On This Day

What Happened in January 1922

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • Jan 1 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • Jan 2 8th Rose Bowl: California ties Washington & Jefferson, 0-0
  • Jan 3 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar
  • Jan 6 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments
  • Jan 9 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • Jan 9 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends

Historic Invention

Jan 11 Insulin first used on humans to treat diabetes, when Frederick Banting injects fellow Canadian Leonard Thompson, aged 14

  • Jan 13 Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
  • Jan 13 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
  • Jan 13 WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions

Election of Interest

Jan 15 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)

  • Jan 16 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Pastoral Symphony" premieres in London, with Adrian Boult conducting
  • Jan 18 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin
  • Jan 19 Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years

Music History

Jan 20 Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, France

  • Jan 21 1st slalom ski race run at Murren, Switzerland
  • Jan 24 -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jan 24 Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)
  • Jan 24 Lehman Caves National Monument established
  • Jan 28 J E Clair turns Green Bay franchise back to NFL
  • Jan 28 Knickerbocker Storm, Washington, D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses, killing 98 patrons
  • Jan 29 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador dissolved
  • Jan 30 World Law Day 1st celebrated

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, American Democratic Senator from South Carolina (1966-2005), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • Jan 2 Jason Evers, American actor (Wrangler, Channing), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Jan 2 Nico Schuyt, Dutch composer, born in Alkmaar (d. 1992)
  • Jan 3 Bill Travers [William Inge Lindon-Travers], British actor, director, officer and animal rights activist (Born Free, Gorgo), born in Sunderland, England (d. 1994)
  • Jan 3 Jacques Wildberger, Swiss composer (In My End Is My Beginning), born in Born, Switzerland (d. 2006)
  • Jan 3 Morten Nielsen, Danish poet/resistance fighter
  • Jan 4 Frank Wess, American jazz flutist, saxophonist, and composer, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • Jan 5 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force, born in Corowa, Australia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 6 Finn Einar Mortensen, Norwegian composer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1983)
  • Jan 7 Jean-Pierre Rampal, French classical flautist (The Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano), born in Marseilles, France (d. 2000)
  • Jan 7 Alvin Dark, American baseball player and manager, born in Comanche, Oklahoma, (d. 2014)
  • Jan 7 Robert De Cormier, American conductor and musical director (The Belafonte Folk Singers), born in Long Island, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jan 8 Abbey Simon, American pianist, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 9 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), born in Raipur, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • Jan 9 Ahmed Sékou Touré, first President of Guinea (1958-84), born in Faranah, Guinea (d. 1984)
  • Jan 10 Ester Mägi, Estonian composer 'First Lady of Estonian music', born in Tallinn, Estonia (d. 2021)
  • Jan 11 Neville Duke, English test pilot
  • Jan 11 Ernle Bradford, English historian and writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 12 Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist and art historian, born in Bratkowice, Poland (d. 1994)
  • Jan 13 John Hewer, English actor famous for portraying Captain Birdseye in British commercials, born in London (d. 2008)
  • Jan 15 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jan 15 Thelma Carpenter, American radio and jazz band singer (Coleman Hawkins; Count Basie), and stage and screen actress (Barefoot In The Park), born in Brooklyn, New York City (d. 1997)
  • Jan 16 Ernesto Bonino, Italian pop singer, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2008)

Betty White

Jan 17 Betty White (Ludden), American Emmy Award-winning comic actress with the longest TV career of a female entertainer (The Mary Tyler Moore Show - "Sue Ann Nivens"; Golden Girls - "Rose"; The Proposal), born in Oak Park Illinois (d. 2021) [1]

  • Jan 17 Luis Echeverria Alvarez, president Mexico
  • Jan 17 Nicholas Katzenbach, lawyer (US Attorney General), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 Yehezkel Braun, Israeli composer (Shir ha-shirim), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Jan 18 Bob Bell, American clown, born in Flint, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • Jan 18 Johnny Costa [Costanza], American jazz pianist, celeste and accordion player, and musical director (Mister Rogers' Neighborhood), born in Arnold, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • Jan 18 Antonio Bibalo, Italian-Norwegian pianist, contemporary classical and opera composer (The Smile at the Foot of the Ladder ; Ghosts), born in Trieste, Italy (d. 2008)
  • Jan 19 Arthur Morris, Australian cricket batsman (46 Tests, 12 x 100, HS 206, BA 46.48; NSWCA), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2015)
  • Jan 19 Guy Madison [Robert Moseley], American actor (Wild Bill Hickok), born in Pumpkin Center, California (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 Ken Hughes, director (Casino Royale), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jan 20 James Hanson, English industrialist, born in Huddersfield, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • Jan 20 Ray Anthony [Antonini], American orchestra leader (Ray Anthony Show; "Peter Gunn Theme"), born in Bentleyville, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 21 Jean P Vroom, Dutch sculptor

Paul Scofield

Jan 21 Paul Scofield, English actor (A Man for All Seasons, Train), born in Hurst, England (d. 2008)

  • Jan 21 (Aristotelis) "Telly" Savalas, American actor (Kojak; On Her Majesty's Secret Service), and singer ("If"), born in Garden City New Jersey (d. 1994)
  • Jan 21 Sam Mele, American MLB outfielder/manager (Minnesota Twins record 102 wins 1965), born in Astoria, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jan 22 Howard Moss, poet/editor (New Yorker)
  • Jan 24 Neil Franklin, English soccer defender (26 caps; Stoke City, Hull City, Crewe Alexandra) and manager (Colchester United), born in Shelton, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2005)
  • Jan 25 Jules de Palm, Antilles writer, born in Curaçao (d. 2013)
  • Jan 25 Raymond Baxter, English television presenter & writer (Fast Lady), born in Ilford, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • Jan 26 Michael Bentine, England, author/comedian (Reluctant Jester)
  • Jan 28 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist who worked with RNA (Nobel Prize 1968), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1991)
  • Jan 29 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
  • Jan 30 Dick Martin [Thomas Richard], American actor & comedian (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, Carbon Copy), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Jan 30 Pal Jardanyi, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1966)
  • Jan 31 Michael Wilford, diplomat
  • Jan 31 William Sylvester, American actor (2001: A Space Odyssey, Gemini Man), born in Oakland, California (d. 1995)
  • Jan 31 Joanne Dru [LaCock], American actress (Red River, All the King's Men), born in Logan, West Virginia (d. 1996)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, dies at 90
  • Jan 6 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), dies at 79
  • Jan 7 Antonio Scontrino, Italian composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 7 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
  • Jan 10 Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
  • Jan 10 Ōkuma Shigenobu, Japanese politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1898 , 1914-1916), dies at 83
  • Jan 15 John Kirk Barry, British physicain, naturalist, explorer (with Dr. David Livingstone), politician, and abolishionist, dies at 89

Benedict XV

Jan 22 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian 258th pope (1914-22), dies at 67

  • Jan 22 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 84
  • Jan 23 Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 66
  • Jan 26 Luigi Denza, Italian composer (Funiculì, Funiculà), dies at 77
  • Jan 27 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81

Nellie Bly

Jan 27 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), dies at 57

  • Jan 31 Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer, dies at 56