)
  • Mar 22 Fanny Waterman, English concert pianist and teacher (founder of Leeds International Piano Competition), born in Leeds, England (d. 2020)
  • Mar 22 Ross Martin [Martin Rosenblatt], Polish-American actor (Mr Lucky, The Wild Wild West), born in Gródek, Lwowskie, Poland (d. 1981)
  • Mar 22 James Brown, American actor (Objective, Burma!, Rin Tin Tin), born in Desdemona, Texas (d. 1992)
  • Mar 23 Alexander Harut'unyan, Armenian composer, born in Yerevan, First Republic of Armenia (d. 2012)
  • Mar 23 Geoffrey Bush, British organist, pianist, composer, and educator, born in London (d. 1998)
  • Mar 23 Jimmy Edwards, British comedy writer and actor (Take It From Here, Whack-O!), born in Barnes, Surrey, England (d. 1988)
  • Mar 23 Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • Mar 24 Gene Nelson [Leander Berg], American screenwriter, director and actor (Tea For 2, Oklahoma), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1996)
  • Mar 25 Patrick Troughton, English actor (second Doctor in Doctor Who), born in Mill Hill (d. 1987)
  • Mar 25 Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner (d. 1992)
  • Mar 26 George Brown Jr, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73-99), born in Holtsville, California (d. 1999)
  • Mar 26 Sergio Livingstone, Chilean football player and journalist (52 caps), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 2012)
  • Mar 27 Richard Hayman, American harmonica player ("Ruby"), arranger, and orchestra leader (Boston Pops; St. Louis Pops; Grand Rapids Pops), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2014)
  • Mar 27 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • Mar 27 Carl-Henrik Norin Swedish jazz saxophonist, and composer ("Mississippi Mood"), born in Västerås, Sweden (d. 1967)
  • Mar 28 Eugene A. Chappie, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • Mar 28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • Mar 29 John M. Belk, American head of Belk, Inc., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Mar 31 Marga Minco [Sara Menco], Dutch journalist and writer (Bitter Herb), born in Ginneken, Netherlands
  • Mar 31 Deborah "Debs" Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire and the Chatsworth estate, one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 2014)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Mary Pickford

Mar 2 Actress Mary Pickford (27) divorces actor Owen Moore (33) after 9 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Joseph Trumpeldor, Zionist activist, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • Mar 1 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, dies at 77
  • Mar 3 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter, dies at 79
  • Mar 8 Rafael Obligado, Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • Mar 8 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, dies at 54
  • Mar 11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • Mar 20 Venustiano Carranza, president Mexico (1915-20), murdered at 60
  • Mar 21 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (Torre, Tre Croci), dies at 37
  • Mar 26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • Mar 27 Johan G Danser, Dutch poet (Meetings), dies at 26