On This Day

What Happened in January 1922

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • Jan 1 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • Jan 2 8th Rose Bowl: California ties Washington & Jefferson, 0-0
  • Jan 3 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar
  • Jan 6 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments

IrelandAnglo-Irish Treaty

Jan 7 The Anglo-Irish Treaty is ratified by Dail Eireann by a 64-57 vote
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Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • Jan 9 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • Jan 9 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • Jan 11 Insulin first used on humans to treat diabetes, on Canadian Leonard Thompson, aged 14
  • Jan 13 Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
  • Jan 13 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
  • Jan 13 WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 15 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)

President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • Jan 18 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin
  • Jan 19 Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years
  • Jan 20 Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres, Paris
  • Jan 21 1st slalom ski race run at Murren, Switzerland
  • Jan 24 -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jan 24 Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)
  • Jan 24 Lehman Caves National Monument established
  • Jan 26 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Pastoral Symphony" premieres in London
  • Jan 28 J E Clair turns Green Bay franchise back to NFL
  • Jan 28 Knickerbocker Storm, Washington, D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses, killing 98 patrons
  • Jan 29 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador dissolved
  • Jan 30 Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
  • Jan 30 World Law Day 1st celebrated

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, American Democratic Senator from South Carolina (1966-2005), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • Jan 2 Jason Evers, American actor (Wrangler, Channing), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Jan 2 Nico Schuyt, Dutch composer, born in Alkmaar (d. 1992)
  • Jan 3 Bill Travers [William Inge Lindon-Travers], British actor, director, officer and animal rights activist (Born Free, Gorgo), born in Sunderland, England (d. 1994)
  • Jan 3 Jacques Wildberger, Swiss composer (In My End is My Beginning)
  • Jan 3 Morten Nielsen, Danish poet/resistance fighter
  • Jan 4 Frank Wess, flutist/saxophonist/composer, (d. 2013)
  • Jan 5 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force, born in Corowa, Australia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 6 Finn Einar Mortensen, Norwegian composer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1983)
  • Jan 7 Jean-Pierre [Louis] Rampal, Marseilles France, flautist
  • Jan 7 Alvin Dark, American baseball player and manager, born in Comanche, Oklahoma, (d. 2014)
  • Jan 7 Robert De Cormier, American conductor and musical director (The Belafonte Folk Singers), born in Long Island, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jan 8 Abbey Simon, American pianist, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 9 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), born in Raipur, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • Jan 9 Ahmed Sékou Touré, first President of Guinea (1958-84), born in Faranah, Guinea (d. 1984)
  • Jan 10 Ester Mägi, Estonian composer 'First Lady of Estonian music', born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • Jan 11 Neville Duke, English test pilot
  • Jan 11 Ernle Bradford, English historian and writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 12 Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist and art historian, born in Bratkowice, Poland (d. 1994)
  • Jan 13 John Hewer, English actor famous for portraying Captain Birdseye in British commercials, born in London (d. 2008)
  • Jan 15 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jan 16 Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)

Person of interestBetty White

Jan 17 Betty White [Ludden], American actress and comedian with the longest TV career of a female entertainer (The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Golden Girls), born in Oak Park Illinois

Actress and Comedian Betty White
Actress and Comedian
Betty White
  • Jan 17 Luis Echeverria Alvarez, president Mexico
  • Jan 17 Nicholas Katzenbach, lawyer (US Attorney General), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 Yehezkel Braun, Israeli composer (Shir ha-shirim), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Jan 18 Bob Bell, American clown, born in Flint, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • Jan 19 Arthur Morris, Australian cricketer (great lefty opening batsman), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2015)
  • Jan 19 Guy Madison [Robert Moseley], American actor (Wild Bill Hickok), born in Pumpkin Center, California (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 Ken Hughes, director (Casino Royale), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jan 20 James Hanson, English industrialist, born in Huddersfield, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • Jan 20 Ray Anthony, American orchestra leader (Ray Anthony Show, Peter Gunn Theme), born in Bentleyville, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 21 Jean P Vroom, Dutch sculptor

Person of interestPaul Scofield

Jan 21 Paul Scofield, English actor (A Man for All Seasons, Train), born in Hurst, England (d. 2008)

  • Jan 21 Aristotelis "Telly" Savalas, American singer (If?) and character actor (Kojak, On Her Majesty's Secret Service), born in Garden City New Jersey, (d. 1994)
  • Jan 21 Sam Mele, American MLB outfielder/manager (Minnesota Twins record 102 wins 1965), born in Astoria, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jan 22 Howard Moss, poet/editor (New Yorker)
  • Jan 24 Neil Franklin, English footballer, born in Shelton, Staffordshire (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2005)
  • Jan 25 Jules de Palm, Antilles writer, born in Curaçao (d. 2013)
  • Jan 25 Raymond Baxter, English television presenter & writer (Fast Lady), born in Ilford, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • Jan 26 Michael Bentine, England, author/comedian (Reluctant Jester)
  • Jan 27 Wilfrid Bourne, QC/Clerk of the Crown in Chancery
  • Jan 28 Robert W Holley, American biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel '68)
  • Jan 29 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
  • Jan 30 Dick Martin [Thomas Richard], American actor & comedian (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, Carbon Copy), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Jan 30 Pal Jardanyi, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1966)
  • Jan 31 Michael Wilford, diplomat
  • Jan 31 William Sylvester, American actor (2001: A Space Odyssey, Gemini Man), born in Oakland, California (d. 1995)
  • Jan 31 Joanne Dru [LaCock], American actress (Red River, All the King's Men), born in Logan, West Virginia (d. 1996)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, dies at 90

Person of interestErnest Shackleton

Jan 5 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), dies of a heart attack at 47

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Jan 6 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), dies at 79
  • Jan 7 Antonio Scontrino, Italian composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 7 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
  • Jan 10 Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
  • Jan 15 John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone's companion, dies at 89
  • Jan 22 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian 258th pope (1914-22), dies at 67
  • Jan 22 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 84
  • Jan 23 Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 66
  • Jan 26 Luigi Denza, Italian composer (Funiculì, Funiculà), dies at 77
  • Jan 27 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81

Person of interestNellie Bly

Jan 27 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), dies at 57

Journalist and Adventurer Nellie Bly
Journalist and Adventurer
Nellie Bly
  • Jan 31 Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer, dies at 56