On This Day

What Happened in July 1921

Historical Events

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen of France beats doubles specialist Elizabeth Ryan 6-2, 6-0 for her 3rd straight Wimbledon singles title

  • Jul 1 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats South African Brian Norton 4-6, 2-6, 6-1, 6-0, 7-5 for the third of 10 Grand Slam singles titles

Boxing Title Fight

Jul 2 In boxing's first million dollar gate ($1.7m), world heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey KOs Frenchman Georges Carpentier in round 4 of his 3rd title defence; crowd 91,000 at Boyle's Thirty Acres in Jersey City, New Jersey

Historic Event

Jul 2 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

  • Jul 11 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)

Baseball Record

Jul 12 Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs

  • Jul 12 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
  • Jul 14 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted of killing their shoe company's paymaster and sentenced to death, in Dedham Massachusetts

Historic Event

Jul 16 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

  • Jul 18 Babe Ruth achieves 139 home runs and becomes the all-time home run leader in Major League Baseball, taking the title from Roger Connor
  • Jul 18 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • Jul 18 Babe Ruth smacks a home run a MLB record 575 feet in New York Yankees' 10-1 win over the Tigers at Detroit's Navin Field

Historic Event

Jul 20 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson becomes the first woman to preside over the floor of US House of Representatives

  • Jul 21 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) hit a record 16 doubles
  • Jul 21 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship

US Golf Open

Jul 22 US Open Men's Golf, Columbia CC: Englishman Jim Barnes wins the 3rd of his 4 major titles by 9 strokes ahead of runners-up Walter Hagen and Fred McLeod

  • Jul 23 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • Jul 23 Edward Gourdin of US sets long jump record at 25' 2 3/4"
  • Jul 24 15th Tour de France won by Leon Scieur of Belgium
  • Jul 27 2nd government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Historic Event

Jul 27 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

Sports History

Jul 29 Cleveland's 125th anniversary celebration: Cy Young, 54, pitches 2 inn

  • Jul 29 New rules of language assumed (equal rights Flemings/Walen Belgium)

Historic Event

Jul 29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

  • Jul 30 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), born in Serowe, Botswana (d. 1980)
  • Jul 2 Maria Britneva, Russian actress (A Room with a View, Maurice), born in Petrograd, Russia (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 Susan Peters [Suzanne Carnahan], American actress (Random Harvest, Young Ideas), born in Spokane, Washington (d. 1952)
  • Jul 4 Gérard Debreu, French-American economist (Nobel Prize, 1983), born in Calais, France (d. 2004)
  • Jul 4 Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist and orchestra leader (Ripley's Game), born in Győr, Hungary (d. 2003)

Nancy Reagan

Jul 6 Nancy Reagan [Anne Frances Robbins], US First Lady (1981-89), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)

Dmitri Polyakov

Jul 6 Dmitri Polyakov, Soviet Major General and spy for the CIA, born in Ukraine (d. 1988)

Ezzard Charles

Jul 7 Ezzard Charles, American world heavyweight boxing champion (1949-51), born in Lawrenceville, Georgia (d. 1975)

  • Jul 7 Stanislaw Wislocki, Polish conductor, born in Rzeszów, Poland (d. 1998)
  • Jul 7 Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)
  • Jul 9 Jacob J. Hage, Dutch farmer and WW II resistance fighter
  • Jul 9 Irv Kluger, American big band jazz and session drummer (Artie Shaw; Gramercy Five), born in New York City (d. 2006)
  • Jul 10 Eunice Shriver, sister of President John F. Kennedy and founder (Special Olympics), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 2009)
  • Jul 10 Jean "Jeff" Donnell, American actress (Gidget Goes to Rome, Hoedown, 9 Girls), born in Windham, Maine (d. 1988)
  • Jul 10 Revaz Il'yich Lagidze, Georgian composer (Tbiliso), born in Baghdati (d. 1981)
  • Jul 10 Harvey Ball, American inventor and designer of popular 'smiley-face' graphic, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 2001)
  • Jul 11 Ilse Werner [Ilse Charlotte Still], Dutch-German actress (Fernsehsender Paul Nipkow), born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 2005)
  • Jul 12 Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player, born in Thetford Mines, Quebec, Canada (d. 2015)
  • Jul 13 Charles Scribner Jr [IV}, American literary publisher, born in Quogue, New York (d. 1995)
  • Jul 13 Ernest Gold [Goldner], Austrian-born American film composer (Exodus), born in Vienna (d. 1999)
  • Jul 13 Git Gay [Birgit Carp], Swedish revue director, actress and singer (Git Gay Show, Ge mig en lektion i kärlek), born in Karlshamn, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Jul 13 Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • Jul 14 Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist (1973 Nobel Prize - organometallic compounds), born in Todmorden, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 14 Leon Garfield, English children's author (Devil-in-the-Fog), born in Brighton, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 14 Sixto Durán Ballén, Ecuadorian politician, President of Ecuador (1992-96), born in Boston, America (d. 2016)
  • Jul 15 Jack Hamilton Beeson, composer
  • Jul 16 Trevor Illtyd Williams, scientific writer, born in Bristol, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 16 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, born in Fairview, Kansas (d. 2008)
  • Jul 17 Acquanetta [Mildred Davenport], American actress nicknamed "The Venezuelan Volcano" (Tarzan & Leopard Woman), born in Newberry, South Carolina (d. 2004)
  • Jul 17 George Barnes, American swing-jazz and session guitarist, and electric guitar pioneer, born in South Chicago Heights, Illinois (d. 1977)
  • Jul 17 František Zvarík, Slovakian stage actor (Slovak National Theatre), born in Vrútky, Slovakia (d. 2008)

Toni Stone

Jul 17 Toni Stone, American baseball second baseman (first woman to play in men's Negro League), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1996)

John Glenn

Jul 18 John Glenn, American astronaut (1st American to orbit the earth) and politician (Senator D-Ohio), born in Cambridge, Ohio (d. 2016)

  • Jul 18 Aaron Beck, American psychiatrist (father of cognitive behavioural therapy), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2021) [1]
  • Jul 19 Rosalyn Yalow, American medical physicist (Nobel 1977), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)
  • Jul 20 Ted Schroeder, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1942, Wimbledon 1949), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2006)
  • Jul 21 Billy Taylor, American jazz pianist (Birdland), orchestra leader (David Frost Show), and broadcaster (NPR), born in Greenville, North Carolina (d. 2010) [1]
  • Jul 22 William Roth, American politician (Sen-R-Delaware, 1971-2001), born in Great Falls, Montana (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 Calvert DeForest, American comedian (Larry "Bud" Melman), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2007)
  • Jul 23 Harry Hookway, English first Chief Executive of the British Library (1973-84), born in London, England (d. 2014)
  • Jul 23 Heinz Bennent, German actor (Possession, The Serpent's Egg), born in Stolberg, Germany (d. 2011)
  • Jul 23 Jerome Rosen, American composer and educator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2011)
  • Jul 23 Peter Twiss, British test pilot (breaking the World Air Speed Record and being the first person to exceed 1,000 mph in flight), born in Lindfield, Sussex (d. 2011)
  • Jul 24 Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian operatic tenor, born in Motta Sant'Anastasia, Catania, Sicily (d. 2008)
  • Jul 25 John Christopherson, English artist and collector, born in Blackheath, London (d. 1996)
  • Jul 26 Jean Shepherd, American writer and actor (A Christmas Story), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • Jul 27 Émile Genest, French Canadian actor (The Man from U.N.C.L.E., Les Plouffe), born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 2003)
  • Jul 29 Aled Eames, Welsh maritime historian, born in Llandudno (d. 1996)
  • Jul 29 Richard Egan, American actor (Empire, Redigo, Pollyanna), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1987)
  • Jul 30 George Lampe, Dutch painter and director (Free Academy), born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • Jul 30 Jacques Van der Schueren, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs, born in Aalst, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Jul 30 Grant Johannesen, American concert pianist, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2005)
  • Jul 31 Whitney Young Jr, American civil rights leader, head of the Urban League, born in Shelby County, Kentucky (d. 1971)
  • Jul 31 Peter Benenson, British founder of Amnesty International, born in London (d. 2005)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Edwin Evans, Australian cricket spin bowler (6 Tests; 7 wickets), dies at 72
  • Jul 11 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist and inventor, dies at 75